Knowing China / Edition 1

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Overview

This book offers an insight into China through its history, culture, people, economy, education, science and technology, as well as government and political system. The author also compares the "twin" cities of Hong Kong and Shanghai, and describes places of interest in the world's most populous country. In addition, he offers a glimpse of the delicate China-US relations, highlighting partnership opportunities between the two giant economies. The book is based on the author's knowledge accumulated over five decades of research, teaching, traveling, directing projects of China, and working with Chinese government officials, educators, academics and entrepreneurs.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789812386793
  • Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 2/28/2004
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 268
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.94 (h) x 0.56 (d)

Table of Contents

About the author
Preface
List of figures
1 Some facets of China's history 1
Shang, 1766-1121 BC - advanced culture and rich human resources 1
Zhou, 1122-211 BC - golden period of development of Chinese thoughts 3
Qin, 200 BC - national unification and strong government 4
Han, 206 BC-220 AD - large empire and adoption of Confucianism ; a great historian 5
Three kingdoms, 220-80; Jin, 265-420; and succession of dynasties, 304-589 9
Tang, 618-901 - trade, Buddhism and poetry 10
Song, 960-1126 - a flourishing capitalist economy 11
Yuan, 1279-1368 - rule by Mongols but Han culture survived 12
Ming, 1368-1644 - overseas explorations 13
Qing, 1644-1911 - impact of Western and Japanese imperialism 14
The republic of China, 1911 - political disunity, wars and economic progress 16
The People's Republic of China, 1949-present - from a planned to a market economy 22
Two disastrous political movements 23
Economic reform initiated in 1978 26
2 Culture and daily life 31
Food and cooking 32
Calligraphy and painting 33
Handicraft, furniture, China, and other forms of art 37
Architecture - buildings and gardens 38
Martial arts and performing arts 39
Chinese medicine and ways of healing 42
Literature 43
Philosophy 45
Confucian philosophy and daily life 47
Individual conduct 47
Family relationship 48
Social order 49
Concluding remarks 50
3 The economy 53
China's economy before 1949 53
Chinese economy at present 55
Size of the economy 57
Accuracy of Chinese official statistics 59
Fundamental factors of China's economic growth 63
High quality and abundance of human capital 64
Market institutions 65
Availability of modern technology to a latecomer 66
Income inequality 67
Strength and weaknesses of China's economic institutions 70
The banking system 71
The state enterprises 73
Moral basis of China's legal system 75
Social network - Guanxi 77
Respect for patents and intellectual property rights 78
China's legal and economic institutions 79
4 The Chinese people 85
Who are the Chinese 85
The Chinese in mainland China 85
Ethnic diversity and discrimination 87
Status of women 88
Effect of the cultural revolution on behavior 89
Abuse of economic power 92
Chinese outside of mainland China 94
Overseas Chinese in general 94
Chinese in Hong Kong 95
Chinese in the United States 100
Chinese in Taiwan 103
China's population problem 105
The Chinese government considers a large population a problem 106
How many Chinese are too many 107
Can China afford to have more children 109
A large population has its advantages 113
More people means more power and influence 113
Favorable scale effects of a very large population 114
5 Education, science and technology 115
Historical background of formal educational institutions 115
Education in the People's Republic of China 119
Education reform after 1978 122
Quality of university faculties 123
Institutional characteristics of China's universities 127
Non-government educational institutions 130
Family education and self education 132
Distinguished features of Chinese students 134
Science 135
Technology 137
6 Government system and performance 141
How is the Chinese government organized 141
How good is the Chinese government 146
Freedom 147
Elections and participation in government administration 152
What the government does for the people 155
Personal experience working with the Chinese government 161
On corruption 169
On political reform 173
7 Hong Kong and Shanghai : two modern cities 177
Hong Kong 177
Shanghai 183
8 A country for tourists 193
China's geography - a map of China 193
Natural beauty - Guilin, Huangshan, Wuyishan, along the Yangtze 195
Historical sites 207
9 US-China relations 217
The United States as a world power before and after 9/11, 2001 217
The basis of US-China relations 218
US-China relation in the power structure of East Asia 220
Possible conflict with China over Taiwan 223
China not a threat to the United States 224
Economic competition from China 225
US-China partnership 227
Bibliography 231
Index 235
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