The Kleinian Development


This classic text derives from lectures delivered at the Institute of Psycho-Analysis, London and the Tavistock Clinic (1965-78). It is divided into 3 clear parts that examine, in turn, the writings of Sigmund Freud, Melanie Klein and Wilfred Bion.

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The Kleinian Development

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This classic text derives from lectures delivered at the Institute of Psycho-Analysis, London and the Tavistock Clinic (1965-78). It is divided into 3 clear parts that examine, in turn, the writings of Sigmund Freud, Melanie Klein and Wilfred Bion.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Like Borges, who preferred to be remembered as a good reader rather than a writer, Meltzer was an excellent creative reader, as one can appreciate in this superb account of the work of Freud, Melanie Klein and Bion.”

”Meltzer’s beautifully written text traces a line of development in psychoanalysis from Freud through Abraham to Klein and Bion, focusing on their methods of observation, clinical work and emerging theories. By highlighting points of congruence and difference and significant shifts in understanding, he outlines a continuity of clinical method and thought that has come to be known as the ‘Kleinian Development’. This text is an invaluable companion to the readings of Freud, Klein and Bion for all students of psychoanalysis, for clinicians and for all those interested in the development of psychoanalytic thinking.”

”To really appreciate the originality of Meltzer’s thinking, one needs to grasp how deeply his ideas are rooted in the psychoanalytic tradition. This book provides a close reading of classical texts by Freud, Klein and Bion–what Meltzer calls the ‘Kleinian Development’–with an emphasis on case material. With Meltzer as guide we can discover a wealth of object-relational themes in Freud, themes that seem more evident today than in the early years of psychoanalysis. In Part 1 of the book we follow the tension between Freud’s truthfully written clinical observations and a theory not always capable of apprehending these findings, and see how this tension became a challenge to the next generation of analysts, among them Klein. In Part 2, a week-by-week account of her ‘Narrative of a Child Analysis’, Klein’s clinical notes provide a rare opportunity to get very close to the clinical process. Meltzer throws new light on this material and shows the development in Kleinian and post-Kleinian thinking through the oscillations between clinical observations and model-making. Part 3 may serve as an introduction to Bion, but this is very much the Bion of Meltzer, and it leads the way to his later more original work. In this book Meltzer’s deep appreciation of his former masters comes forth clearly, but in a form that is very much alive and challenging."

"The Kleinian Development is based on transcripts of seminars given during the '60s and '70s at the Tavistock Clinic to child psychotherapists in training and at the Institute of Psychoanalysis. [Meltzer’s] voice echoes through the pages, eliciting memories of the many occasions on which he offered his audience the benefit of his observational skill and sometimes startling intuitions. For clinicians, whether students of the psychoanalytic method or experienced practitioners, this work provides a source of enlightenment which will become increasingly satisfying the more it is read.”

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781855756786
  • Publisher: Karnac Books
  • Publication date: 6/28/2008
  • Series: Harris Meltzer Trust Series
  • Pages: 256
  • Sales rank: 1,191,819
  • Product dimensions: 5.80 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Meet the Author

Donald Meltzer (1923–2004) is widely known as a psychoanalyst and teacher throughout Europe and South America. He is the author of many works on psychoanalytic theory and practice, including The Psychoanalytical Process, Sexual States of Mind, Explorations in Autism, The Kleinian Development, Dream Life, Studies in Extended Metapsychology, and The Claustrum.

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Table of Contents

Introduction; PART ONE: FREDU’S CLINICAL DEVELOPMENT (METHOD—DATA—THEORY) Acknowledgements; Introduction; I) 1895 Why History?; II) 1900 The Spiral of Method and Data (Studies on Hysteria); III) 1901 The Crystallization of the Method Dream Analysis (Dora); IV) 1905 Freud’s Theory of Sexuality; V) 1909 The Case History of Little Hans (Infantile Neurosis); VI) 1909 The Rat Man (Obsessional Neurosis); VII) 1910 The Leonardo Paper (Narcissism); VIII) 1911 The Schreber Case (Inner World); IX) 1914 Mourning and Melancholia (Identification Processes); X) 1918 The Wolf Man (The Primal Scene); XI) 1919 The Child Being Beaten (The Perversions); XII) 1920 Beyond the Pleasure Principle and Group Psychology (The Ego-Ideal); XIII) 1923 The Ego and the Id (The Advent of the Structural Theory); XIV) 1926 The Last Years (Anxiety and the Economics of the Mind); PART TWO: RICHARD WEEK-BY-WEEK (A CRITIQUE OF THE ‘NARRATIVE OF A CHILD ANALYSIS’ AND A REVIEW OF MELANIE KLEIN’S WORK) Acknowledgements; Introduction; I) First Week—Sessions 1-6 Establishing the Analytic Situation; Evolution of the Concepts: Paranoid-Schizoid and Depressive Positions; II) Second Week—Sessions 7-12 The Developmental Role of the Thirst for Knowledge; III) Third Week—Sessions 13-18 ‘Envy and Gratitude” as the Organizing Postscript to the Body of Melanie Klein’s Theoretical Work; IV) Fourth Week—Sessions 19-24 Unconscious Phantasies as Mechanisms of Defence, with Special Reference to Obsessional Mechanisms; V) Fifth Week—Sessions 25-29 The Anxieties of the Paranoid-Schizoid Position: Paranoid Anxiety, Persecutory Anxiety, Persecutory Depression; VI) Sixth Week—Sessions 30-33 The Development of the Concept of Reparation: True, Manic and Mock Reparation; VII) Seventh Week—Sessions 34-39 Concepts of Confusion—Their Absence in the Work with Richard and its Consequence; VIII) Eight Week—Sessions 40-45 The Phenomenology of Hypochondria: Its Differentiation from Psychosomatic Phenomena or Somatic Delusions; IX) Ninth Week—Sessions 46-52 Splitting and Idealization: Its Role in Development and its Defects’ Contribution to the Psychopathology; X) Tenth Week—Sessions 53-59 The Composition of Intolerance to Frustration—Review of the Ten Weeks’ Work; XI) Eleventh Week—Sessions 60-65 The Clinical Manifestations of Splitting Processes and the Structural Meaning of Integration, with Special Reference to the Concept of Ambivalence; XII) Twelfth Week—Sessions 66-71 The Role of Interpretation in the Therapeutic Process; XIII) Thirteenth Week—Sessions 72-77 The Relation of Ambivalence to the Experience of Depressive Pain; XIV) Fourteenth Week—Sessions 78-83 Technical Problems Related to Countertransference; XV) Fifteenth Week—Sessions 84-49 The Concept of the Combined Object and its Impact of Development; XVI) Sixteenth Week—Sessions 90-93 The Achievements of the Analysis, with Special Reference to Dependence on Internal Objects; PART THREE: THE CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF THE WORK OF BION Acknowledgements; Introduction; I) Experiences in Groups; II) Re-view of Group Dynamics and The Imaginary Twin; III) The Schizophrenia Papers; IV) Approach to a Theory of Thinking; V) Alpha-Function and Beta-Elements; VI) Container and Contained—The Prototype of Learning; VII) The Elements of Psycho-analysis and Psycho-analytical Objects; VIII) The Role of Myth in the Employment of Thoughts; IX) Psych-analytical Observation and the Theory of Transformations; X) Analytic Truth and the Operation of Multiple Vertices; XI) “Learning About” as a Resistance to “Becoming”; XII) The Bondage of Memory and Desire; XIII) The Psycho-analytic Couple and the Group; XIV) Review: Catastrophic Change and the Mechanisms of Defence; Appendix: A Note on Bion’s Concept “reversal of Alpha-function”—Donald Meltzer; Index.

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