Knights and Warhorses: Military Service and the English Aristocracy under Edward III

Overview

The mounted, armoured knight is one of the most potent symbols of medieval civilisation; indeed, for much of the middle ages the armoured warhorse was what defined a man as a member of the military class. However, despite the status of the knightly warrior in medieval society, the military service of the later medieval English aristocracy remains an unaccountably neglected subject, and the warhorse itself has never attracted a major study based upon archival sources. This book seeks to open up new fields of ...
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Overview

The mounted, armoured knight is one of the most potent symbols of medieval civilisation; indeed, for much of the middle ages the armoured warhorse was what defined a man as a member of the military class. However, despite the status of the knightly warrior in medieval society, the military service of the later medieval English aristocracy remains an unaccountably neglected subject, and the warhorse itself has never attracted a major study based upon archival sources. This book seeks to open up new fields of research: it focuses on the horse inventories, documents which offer detailed lists of men-at-arms and their appraised warhorses, the valuation of which is a measure of its owner's social and military status. Dr Ayton is primarily concerned with the inventories and related records for Edward III's reign, a period which witnessed significant changes in the organisation of the English fighting machine. The documents produced during this period of 'military revolution' cast valuable light on the character and attitudes of the aristocratic military community at a time when its traditional role was in the course of re-evaluation.Dr ANDREW AYTON is senior lecturer in history at the University of Hull.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780851157399
  • Publisher: Boydell & Brewer, Limited
  • Publication date: 4/22/1999
  • Pages: 320
  • Product dimensions: 0.67 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 6.14 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Tables
Abbreviations
Preface
Introduction 1
1 The Military Revolution in Edwardian England 9
2 The Warhorse and Aristocratic Society 26
The image of the aristocratic warrior in fourteenth-century England 26
The English warhorse in the fourteenth century: the sources 38
3 The Horse Inventories: Documents and Administrative Processes 49
Inventories and restauro equorum accounts 49
The appraisal of warhorses 50
Compensation for losses 71
4 Restauro Equorum, Vadia Guerre and the Profits of War 84
Pay and the appraisal of warhorses: the reigns of Edward I and Edward II 84
A period of experiment: the reign of Edward III 96
The end of restauro equorum 120
5 The Personnel of Edwardian Armies: An Assessment of the Sources 138
The vadia guerre accounts 138
Letters of protection, charters of pardon and muster rolls 156
The horse inventories 169
6 The Warhorses of the Edwardian Aristocracy 194
Chronological overview 194
The reliability of the evidence 198
The warhorse in fourteenth-century England: rise and decline 209
Knights and esquires 224
Captains and retinues 229
App. 1. The Scottish Campaign, 1336 257
App. 2. The Breton Campaign, 1342-43 258
App. 3. The Reims Campaign, 1359-60 265
Bibliography 272
Index 291
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