Keywords In Evolutionary Biology / Edition 1

Keywords In Evolutionary Biology / Edition 1

by Evelyn Fox Keller
     
 

ISBN-10: 0674503139

ISBN-13: 9780674503137

Pub. Date: 08/19/1998

Publisher: Harvard University Press

In science, more than elsewhere, a word is expected to mean what it says, nothing more, nothing less. But scientific discourse is neither different nor separable from ordinary language--meanings are multiple, ambiguities ubiquitous. Keywords in Evolutionary Biology grapples with this problem in a field especially prone to the confusion engendered by semantic

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Overview

In science, more than elsewhere, a word is expected to mean what it says, nothing more, nothing less. But scientific discourse is neither different nor separable from ordinary language--meanings are multiple, ambiguities ubiquitous. Keywords in Evolutionary Biology grapples with this problem in a field especially prone to the confusion engendered by semantic imprecision.

Written by historians, philosophers, and biologists--including, among others, Stephen Jay Gould, Diane Paul, John Beatty, Robert Richards, Richard Lewontin, David Sloan Wilson, Peter Bowler, and Richard Dawkins--these essays identify and explicate those terms in evolutionary biology which, though commonly used, are plagues by multiple concurrent and historically varying meanings. By clarifying these terms in their many guises, the editors Evelyn Fox Keller and Elisabeth Lloyd hope to focus attention on major scholarly problems in the field--problems sometimes obscured, sometimes reveals, and sometimes even created by the use of such equivocal words. "Competition," "adaptation," and "fitness," for instance, are among the terms whose multiple meaning have led to more than merely semantic debates in evolutionary biology.

Exploring the complexity of keywords and clarifying their role in prominent issues in the field, this book will prove invaluable to scientists and philosophers trying to come to terms with evolutionary theory; it will also serve as a useful guide to future research into the way in which scientific language works.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780674503137
Publisher:
Harvard University Press
Publication date:
08/19/1998
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
432
Product dimensions:
0.88(w) x 6.14(h) x 9.21(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

Contributors

Introduction

Evelyn Fox Keller and Elisabeth A. Lloyd

ADAPTATION: Historical Perspectives

Richard M. Burian

ADAPTATION: Current Usages

Mary Jane West-Eberhard

ALTRUISM: Theoretical Contexts

Alexander Rosenberg

ALTRUISM: Contemporary Debates

David Sloan Wilson and Lee A. Dugatkin

ALTRUISM: Some Theoretical Ambiguities

Marcy K. Uyenoyama and Marcus W. Feldman

CHARACTER: Historical Perspectives

Lindley Darden

CHARACTER: Current Usages

Kurt Fristrup

COMMUNITY

Peter Taylor

COMPETITION: Historical Perspectives

Robert McIntosh

COMPETITION: Current Usages

Evelyn Fox Keller

DARWINISM

Michael Ruse

ENVIRONMENT

Robert N. Brandon

EPISTASIS

Michael J. Wade

EUGENICS

Daniel J. Kevles

EVOLUTION

Robert J. Richards

EXTINCTION

John Damuth

FITNESS: Historical Perspectives

Diane Paul

FITNESS: Theoretical Contexts

John Beatty

FITNESS: Reproductive Ambiguities

Evelyn Fox Keller

GENE: Historical Perspectives

Jane Maienschein

GENE: Current Usages

Philip Kitcher

GENETIC LOAD

James F. Crow

GENOTYPE AND PHENOTYPE

Richard C. Lewontin

GROUP SELECTION

David Sloan Wilson

HERITABILITY: Historical Perspectives

Michael J. Wade

HERITABILITY: Some Theoretical Ambiguities

Marcus W. Feldman

HETEROCHRONY

Stephen Jay Gould

HETEROSIS

Diane Paul

HOMOLOGY

Michael J. Donoghue

INDIVIDUAL

David L. Hull

LAMARCKISM

Peter J. Bowler

MACROMUTATION

Michael R. Dietrich

MONOPHYLY

Elliott Sober

MUTUALISM AND COOPERATION

Douglas H. Boucher

NATURAL SELECTION: Historical Perspectives

M. J. S. Hodge

NATURAL SELECTION: Current Usages

John A. Endler

NEUTRALISM

Motoo Kimura

NICHE: Historical Perspectives

James R. Griesemer

NICHE: A Bifurcation in the Conceptual Lineage of the Term

Robert K. Colwell

PARSIMONY

Elliott Sober

PHENOTYPIC PLASTICITY

Deborah M. Gordon

PROGRESS

Richard Dawkins

RANDOM DRIFT

John Beatty

RESOURCE

Peter Abrams

SEXUAL SELECTION: Historical Perspectives

Helena Cronin

SEXUAL SELECTION: Contemporary Debates

Hamish G. Spencer and Judith C. Masters

SPECIES: Historical Perspectives

Peter F. Stevens

SPECIES: Theoretical Contexts

John Dupré

SPECIES: Current Usages

Mary B. Williams

TELEOLOGY

James G. Lennox

UNIT OF SELECTION

Elisabeth A. Lloyd

References

Index

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