The Karankawa Indians Of Texas / Edition 1

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Overview

Popular lore has long depicted the Karankawa Indians as primitive scavengers (perhaps even cannibals) who eked out a meager subsistence from fishing, hunting and gathering on the Texas coastal plains. That caricature, according to Robert Ricklis, hides the reality of a people who were well-adapted to their environment, skillful in using its resources, and successful in maintaining their culture until the arrival of Anglo-American settlers.

The Karankawa Indians of Texas is the first modern, well-researched history of the Karankawa from prehistoric times until their extinction in the nineteenth century. Blending archaeological and ethnohistorical data into a lively narrative history, Ricklis reveals the basic lifeway of the Karankawa, a seasonal pattern that took them from large coastal fishing camps in winter to small, dispersed hunting and gathering parties in summer. In a most important finding, he shows how, after initial hostilities, the Karankawa incorporated the Spanish missions into their subsistence pattern during the colonial period and coexisted peacefully with Euroamericans until the arrival of Anglo settlers in the 1820s and 1830s. These findings will be of wide interest to everyone studying the interactions of Native American and European peoples.

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Traces the gradual transformation of Japan into what other countries would recognize as a normal military state, the political forces supporting and opposing the change, and the values underlying the critique of militarization. Drawing on primary and secondary material relating to styles of thought and language, the military buildup during the 1980s and the response to the war on Iraq in the 1990s, finds at the center of the tension the intertwined notions of Japanese identity and military normality. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780292770775
  • Publisher: University of Texas Press
  • Publication date: 1/1/1996
  • Series: Texas Archaeology and Ethnohistory Series
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 240
  • Sales rank: 840,822
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.51 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface
1 Who Were the Karankawas? 1
2 The Karankawan Environment 11
3 The Archaeological Exploration of Karankawan Adaptation 25
4 Archaeological Evidence for Prehistoric Occupation of Shoreline Fishing Camps 35
5 Karankawan Occupation of the Coastal Prairie Environment 72
6 Reconstructing Prehistoric Karankawan Adaptive Patterns 101
7 Karankawan Adaptive Patterns during the Colonial Era 111
8 The Impacts of European Colonization: Continuity and Change in Karankawan Lifeways 125
9 The Karankawas on the Spanish Colonial Frontier: Seven Decades of Hostilities and the Resolution of Conflict 143
10 The Mission as an Ecological Resource 159
11 The Long-Term Ecological Roots of Adaptive Change 169
Appendix A: Defining the Geographical and Chronological Parameters of the Rockport Phase through Ceramic Analysis 177
Appendix B: Methods of Seasonality Analysis 189
References Cited 195
Index 217
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