Justice

Overview

Political theorists agree that justice is a fundamental political value but disagree profoundly about its proper analysis and philosophical justification. Now in its third edition, Tom Campbell's highly acclaimed and widely used text has been substantially revised and updated, and includes an entirety new chapter on Global Justice.

Following two introductory chapters, the book provides a detailed elaboration of nine broad approaches as exemplified in the work of Robert Nozick, ...

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Overview

Political theorists agree that justice is a fundamental political value but disagree profoundly about its proper analysis and philosophical justification. Now in its third edition, Tom Campbell's highly acclaimed and widely used text has been substantially revised and updated, and includes an entirety new chapter on Global Justice.

Following two introductory chapters, the book provides a detailed elaboration of nine broad approaches as exemplified in the work of Robert Nozick, Ronald Dworkin, John Rawls, Richard Posner, Wojciech Sadurski, Karl Marx, Iris Marion Young, J├╝rgen Habermas, Thomas Pogge and Peter Singer.

The author concludes by reflecting on the competing roles of justice and rights in contemporary political thought.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

Review comments on first edition:

'[A] fine critical introduction. [A]lways succinct and lucid, always fair minded. This is certain to become the standard text on contemporary theories of justice.' - David Miller, Journal of Social Policy

'[E]very chapter is rich in insight and thought provoking in its analysis. The entire book reveals the learning of its author. [A]s an introductory text Justice succeeds admirably. One will not find anywhere else such easily accessible and clearly written introductions to this range of different views'. - Stephen C. Hicks,

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780230221680
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
  • Publication date: 3/2/2010
  • Series: Issues in Political Theory Series
  • Edition description: Third Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 304
  • Product dimensions: 5.40 (w) x 8.40 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

TOM CAMPBELL is Director of the Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics at Charles Stuart University in Canberra, Australia.

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Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgements vii

1 What is Justice? The Concept 1

The roots of justice 5

Justice and ideology 9

Justice and distribution 12

Justice and desert 20

2 What is Just? The Norms 24

Equality and desert 25

The value of formal justice 32

Knowledge of justice 36

The communitarian critique of liberal justice 42

3 Justice as Entitlement: Libertarian Approaches 47

Rights and formal justice 49

Justice as human rights 52

Ownership and entitlement 55

Nozick's justice 59

Conjectural history and the minimal state 63

Libertarian alternatives 66

4 Justice as Respect: Liberal Approaches 69

Kantian justice 69

Dworkin's rights 73

Justice and minorities 80

Critique of Dworkin 83

5 Justice as Fairness: Contractual Approaches 91

Justice as fairness 96

Rawlsian justice 99

Critique of Rawls 106

The original position 106

Principles of justice 110

Respecting desert 112

Some Rawlsian dogmas 113

Global justice 114

6 Justice as Utility: Consequentialist Approaches 116

Justice and utility 117

The 'economics' of justice 126

Criminal law 135

7 Justice as Desert: Responsibilities and Remuneration 140

The attractions of desert 142

Problems of desert 149

Just remuneration 155

Luck egalitarianism 159

8 Justice as Critique: Socialist Approaches 163

Formal justice and the critique of rights 165

Material justice, exploitation and desert 172

Socialist justice 181

9 Justice as Empowerment: Feminist Approaches 184

A feminist reconstruction of justice 186

Oppression and domination 192

Critical reflections 199

10 Justice as Democracy: Political Approaches 205

The theory of social interaction 207

The presuppositions of communicative action 211

Habermasian justice 216

Critical comments 221

11 Global Justice: Cosmopolitan Approaches 227

A justice approach 229

A humanitarian approach 233

Justice and humanity 237

The International criminal courts and humanitarian intervention 239

12 Justice Restored? 243

But what is justice? 243

Justice in law 247

Justice in the economy 250

Justice and democracy 253

Guide to Further Reading 257

Bibliography 259

Index 269

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