Kennewick Man: Perspectives on the Ancient One

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Kennewick Man, known as the Ancient One to Native Americans, has been the lightning rod for conflict between archaeologists and indigenous peoples in the United States. A decade-long legal case pitted scientists against Native American communities and highlighted the shortcomings of the Native American Graves and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), designed to protect Native remains. In this volume, we hear from the many sides of this issue—archaeologists, tribal leaders, and others—as well as views from the international community. The wider implications of the case and its resolution is explored. Comparisons are made to similar cases in other countries and how they have been handled. Appendixes provide the legal decisions, appeals, and chronology to allow full exploration of this landmark legal struggle. An ideal starting point for discussion of this case in anthropology, archaeology, Native American studies, and cultural property law courses. Sponsored by the World Archaeological Congress.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Much relevant scholarship on American Indians today is taking a new approach toward collaborative processes. In the best scenario tribal voices are leading the discussion, no longer treated by outside scholars as subjects of interest but as scholars themselves and as partners in the discourse. No recent case seems to have had a need for these collaborative processes and thoughtful voices to lend themselves to more than that of the case of the Ancient One. The contents of this book reveal a connected series of voices, all of which have either a personal stake in or a well-thought-out and meaningful take on the plight and fate of this nine-thousand-year-old figure. Readers can view this book, with its short, palatable essays, metaphorically as a conversation among friends and interested parties who are perhaps sitting around a virtual coffee table where serious discussion is taking place, with all of the urgency of life, death, and the spiritual realm at stake. The importance of the fact that repatriation is continuing along, progressing from a movement to a wellpracticed implementation of tribal rights and sovereignty, is well emphasized among these pages."

-Jennifer Karson Engum, American Indian Quarterly

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781598743487
  • Publisher: Left Coast Press
  • Publication date: 11/30/2008
  • Series: Archaeology & Indigenous Peoples Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 298
  • Sales rank: 780,689
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Heather Burke is in the Department of Archaeology, Flinders University, and an expert on Australian historical archaeology. In 2010 she was honored as one of Flinders University's top instructors. Claire Smith is in the Department of Archaeology at Flinders University, Australia, and President of the World Archaeological Congress. Dorothy Lippert is in the Repatriation Office of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Joe Watkins is chair of the American Indian Studies Department at University of Oklahoma. Larry Zimmerman is Professor of Anthropology and Museum Studies at Indiana University, Indianapolis.

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Table of Contents

Foreword: The Dead Have No Rights? David Hurst Thomas 9

1 Perspectives on the Ancient One Heather Burke Claire Smith 20


2 Kennewick: A Timeline of Events, 1996-2007 26

3 A Review of Stability in Plateau Culture Area Burial Practices Roderick Sprague 38

Voices of the Tribal Coalition 1

4 Ancient One/Kennewick Man: (Former) Tribal Chair Questions Scientists' Motives and Credibility Donald Sampson 40

5 Human Remains Should Be Reburied Armand Minthorn 42

The Appeal Decision and the Construction of Heritage

Introduction to the Reprint of an Anthropological Perspective on Magistrate Jelderks's Kennewick Man Decision Darby C. Stapp 44

6 An Anthropological Perspective on Magistrate Jelderks's Kennewick Man Decision Peter N. Jones Darby C. Stapp 45

Addendum: The 9th Circuit's Decision on the Kennewick Man Appeal Darby C. Stapp Peter N. Jones 67

7 Law and Bones and What the Meaning of "Is" Is Steve Russell 73

8 Kennewick Man, the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, and the World Archaeological Congress: A Matter of Heritage Law Joel B. Gilman 83

9 Kennewick Man: A Virtual Political Object "Under Construction" Ann M. Kakaliouras 88

10 Are These My People? Guy Moura 94

11 A Voice Must Be Heard Rechanda Lee 96

Voices of the Tribal Coalition 2

12 Respect and Honor John Eli Sirois 99

13 The Ancient One Harvey Moses, Jr. 102

After Kennewick: The Wider Repercussions of NAGPRA

14 Owning Indians: NAGPRA Redux James D. Nason 103

15 Colonizing America: Paleoamericans in the New World Michelle D. Hamilton 128

16 The Law Is an Ass: A Perspective on the Ancient One Thomas F. King 138

17 MyMother Married a White Man Walter BigBee 141

18 Whose Family? Negotiating Stewardship of the Ancestors Pei-Lin Yu 144

Voices of the Tribal Coalition 3

19 Comments Regarding the "Ancient One" Barbara Friedlander Aripa 146

20 An Interview with Adeline Fredin 149

Learning from Kennewick 1: The Case for Science

21 Exploring the Kennewick Connection C. Loring Brace Noriko Seguchi Mary L. Brace 153

22 Kennewick Man and Assessments of "Race" Using a Variety of Research Methods Kristi A. Grinde 169

23 Ancestors, Anthropology, and Knowledge Lynn Copes 173

Voices of the Tribal Coalition 4

24 An Interview with Joe Pakootas 175

The Practice of Archaeology (and Archaeologists)

25 Governing Kennewick Laurajane Smith 178

26 Kennewick Man/the Ancient One: Critical Whiteness and the Practice of Archaeology Jodi Barnes 182

27 Ownership or Stewardship? Cultural Affiliation and Archaeological Ethics as Social Ethics Edward A. Jolie 188

28 Archaeology as Activism Adam Fish 203

29 My Own Personal "Kennewick Man" Ian Thompson 207

30 Kennewick Man: What Does the Future Hold? Deward E. Walker, Jr. 212

31 Archaeology the Tribal Way: Reestablishing the Boundaries of Culture Ora Marek-Martinez 217

Voices of the Tribal Coalition 5

32 An Interview with Connie Johnston 223

33 An Interview with Mary A. Marchand 226

Learning from Kennewick 2: Comparative Case Studies

34 Cultural Return, Restitution, and the Limits of Possibility Lynn Meskell 229

35 Moving beyond Kennewick: Other Native American Perspectives on Bioarchaeological Data and Intellectual Property Rights George P. Nicholas John Jules Carrie Dan 233

36 Voices of the Future: A View from Outside the United States Miguel Aguilar 244

37 Learning from Our Old People and the Politics of Being Indigenous: A Ngarrindjeri Response to the Ancient One Case Christopher Wilson 248

38 Listening and Respecting across Generations and beyond Borders: The Ancient One and Kumarangk (Hindmarsh Island) Steve Hemming Daryle Rigney Christopher Wilson 260

39 Law or Lore? Speaking Sovereignty in the Kennewick Case Sven Ouzman 268

40 Body and Soul: Crossing a Great Distance Alejandro Haber 271


41 Those Funfunfunnybones Roger Echo-Hawk 274

Index 283

About the Authors 293

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