Juvenile Justice: A Text/Reader / Edition 1

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Juvenile Justice: A Text/Reader offers a unique new spin on the core textbook format. Organized like a more traditional juvenile justice text, this text/reader is divided into eight sections that contain all the usual topics taught in a juvenile justice course. After a comprehensive overview, each section has an introductory “mini-chapter” that provides engaging coverage of key concepts, developments, controversial issues, and research in the field. These authored introductions are followed by carefully selected and edited original research articles. The readings, from prominent scholarly journals, were written by juvenile justice experts and often have a policy orientation that will help address student interest in the “so what?” application of theory.

Key Features and Benefits

  • Boasts extensive and unique coverage of the juvenile justice system, focusing on law enforcement, the court system, correctional responses to juvenile offending, and an overview of the causes of delinquency
  • Features a unique “How to Read a Research Article”—tied to the first reading in the book—to give students a guide to understand and learn from the edited articles that appear throughout the text.
  • Provides an introduction to each reading to give students an overview of the purpose, main points, and conclusions of each article.
  • Utilizes photographs, boxes, and suggested Web resources to enhance the book’s presentation and engage student interest.
  • Offers a clear and concise summary of key terms and concepts in each section and discussion questions that enhance student comprehension


  • A Student study site at www.sagepub.com/lawrencestudyprovides self-quizzes, e-flashcards, additional readings, and more.
  • Instructor Resource on CDinclude test questions for both the text and readings, PowerPoint slides, teaching tips, and other resources. Qualified instructors can request a copy by contacting Customer Care at 1-800-818-SAGE (7243), 6AM-5PM, Pacific Time.

Intended Audience

This Text/Reader is designed to serve as a replacement for a core text, or a supplement text for upper-level undergraduate Juvenile Justice courses in departments of criminal justice, criminology, sociology and related disciplines.

Interested in a text/ reader for another criminology or criminal justice here? Explore other titles in the series.

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Editorial Reviews

Dan Okada
"This is a breakthrough book-commentary and discussion ahead of relevant, complete articles/essays- profound!"
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Richard Lawrence is Professor of Criminal Justice at St. Cloud State University in Minnesota. He earned a Ph.D. in Criminal Justice at Sam Houston State University, M.A. in Psychology at St. Mary’s University, San Antonio, TX and a B.A. in Psychology at Bethel University, St. Paul, MN. He has published two books on school crime and juvenile justice and is the author of more than forty articles and chapters published in academic journals and books, including Juvenile Justice: A Text/Reader, just published by SAGE.

Craig Hemmens is Department Chair and Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology at Washington State University. In addition to being the editor for the SAGE Text/Reader Series in Criminology/Criminal Justice, he has published several books, including Law, Justice and Society (Oxford University Press, ©2012), Legal Guide for Police (Anderson, ©2011) and An Introduction to Criminal Evidence (Oxford University Press, ©2009). He holds a J.D. from North Carolina Central University School of Law and a Ph.D. in Criminal Justice from Sam Houston State University. He served as the President of the Association of Criminal Justice Sciences (ACJS) from 2012 to 2013.

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Table of Contents

The Extent and Seriousness of Juvenile Delinquency and Victimization
Measures of Juvenile Offending
Self-Report Measures
Delinquency Causation: An Overview
The Organization and Contents of the Book
Historical Overview of Juvenile Justice
The Origins of American Juvenile Justice
Houses of Refuge and Legal Doctrines
The "Child-saving" Movement
The First Juvenile Court
The U.S. Supreme Court on Juvenile Justice
Juvenile Versus Criminal Court: Legal and Procedural Distinctions
Federal and State Legislative Changes
Summary, Key Terms, Discussion Questions, Web Resources
How to Read a Research Article
Saving the Children: The Promise and Practice of Parens Patriae, 1838-1898 by Alexander W. Pisciotta
History Overtakes the Juvenile Justice System by Theodore N. Ferdinand
The Historical Legacy of Juvenile Justice by Barry Krisberg
Is Child Saving Dead? Public Support for Juvenile Rehabilitation by Melissa M. Moon, et. al.
The Police and Juvenile Crime
Police Roles and Responsibilities
Police-Juvenile Relations
Police Roles and Discretion
Juvenile Offending and Police Discretion
Race as a Factor in Juvenile Arrests
Alternatives to Police Arrest and Custody
Summary, Key Terms, Discussion Questions, Web Resources
Cops in the Classroom: A Longitudinal Evaluation of Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) by Dennis P. Rosenbaum, et. al.
Reintegrative Police Surveillance of Juvenile Offenders: Forging an Urban Model by Susan Guarino-Ghezzi
Juvenile Curfews and the Courts: Judicial Response to a Not-So-New Crime Control Strategy by Craig Hemmens and Katherine Bennett
Gang Suppression Through Saturation Patrol, Aggressive Curfew, and Truancy Enforcement: A Quasi-Experimental Test of the Dallas Anti-Gang Initiative by Eric J. Fritsch, et. al.
Problem-Oriented Policing, Deterrence, and Youth Violence: An Evaluation of Boston's Operation Ceasefire by Anthony A. Braga, et. al.
Juvenile Court Intake
Juvenile Detention
Trends and Variations in Detention
Conditions of Confinement in Detention
Consequences of Being Detained
Preventive Detention and Predicting Dangerousness
Assessment of Juvenile Risks and Needs
Diversion and Alternatives to Juvenile Court Referral
Prosecutor Role in Intake and Court Referral
Summary, Key Terms, Discussion Questions, Web Resources
Race and the Impact of Detention on Juvenile Justice Decision Making by Michael J. Lieber and Kristan C. Fox
Assessments and Intake Processes in Juvenile Justice Processing: Emerging Policy Considerations by Daniel P. Mears and William R. Kelly
Best Implementation Practices: Disseminating New Assessment Technologies in a Juvenile Justice Agency by Douglas Young, et. al.
Overview of Waiver and Transfer
Judicial and Legislative Developments in Juvenile Transfer
The Law, Science, and Juvenile Transfer
Research on the Effects of Juvenile Transfer
Future Trends in Juvenile Transfer
Summary, Key Terms, Discussion Questions, Web Resources
The Transfer of Juveniles to Criminal Court: Reexamining Recidivism Over the Long Term by Lawrence Winner, et al.
A Critique of Waiver Research: Critical Next Steps in Assessing the Impacts of Laws for Transferring Juveniles to the Criminal Justice System by Daniel P. Mears
Adult Versus Juvenile Sanctions: Voices of Incarcerated Youths by Jodi Lane, et al.
Hard Choices or Obvious Ones: Developing Policy for Excluding Youth from Juvenile Court by Joseph B. Sanborn, Jr.
Juvenile Court Cases: Numbers and Trends
Juvenile Court Officials and Their Roles
The Juvenile Court Process
"Blended Sentencing"
Juvenile Court Trends and Reforms
Summary, Exercises and Discussion Questions, Useful Web Sites, Chapter Glossary
Origins of the Juvenile Court: Changing Perspectives on the Legal Rights of Juvenile Delinquents by Robert M. Mennel
The Punitive Juvenile Court and the Quality of Procedural Justice: Disjunctions Between Rhetoric and Reality by Barry C. Feld
Factors Perceived to Affect Delinquent Dispositions in Juvenile Court: Putting the Sentencing Decision Into Context by Joseph B. Sanborn, Jr.
Race, Legal Representation, and Juvenile Justice: Issues and Concerns by Lori Guevara, et. al.
History and Development of Juvenile Corrections
Institutional and Residential Programs
Juvenile Probation and Community Corrections
Intermediate Sanctions
Aftercare or Parole Supervision
Effectiveness of Juvenile Corrections
Current Issues and Future Trends in Juvenile Corrections
Summary, Exercises and Discussion Questions, Useful Web Sites, Chapter Glossary
Reexamining Community Corrections Models by Richard Lawrence
The Impact of Book Camps and Traditional Institutions on Juvenile Residents: Perceptions, Adjustment, and Change by Doris L. MacKenzie, et. al.
The Next Generation of Prisoners: Toward an Understanding of Violent Institutionalized Delinquents by Ashley G. Blackburn, et. al.
Adolescent and Teenage Offenders Confronting the Challenges and Opportunities of Reentry by David M. Altschuler and Rachel Brash
SECTION SEVEN: THE Future of Juvenile Justice
The Past as Prologue to the Future
Factors Affecting the Future of Juvenile Justice
Policy Issues for Juvenile Justice in the 21st Century
Delinquency Prevention and Juvenile Justice for the 21st Century
Summary, Exercises and Discussion Questions, Useful Web Sites, Chapter Glossary
Public Health and Prevention of Juvenile Criminal Violence by Brandon C. Welsh
Reviving Juvenile Justice in a Get-Tough Era by Jeffrey A. Butts and Daniel P. Mears
Defining Juvenile Justice in the 21st Century by Alida V. Merlo and Peter J. Benekos
The Comprehensive Strategy Framework by James C. Howell
Photo Credits
Author Index
Subject Index
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