Key Ideas in Criminology and Criminal Justice

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Key Ideas in Criminology and Criminal Justice is an innovative, fascinating treatment of some of the seminal theories in criminology and key policies in criminal justice, offering a detailed and nuanced picture of these core ideas. With a fluid, accessible, and lively writing style, this brief text is organized around major theories, ideas, and movements that mark a turning point in the field, and concludes with a discussion of the future of criminology and criminal justice. Readers will learn about the most salient criminological and criminal justice research and understand its influence on theory and policy. They will also understand the surrounding socio-political conditions from which the ideas sprang and the style and manner in which they weredisseminated , both of which helped these scholarly contributions become cornerstones in the fields of criminology and criminal justice.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781412970136
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 10/12/2010
  • Pages: 208
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Travis C. Pratt, received his Ph.D. in Criminal Justice from the University of Cincinnati. He is currently an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science/Criminal Justice at Washington State University (his previous appointment was as an Assistant Professor in the School of Criminal Justice at Rutgers University- Newark from 2000-2002). Pratt's research focuses on structural theories of crime/delinquency and correctional policy. His recent work on correctional policy in particular has appeared in the Corrections Management Quarterly, Crime and Delinquency, Criminal Justice Policy Review, Journal of Criminal Justice, the Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, the Prison Journal, and Justice Quarterly.

Jacinta M. Gau has a Ph.D. in criminal justice and is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at California State University, San Bernardino. Her research focuses on policing, including procedural justice, order maintenance and broken windows, and issues concerning race and policing. Her work has appeared in journals such as Justice Quarterly, Criminology & Public Policy, Police Quarterly, and Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management.

Travis W. Franklin earned his Ph.D. in criminal justice from Washington State University in 2008 and is currently an assistant professor in the College of Criminal Justice at Sam Houston State University. His research interests focus on the effects of race and ethnicity on the processing of offenders through criminal courts, violence in correctional institutions, the causes and correlates of fear of crime, and biological predictors of crime and delinquency. His recent work has appeared in Criminal Justice and Behavior, Journal of Criminal Justice, Feminist Criminology, and Social Justice Research.

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. Key Idea: Rational Offending and Rational Punishment
The Social Context of Criminal Punishment
Beccaria’s Proposal
Why it Caught On
Influence: The Rise of the Classical School of Criminology
Empirical Analyses and Critiques of Free Will, Rationality, and Deterrence
3. Key Idea: The Science of Criminal Behavior
The Social Context: A Time Without Criminology
The Road to Lombroso
Lombroso and the Body of the Criminal
The Dissemination of Lombroso’s Theories
Criticisms of Lombroso’s Theories
Lombroso’s Influence
4. Key Idea: Understanding Crime and Society
The Social Context of the Early Twentieth Century
Social Disorganization and Anomie/Strain Theories
Rejecting Individualism
The Legacy of Anomie/Strain and Social Disorganization Theories
5. Key Idea: Hirschi’s Social Bond/Social Control Theory
The Social Context of the 1960s
Social Bond/Social Control Theory
The Marketing of Social Bond/Social Control Theory
The Legacy of Social Bond/Social Control Theory
6. Key Idea: Rehabilitation is Dead
The Martinson Report
Social Context
Getting the Word Out
The Influence of the Martinson Report
7. Key Idea: Crime Control Through Selective Incapacitation
The Context: Criminology, Criminal Justice Policy, and Society in the 1970s
James Q. Wilson’s Thinking About Crime
Why it Caught on
Selective Incapacitation’s Effect on Criminal Justice and Criminology: Empirical Tests, Empirical Critiques, and Ethical Dilemmas
8. Key Idea: The Police Can Control Crime
The Context of Criminology and Policing
Broken Windows Theory: Revamping the Police Role
How Broken Windows Theory Reached its Audience
The Influence of Broken Windows Theory
Empirical Tests and Critiques of Broken Windows Theory and Policing
9. Key Idea: The War on Drugs
Winning the War is Easy — Just Say No!
The 1980s in Context
The Magic in “Just Say No”
The Impact of “Just Say No”
10. Key Idea: Rehabilitation—Not Dead Yet
The Principles of Risk, Need, and Responsivity
Social Context
Disseminating the Principles of Effective Rehabilitation
The Impact of Meta-Analysis and the Principles of Effective Rehabilitation
11. Key Idea: Crime and the Life Course
The Criminological Context of the Early 1990s
Life Course Theories in Criminology
Constructing Testable Theories
Life Course Theory Catches On
12. Looking Back, Looking Forward: Conclusions
Looking Back: The Glaring Omissions?
The Legitimate Contenders
Looking Forward: The Future of Criminology and Criminal Justice

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