Key Ideas in Sociology / Edition 1

Key Ideas in Sociology / Edition 1

by Peter Kivisto
     
 

ISBN-10: 080399088X

ISBN-13: 9780803990883

Pub. Date: 07/22/1997

Publisher: SAGE Publications

Kivisto (sociology, Augustana College) follows the course of key concepts that have shaped sociological discourse from the founding period in the 19th century to the present, and examines four key ideas that have played a central role: industrial society, democracy, individualism, and modernity. These concepts are connected to the pioneering figures of sociological

Overview

Kivisto (sociology, Augustana College) follows the course of key concepts that have shaped sociological discourse from the founding period in the 19th century to the present, and examines four key ideas that have played a central role: industrial society, democracy, individualism, and modernity. These concepts are connected to the pioneering figures of sociological theory. This second edition includes a new concluding chapter on globalization, a new timeline, and more coverage of theoretical ideas and contributions from women and minorities. Chapter summaries and review questions are also new. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780803990883
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Publication date:
07/22/1997
Series:
Sociology Series
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
200
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Time Line x

Acknowledgments xiii

1 Key Ideas About the Social World 1

Conceptualizing Contemporary Society 3

Industrial Society 3

Democracy 4

Individualism 5

Modernity 5

Careers of Ideas 6

Key Ideas and the Field of Sociology 7

Tools for Understanding Social Trends 8

2 Industrial Society: From the Satanic Mills to the Digital Age 11

The Industrial Revolution 12

The Permanent Exile Karl Marx 14

The Intellectual Context of Marx's Ideas 16

The Analyst of Capitalist Industrial Society 19

Marxism After Marx 28

Counterimages of Capitalist Industrial Society: Shifts in the Class Structure 34

Joseph Schumpeter and the Achilles' Heel of Capitalism 35

The Iconoclastic Social Theory of Thorstein Veblen 37

The Academic Outlaw C. Wright Mills 40

Daniel Bell on the Advent of Postindustrial Society 45

On the Transition to Postindustrial Society 47

Critical Responses to Bell 49

Summary 51

3 Democracy: From the Fall of the Bastille to the Fall of the Berlin Wall 53

Prophet, Pessimist, and Realist Max Weber 55

The Divided Soul of Max Weber 56

The Iron Cage: The Economic Undergirding of Modern Democratic Politics 61

Democracy Versus Bureaucracy 65

Herrschaft 69

Politics as a Vocation 70

Talcott Parsons on the Democratic Prospect 71

Parsonian Thought in the Context of His Times 72

Parsons as an Advocate of Social Reform 73

Democracy Under Attack 74

Citizenship in a Democracy 75

Capitalism Versus Democracy? Lipset and Beyond 78

From Alcove No. 1 to the Hoover Institution 79

Economic Development and Democracy 79

Class Structure of Democratic Polities 80

Critical Theory of Jürgen Habermas 82

Democracy and the Public Sphere 84

The Fate of the Public Sphere in Late Capitalism 87

Deepening Democracy: The Colonization of the Life World and the New Social Movements 88

The Civil Sphere: Solidarity and Justice 90

Summary 92

4 Individualism: The Tension Between Me and Us 93

Alexis de Tocqueville on Individualism 95

America as a Model of Europe's Future 96

Destructive Individualism 98

Ferdinand Toennies on Community 99

Toennies's Ideas in the Context of His Life 100

Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft 101

Émile Durkheim and the Quest for Community 103

Bases of Solidarity 104

The Distinctiveness of Durkheim's Ideas 105

The Division of Labor 106

Suicide 107

The Dreyfus Affair and Individualism 113

Durkheim in America 115

Merton's Elaboration of Durkheimian Themes 115

The Lonely Crowd in Mass Society 118

Habits of a New Generation's Heart 123

Goffman on the Sacred Character of the Individual 126

Summary 129

5 Modernity: From the Promise of Modern Society to Postmodern Suspicions 131

Modernity and Postmodernity: Provisional Definitions 132

The Ambiguous Legacy of Georg Simmel 134

Academic Marginality 135

Simmel on the Culture of Modernity 137

Robert E. Park and the Chicago School 144

Race Relations in the Modern World 146

Race as a Social Construct 148

Postmodernism and Sociological Theory 150

The Exhaustion of Grand Narratives 151

Political Orientation of Postmodernists 152

The Real and the Hyperreal in Postmodern Culture 153

Liquid Modernity 158

Anthony Giddens and the Late Modern Age 159

Structuration Theory 161

Consequences of Modernity 163

Summary 167

6 Globalization: Key Ideas in a Global Framework 169

The Need to Think Globally 172

The Emerging Global Economy 173

Globalization and Democracy 176

Toward a Global Culture 181

The Lasting Impact of the Sociological Tradition 184

Review Questions 185

References 189

Index 213

About the Author 223

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