Juvenile Justice Today / Edition 4

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Overview

Juvenile Justice Today, Fourth Edition is written for the student beginning to develop an interest in the juvenile area of the criminal justice system. It focuses on the system itself, the processes within it, and the young people who become involved in it. It also presents an historical view of the juvenile justice system and how it relates to the entire criminal justice system.

SPECIAL FEATURES OF THE BOOK INCLUDE:

  • Coverage of both the practical and theoretical elements of the juvenile justice system and process
  • Current literature and research, including timely materials available on the World Wide Web
  • Important information that appears in boxes throughout the text that present current issues and concepts
  • A list of "terms to remember" and "review questions" at the end of each chapter to help students highlight the important concepts
  • An Instructor's Manual by Dr. Julie Kunselman that contains chapter outlines and questions for tests and quizzes
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780130119933
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • Publication date: 9/12/2003
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 400
  • Product dimensions: 7.10 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Read an Excerpt

Juvenile Justice Today is written for the student beginning to develop an interest in the juvenile area of the criminal justice system. It focuses on the system itself, the processes within it, and the young people who become involved in it. We also present an historical view of the juvenile justice system and how it relates to the entire criminal justice system.

This text is based on a specific model emphasizing concise chapters that logically build upon each other. It is designed to keep the reader's attention and interest by presenting each chapter in self-contained, yet interrelated parts that can be easily read in short sessions without excessive effort. References are contained at the end of each chapter.

Aside from covering the practical and theoretical elements of the juvenile justice system and process, the text makes use of current literature and research, including timely materials available on the World Wide Web. ORGANIZATION OF THIS EDITION

This fourth edition is divided into three major sections and fourteen chapters. Part I presents the history of juvenile justice. It examines the handling of juveniles by justice systems from ancient times up to the present, along with the slow emergence of a separate system of juvenile justice. Chapter 1 traces the development of juvenile justice from Babylon to the United States in the early part of the twentieth century. Chapter 2 focuses upon changes in the treatment of juveniles from 1900 through the establishment of and changes in the operations of the juvenile court in the twentieth century. Chapter 3 examines statistics on juvenile justice and crime today that provides a basis for the examination ofissues covered in the remainder of the text.

Part II is an extensive coverage of the entire juvenile justice process. It examines the parts of the juvenile justice system that are both similar to and different from the adult criminal justice system. Chapter 4 reviews the process model of juvenile justice and the specialized language and terminology used to handle juvenile cases. A handy lexicon of related phrases is provided to help the student understand the differences between the adult and juvenile justice models. Chapter 5 deals with the relationships that exist with the juvenile in trouble and his or her first point of contact—the police. The development of police organizations to deal with juveniles is reviewed with special attention given to community and problem-oriented policing. Chapter 6 traces the development of the juvenile court and the modern pressures for change, primarily to make it more like the adult system in regard to both due process and accountability. Chapter 7 provides a review of the legal rights of juveniles, tracing the significant legal decisions that have begun to shape and change the juvenile justice process.

Chapter 8 examines the problems and hopes that lie in juvenile probation, a system that is splintered into so many jurisdictions that it seems to be no system at all. Special attention is given to innovations in juvenile probation, such as electronic monitoring and school probation. Chapter 9 traces the dismal history of juvenile institutions as a response to delinquency. In particular, the serious issues of disproportionate minority confinement and the holding of juveniles in adult jails and prisons are examined. Chapter 10 examines juvenile parole and its less-than-fulfilled promise to successfully return the juvenile to the community. A new model, the Intensive Aftercare Program, is also presented. Chapter 11 looks a group homes, foster care, and adoption as potential ways to place juveniles in productive environments rather than the formal juvenile justice process. Chapter 12 examines the systems of classification and assessment that are designed to put juveniles into groups to facilitate custody and treatment plans in both the institution and the community.

Part III considers the future of juvenile justice. Chapter 13 examines the connection between theory, issues, and juvenile justice practice. Here, theory is integrated with a serious problem presented by juveniles and a practice that is proposed to deal with them. The death penalty for juveniles, gangs, violence, and status offenses are covered in this chapter. Chapter 14 is the conclusion of the text. It presents an overview of the problems faced by the juvenile justice system in the opening years of the twenty-first century. OUTSTANDING FEATURES OF THIS EDITION

The true purpose of any textbook is to transmit and clarify ideas and information to students. It is essential, therefore, that the writing style be clear and understandable. Readability is a key feature of this edition. We have taken steps to make this text easier for the instructor to use and to make it a more pleasant and worthwhile learning experience for the reader.

This edition has been revised and rearranged for student understanding. Material presented is as current and timely as possible. Where appropriate, references are made to web sites that will allow students to check statistics and information as they use the text. Important information appears in boxes throughout the text to present current issues while not interrupting the flow of thought.

Along with readability, the reorganization of the text makes this edition clearer to the reader. The subject matter flows in a more logical and planned fashion following the system as a whole and the process that juveniles are subjected to.

Also available for the busy instructor is a revised Instructor's Manual prepared by Dr. Julie Kunselman of the University of West Florida. The manual contains test questions for quizzes and examinations as well as PowerPoint slides for lectures.

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

I. THE HISTORY OF JUVENILE JUSTICE.

1. Children in Trouble (2000 B.C. to the Twentieth Century).

2. The Twentieth Century and Juvenile Justice.

3. Juvenile Crime: Measurement and Analysis.

II. THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM.

4. The Juvenile Justice Process.

5. Juveniles and the Police: Where the System Starts.

6. The Juvenile Court.

7. Juvenile's Legal Rights.

8. Juvenile Probation—Cheaper or Better?

9. Juvenile Institutions: The Success of Failure.

10. Juvenile Parole: Useful or Harmful?

11. Group Homes, Foster Care, and Adoption.

12. Juvenile Justice Assessment and Classification.

III. JUVENILE JUSTICE IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY.

13. Dealing with Delinquency Theories, Issues, and Practice.

14. The Future of Juvenile Justice.

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Preface

Juvenile Justice Today is written for the student beginning to develop an interest in the juvenile area of the criminal justice system. It focuses on the system itself, the processes within it, and the young people who become involved in it. We also present an historical view of the juvenile justice system and how it relates to the entire criminal justice system.

This text is based on a specific model emphasizing concise chapters that logically build upon each other. It is designed to keep the reader's attention and interest by presenting each chapter in self-contained, yet interrelated parts that can be easily read in short sessions without excessive effort. References are contained at the end of each chapter.

Aside from covering the practical and theoretical elements of the juvenile justice system and process, the text makes use of current literature and research, including timely materials available on the World Wide Web.

ORGANIZATION OF THIS EDITION

This fourth edition is divided into three major sections and fourteen chapters. Part I presents the history of juvenile justice. It examines the handling of juveniles by justice systems from ancient times up to the present, along with the slow emergence of a separate system of juvenile justice. Chapter 1 traces the development of juvenile justice from Babylon to the United States in the early part of the twentieth century. Chapter 2 focuses upon changes in the treatment of juveniles from 1900 through the establishment of and changes in the operations of the juvenile court in the twentieth century. Chapter 3 examines statistics on juvenile justice and crime today that provides a basis for the examination of issues covered in the remainder of the text.

Part II is an extensive coverage of the entire juvenile justice process. It examines the parts of the juvenile justice system that are both similar to and different from the adult criminal justice system. Chapter 4 reviews the process model of juvenile justice and the specialized language and terminology used to handle juvenile cases. A handy lexicon of related phrases is provided to help the student understand the differences between the adult and juvenile justice models. Chapter 5 deals with the relationships that exist with the juvenile in trouble and his or her first point of contact—the police. The development of police organizations to deal with juveniles is reviewed with special attention given to community and problem-oriented policing. Chapter 6 traces the development of the juvenile court and the modern pressures for change, primarily to make it more like the adult system in regard to both due process and accountability. Chapter 7 provides a review of the legal rights of juveniles, tracing the significant legal decisions that have begun to shape and change the juvenile justice process.

Chapter 8 examines the problems and hopes that lie in juvenile probation, a system that is splintered into so many jurisdictions that it seems to be no system at all. Special attention is given to innovations in juvenile probation, such as electronic monitoring and school probation. Chapter 9 traces the dismal history of juvenile institutions as a response to delinquency. In particular, the serious issues of disproportionate minority confinement and the holding of juveniles in adult jails and prisons are examined. Chapter 10 examines juvenile parole and its less-than-fulfilled promise to successfully return the juvenile to the community. A new model, the Intensive Aftercare Program, is also presented. Chapter 11 looks a group homes, foster care, and adoption as potential ways to place juveniles in productive environments rather than the formal juvenile justice process. Chapter 12 examines the systems of classification and assessment that are designed to put juveniles into groups to facilitate custody and treatment plans in both the institution and the community.

Part III considers the future of juvenile justice. Chapter 13 examines the connection between theory, issues, and juvenile justice practice. Here, theory is integrated with a serious problem presented by juveniles and a practice that is proposed to deal with them. The death penalty for juveniles, gangs, violence, and status offenses are covered in this chapter. Chapter 14 is the conclusion of the text. It presents an overview of the problems faced by the juvenile justice system in the opening years of the twenty-first century.

OUTSTANDING FEATURES OF THIS EDITION

The true purpose of any textbook is to transmit and clarify ideas and information to students. It is essential, therefore, that the writing style be clear and understandable. Readability is a key feature of this edition. We have taken steps to make this text easier for the instructor to use and to make it a more pleasant and worthwhile learning experience for the reader.

This edition has been revised and rearranged for student understanding. Material presented is as current and timely as possible. Where appropriate, references are made to web sites that will allow students to check statistics and information as they use the text. Important information appears in boxes throughout the text to present current issues while not interrupting the flow of thought.

Along with readability, the reorganization of the text makes this edition clearer to the reader. The subject matter flows in a more logical and planned fashion following the system as a whole and the process that juveniles are subjected to.

Also available for the busy instructor is a revised Instructor's Manual prepared by Dr. Julie Kunselman of the University of West Florida. The manual contains test questions for quizzes and examinations as well as PowerPoint slides for lectures.

Read More Show Less

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