Kinematics of Human Motion / Edition 1

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Overview

"

This book is the first major text on the kinematics of human motion and is written by one of the world's leading authorities on the subject.

The book begins with careful descriptions of how to study human body position and displacement without regard to time, velocity, or acceleration. Then Dr. Zatsiorsky examines differential kinematics of human motion by ""adding"" the variables of velocity and acceleration in simple and complex biokinematic chains and by adding the variable of three-dimensional movement to the study of multilink chains. The book includes the three-dimensional analysis of 26 specific human joints, from the temporomandibular joint to the joints of the midfoot.

While the book is advanced and assumes a knowledge of calculus and matrix algebra, the emphasis is on explaining movement concepts, not mathematical formulae. The text features 23 refreshers of the basic concepts and many practical examples. The book is well illustrated and clearly written as the author skillfully integrates mechanical models with biological experiments.

The foremost biomechanist of the former Soviet Union, and a professor at The Pennsylvania State University since 1991, Vladimir Zatsiorsky shares his 35 years of research and teaching in biomechanics in what may well be the most important biomechanics book of the 1990s.

"

The book contains black-and-white illustrations.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Eugene W. Brown, PhD (Michigan State University)
Description: This book on the kinematics of human movement provides technical background essential for understanding the location and movement of body parts in three dimensional space.
Purpose: It is intended to fill the gap between graduate texts that cover methods of biomechanics research and biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system. A text that consolidates information from various fields of study and meets the author's stated objectives is needed by many people who come to biomechanics from various fields. This text has done an excellent job of filling this void in providing information on the kinematics of human movement.
Audience: It is written for readers "seriously interested in human movement" and for "future specialists who wish to read about human movement from a biomechanical perspective." The author accomplishes this goal in relation to kinematics. However, there continues to be a void in the amalgamation of materials into a text on the kinetics of human movement. Hopefully, this very credible authority will fill this void in subsequent volumes.
Features: Pertinent illustrations are appropriately represented. The table of contents and index are easy to read. Major headings are included in the table of contents and subheadings are provided in the body of the text. The physical appearance of the text is excellent. Features that contribute to the text's utility are "Refreshers," materials "from the Sciences," "Questions for Review" at the end of the chapters, and the supporting bibliographies.
Assessment: This unique resource amalgamates kinematic information on the biomechanics of human movement. It is directed to individuals who are interested in studying and/or conducting research in biomechanics. To understand the content of this text, individuals should have previously studied anatomy, calculus, and matrix algebra. I would recommend the purchase of this book to its intended audience.
Eugene W. Brown
This book on the kinematics of human movement provides technical background essential for understanding the location and movement of body parts in three dimensional space. It is intended to fill the gap between graduate texts that cover methods of biomechanics research and biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system. A text that consolidates information from various fields of study and meets the author's stated objectives is needed by many people who come to biomechanics from various fields. This text has done an excellent job of filling this void in providing information on the kinematics of human movement. It is written for readers "seriously interested in human movement" and for "future specialists who wish to read about human movement from a biomechanical perspective." The author accomplishes this goal in relation to kinematics. However, there continues to be a void in the amalgamation of materials into a text on the kinetics of human movement. Hopefully, this very credible authority will fill this void in subsequent volumes. Pertinent illustrations are appropriately represented. The table of contents and index are easy to read. Major headings are included in the table of contents and subheadings are provided in the body of the text. The physical appearance of the text is excellent. Features that contribute to the text's utility are "Refreshers," materials "from the Sciences," "Questions for Review" at the end of the chapters, and the supporting bibliographies. This unique resource amalgamates kinematic information on the biomechanics of human movement. It is directed to individuals who are interested in studying and/or conducting research in biomechanics. To understand thecontent of this text, individuals should have previously studied anatomy, calculus, and matrix algebra. I would recommend the purchase of this book to its intended audience.
Booknews
The first of a series of textbooks for one-semester courses for students of human movement science, exercise and sport science, biomechanics, and related subjects. Assumes a knowledge of calculus and matrix algebra. Describes how to study human body position and displacement without regard to time, velocity, or acceleration, then adds those factors back in to examine differential kinematics. Includes review questions and a glossary without pronunciation. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.

4 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780880116763
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
  • Publication date: 9/9/1997
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 432
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.22 (d)

Meet the Author

Vladimir M. Zatsiorsky, PhD, is a world-renowned expert in the biomechanics of human motion. He has been a professor in the Department of Kinesiology at The Pennsylvania State University since 1991. He also is the director of the university's biomechanics laboratory.

Prior to coming to North America in 1990, Dr. Zatsiorsky served for 18 years as professor and department chair of the Department of Biomechanics at the Central Institute of Physical Culture in Moscow. For 26 years he served as consultant to the national Olympic teams of the USSR. He also was director of the USSR's All-Union Research Institute of Physical Culture for three years.

In addition to his academic pursuits in the classroom, laboratory, and field, Dr. Zatsiorsky is a prolific writer who has authored or coauthored more than 240 scientific papers and several books on various aspects of biomechanics. In recognition of his achievements, he has received several awards, including the Geoffrey Dyson Award from the International Society of Biomechanics in Sport (the society's highest honor) and the USSR's National Gold Medal for the Best Scientific Research in Sport in 1976 and 1982.

Dr. Zatsiorsky is a member of the American Society of Biomechanics and the International Society of Biomechanics.

He and his wife Rita live in State College, Pennsylvania. They have two children and two grandchildren.

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Table of Contents

"

Preface
Acknowledgments
Notations and Conventions

Chapter 1. Kinematic Geometry of Human Motion: Body Position and Displacement
1.1 Defining body location
1.1.1 The coordinate method
1.1.2 Cartesian versus oblique coordinates
1.2 Defining body orientation
1.2.1 Fixation of a local system with a rigid body
1.2.2 Fixation of a somatic system with a human body
1.2.3 Indirect method of defining body orientation
1.2.4 What is ""body rotation""?
1.2.5 Describing position and displacement
1.2.6 Advantages and disadvantages of the various angular conventions
1.2.7 Determining body position from experimental recordings
1.3 Three-dimensional representation of human movement: Eye movement
1.3.1 Eye orientation
1.3.2 Motions actually made by the human eye (Donders' law and Listing's law)
1.3.3 Rotation surfaces. The laws obeyed by the pointing head and arm movements
1.4 Summary
1.5 Questions for Review
1.6 Bibliography

Chapter 2. Kinematic Geometry of Human Motion: Body Posture
2.1 Joint configuration
2.1.1 Technical and somatic systems
2.1.2 The clinical reference system
2.1.3 Globographic representation
2.1.4 Segment coordinate systems
2.1.5 Joint rotation convention
2.2 Kinematic chains
2.2.1 Degrees of freedom. Mobility of kinematic chains
2.2.2 Open kinematic chains: The end-effector mobility
2.2.3 Kinematics models and mobility of the human body
2.2.4 Constraints on human movements
2.2.5 Position analysis of kinematic chains
2.3 Biological solutions to kinematic problems
2.3.1 Internal representation of the immediate extrapersonal space
2.3.2 Internal representation of the body posture
2.4 Summary
2.5 Questions for Review
2.6 Bibliography

Chapter 3. Differential Kinematics of Human Movement
3.1 Velocity of a kinematic chain
3.1.1 Planar movement
3.1.2 Motion in three dimensions
3.2 Acceleration of a kinematic chain
3.2.1 Acceleration of a planar two-link chain
3.2.2 Acceleration of a two-link chain in three dimensions
3.2.3 Acceleration of a multi-link chain
3.2.4 Jerk and snap
3.3 Biological solutions to the problems of differential kinematics: Control of movement velocity
3.3.1 Control of approach: The tau hypothesis
3.3.2 Control of velocity in reaching movement
3.4 Summary
3.5 Questions for Review
3.6 Bibliography

Chapter 4. Joint Geometry and Joint Kinematics
4.1 Intrajoint kinematics
4.1.1 Articular surfaces and types of joints
4.1.2 Movement of articular surfaces
4.1.3 Geometry and algebra of intra-articular motion
4.1.4 Ligaments and joint motion: A joint as a mechanical linkage
4.2 Centers and axes of rotation
4.2.1 Planar joint movement
4.2.2 Three-dimensional joint movement
4.3 Summary
4.4 Questions for Review
4.5 Bibliography

Chapter 5. Kinematics of Individual Joints
5.1 Nominal joint axes
5.2 The joints of the foot
5.2.1 Metatarsophalangeal joints. The foot as a two-speed construction
5.2.2 The joints of the midfoot
5.3 The ankle joint complex
5.3.1 The talocrural joint
5.3.2 The subtalar joint
5.4 The knee
5.4.1 The tibiofemoral joint
5.4.2 The patellofemoral joint
5.5 The hip joint and the pelvic girdle
5.6 The spine
5.6.1 Movement in synarthroses
5.6.2 The lumbar and thoracic spine
5.6.3 The cervical region: Head and neck movement
5.6.4 The rib cage
5.7 The shoulder complex
5.7.1 Individual joints
5.7.2 Movement of the shoulder complex: The scapulohumeral rhythm
5.8 The elbow complex
5.8.1 Flexion and extension
5.8.2 Supination and pronation
5.9 The wrist
5.10 The joints of the hand
5.10.1 The joints of the thumb
5.10.2 The joints of the fingers
5.11 The temporomandibular joint
5.12 Summary
5.13 Questions for Review
5.14 Bibliography

Glossary
Index
About the Author

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