Kierkegaard's Fragments and Postscript : The Religious Philosophy of Johannes Climacus

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781573923026
  • Publisher: Prometheus Books
  • Publication date: 12/28/1998
  • Pages: 1
  • Sales rank: 1,450,260
  • Product dimensions: 5.40 (w) x 8.40 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

Explanation of Primary Source Citations xi
Preface xiii
I. Reading Kierkegaard's Pseudonymous Literature
1. Writing About Kierkegaard 1
2. The Specific Character of this Book: How it Differs from Some Others 3
3. Getting Started: The Problem of Pseudonymity 6
4. Indirect Communication and Subjective Understanding: A First Look 9
5. Existence-Spheres and Pseudonymity 11
II. Reading Johannes Climacus
1. Hegel and Christianity 17
2. Climacus' Personal Characteristics: A "Humoristic, Experimental Psychologist" 21
3. The Fragments as an Example of an "Experiment" 24
4. The Postscript: Combatting Intellectualism and "Christendom" 28
III. Existence and Existence Spheres: Climacus' Reading of Kierkegaard's Pseudonymous Literature
1. The Aesthetic Life 33
2. The Ethical Life: Existence and Passion 36
3. Religious Existence 41
4. The Nature of the Spheres of Existence 46
5. Climacus and Kierkegaard Again: Viewing the Pseudonyms 49
IV. Existence and Passion: "Reduplicating" Eternity in Time
1. Existence as a Contrasting Synthesis 55
2. The Eternal 59
3. Is Climacus a Metaphysician? 64
4. Temporality 66
5. Passion 68
V. Existence and the Ethical: Becoming a Self
1. The Ethical as the Sphere of Responsible Choice 73
2. "Soul-Making" vs. "Society-Transforming" Ethics 75
3. Are Ethical "Results" Important? 78
4. The Content of the Ethical Task: Supplying Matter for the Ethical Form 81
5. Soul-Making Ethics: A Humanistic Ethic for Today? 86
VI. Subjectivity and Communication
1. Communication and Existence 95
2. Objective and Subjective Communication 96
3. Is Subjective Reflection Thought or Action? 98
4. A Type of Subjective Understanding That IS Equivalent to Action: Existential Understanding 100
5. Communicating Subjectivity: The Concept of the Maieutic 102
6. Methods for Communicating Indirectly 105
7. Types of Maieutic Communicators 107
8. A Critical Note: Communication as a Relational Concept 111
VII. Truth and Subjectivity
1. Truth and Salvation 115
2. Classical Theories of Truth and Their Limitations 116
3. Truth and Existence 119
4. Moral and Religious Truth as "Essential Truth": Can a Life be True? 123
5. Does Subjective Truth Exclude Objective Truth? 127
6. Truth as a Function of Passion 131
7. Subjectivity as Untruth: The Christian Perspective 133
VIII. Immanent Religion (1): God and an Eternal Happiness
1. Philosophical Reflection on the Religious Life 137
2. Religion and Ethics 139
3. An Eternal Happiness and the Absolute Telos 141
4. An Eternal Happiness as a God-Relationship 147
IX. Immanent Religion (2): Resignation, Suffering, and Guilt
1. The Religious Life as a Process 161
2. Negativity 162
3. The Initial Task: Resignation and "the Absolute Commitment to the Absolute" 163
4. Suffering 168
5. "Spiritual Trial" and the Transcending of the Ethical Stage 173
6. Guilt 176
X. Irony and Humor: Some Boundary Situations
1. Irony and Humor as Existential Transition Zones 185
2. Contradiction and Negativity in Life 187
3. Culture and Reflection: Is the Theory of Existence-Spheres Universal or Applicable Only to an Elite? 190
4. Irony 192
5. Re-thinking the Existence-Spheres: Where to Place Humor in Relation to Religiousness 195
6. Humor as Recollection and "Revoking": Climacus as Humorist 201
XI. Transcendent Religion (1): Reason and the Paradox
1. Climacus and Christianity: Existence-Communication 207
2. Can Faith Be Rationally Examined? 210
3. Logic and the Paradox: Is the Paradox a Formal Contradction? 212
4. Is the Paradox an Apparent Contradiction? 219
5. The Paradox as the Boundary of Reason 222
6. The Perfect Synthesis of Time and Eternity: "The Strangest of All Things" 225
7. The Paradox: Against and/or Above Reason? 232
8. Kierkegaard and Climacus on the Paradox 237
9. The Functions of the Paradox 240
XII. Transcendent Religion (2): Faith and History
1. Introduction 247
2. Faith and Historical Evidence 251
(1) Faith as Not Based on Historical Evidence
(2) Faith as Built on Historical Evidence
3. The Nature of Faith 260
(1) Faith in the Ordinary Sense
(2) Faith in the Eminent Sense
4. Faith and Sin-Consciousness 271
5. The Leap 274
6. Can Faith Be Understood? 277
XIII. Conclusions: Objectivity and Subjectivity in Human Existence
1. The Inner and the Outer 281
2. The Ethical Life 287
3. The Natural Religious Life 287
4. Christian Existence 289
Selected Bibliography 293
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