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KNOWING JESUS STUDY BIBLE SCA One-Year Study of Jesus in Every Book of the Bible
ZondervanCopyright © 1999 Zondervan
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Chapter One1 CHRONICLES 15:23
23 Berekiah and Elkanah were to be doorkeepers for the ark. 24 Shebaniah, Joshaphat, Nethanel, Amasai, Zechariah, Benaiah and Eliezer the priests were to blow trumpets t before the ark of God. Obed-Edom and Jehiah were also to be doorkeepers for the ark.
25 So David and the elders of Israel and the commanders of units of a thousand went to bring up the ark of the covenant of the Lord from the house of Obed-Edom, with rejoicing. 26 Because God had helped the Levites who were carrying the ark of the covenant of the Lord, seven bulls and seven rams were sacrificed. 27 Now David was clothed in a robe of fine linen, as were all the Levites who were carrying the ark, and as were the singers, and Kenaniah, who was in charge of the singing of the choirs. David also wore a linen ephod. 28 So all Israel brought up the ark of the covenant of the LORD with shouts, with the sounding of rams' horns and trumpets, and of cymbals, and the playing of lyres and harps.
29 As the ark of the covenant of the Lord was entering the City of David, Michal daughter of Saul watched from a window. And when she saw King David dancing and celebrating, she despised him in her heart.
16 They brought the ark of God and set it inside the tent that David had pitched for it, and they presented burnt offerings and fellowship offerings a before God. 2 After David had finished sacrificing the burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD. 3 Then he gave a loaf of bread, a cake of dates and a cake of raisins to each Israelite man and woman.
4 He appointed some of the Levites to minister before the ark of the Lord, to make petition, to give thanks, and to praise the Lord, the God of Israel: 5 Asaph was the chief, Zechariah second, then Jeiel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Mattithiah, Eliab, Benaiah, Obed-Edom and Jeiel. They were to play the lyres and harps, Asaph was to sound the cymbals, 6 and Benaiah and Jahaziel the priests were to blow the trumpets regularly before the ark of the covenant of God.
David's Psalm of Thanks
7 That day David first committed to Asaph and his associates this psalm of thanks to the Lord:
8 Give thanks b to the Lord, call on his name; make known among the nations what he has done. 9 Sing to him, sing praise d to him; tell of all his wonderful acts. 10 Glory in his holy name; let the hearts of those who seek the Lord rejoice. 11 Look to the Lord and his strength; seek his face always. 12 Remember the wonders he has done, his miracles, g and the judgments he pronounced, 13 O descendants of Israel his servant, O sons of Jacob, his chosen ones.
JESUS focus TWO TABERNACLES
For a number of years Israel apparently had two tabernacles: David constructed a new tent for the ark of the covenant when he moved it to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 16:1),and in the meantime the old tabernacle-either from Moses' time or from after the destruction of Shiloh (Psalm 78:60; Jeremiah 7:12)-remained at Gibeon (1 Chronicles 16:39-40). During David 's reign priests were assigned to both locations (verses 37-42),and during Solomon's reign the temple was built on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem, replacing the tabernacles (1 Kings 6). So the question arose: Where should God 's people worship? This issue was a continuous point of conflict in Israel-and rival locations later included Dan, Bethel and Samaria.
In the New Testament Jesus discussed that same question with a woman from Samaria (John 4:19-26). After God the Son had come to earth the location of the temple was no longer relevant. Jesus informed the woman that "a time ... has now come when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth" (John 4:23). The spirit of a person 's worship is more important than the location. Because Jesus died for our sins, we can have a relationship with God the Father-no matter where we are.
A Simple Expression of Thanks
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As king of Israel David followed God's instructions carefully. He defeated the Philistines and brought back to Jerusalem the ark of the covenant, the sign of God's presence and power. King David built a tent for the ark (1 Chronicles 15). The arduous journey was finally over, and the long-awaited moment for God's people had arrived; the ark rested in its intended and permanent place of honor.
What David did next is so basic that it strikes us as profound: David first blessed God's people, then fed them and appointed other leaders. The blessing implies that he respected the Israelites for who they were-the people of God-and that he was reminding them to serve God. Next he cared for their most basic needs, because David was committed to individual lives. Finally the king demonstrated his support for those called by God as servants in ministry. He appointed certain people to do the things that needed to be done-just as God had instructed (1 Chronicles 15:13-16).
When David experienced the power and presence of God, he didn't build a temple of marble and stone. He didn't initiate a strategy of organization or unveil a well-articulated plan to change the world. Instead he did a very unpretentious thing: He directed the other leaders to pray and thank God (1 Chronicles 16:4), and then he expressed his thanks (verses 7-36)-nothing less and nothing more.
Jesus regularly thanked the Father, and he did just this the last time he was with his disciples before his arrest. He didn't erect a monument or unfold a plan for his followers to carry on their missionary endeavors. Instead he simply shared bread and wine and thanked God for his power and presence (Matthew 26:26-29). Even though he faced the most difficult aspect of his ministry, Jesus was able to reflect back on what the Father had done throughout his life on earth and to express his gratitude.
Every day of our life entails one leg of a unique journey with Christ. Sometimes it is a joyful journey; on other days a relentless, uphill struggle. But no matter what our circumstances, we can respond like David and Jesus, thanking Jesus for being there with us and intervening on our behalf. The apostle Paul reminds us to voice our appreciation to God in every situation (1 Thessalonians 5:18). We may not be able to thank him for the situation itself, but we can always acknowledge him as the One who is with us, guiding us and loving us-and as the One who is our sovereign God.
Self-Discovery: How significant a role does daily thanksgiving play in your prayer life? Does taking the time to thank Jesus on a daily basis make a difference in how you feel about prayer?
Jesus in Job First-time readers may find the book of Job difficult to understand. Read the first two chapters and the last chapter of the book to see things that Job and his friends did not see. The chapters that come between these three are the observations of Job and his friends about the circumstances of Job's life. Job's friends made some profound statements, but they also made some colossal errors in judgment. Remember that people in Job's time were impressed by speakers who used flowery language rather than point-by-point logic. As a result, watch for a wide range of literary techniques in this book: dialogue, poetry, proverbs, riddles, laments, curses and word pictures.
With God's permission, Satan pulled out all the stops in his attempt to force Job to sin, but even under this tremendous pressure Job did not fold. Compare this remarkable story to that of Satan's temptation of Jesus in the desert (Matthew 4:1-11). How will you respond when Satan aims his arsenal in your direction?
1 In the land of Uz there lived a man whose name was Job. This man was blameless and upright; he feared God and shunned evil. 2 He had seven sons and three daughters, 3 and he owned seven thousand sheep, three thousand camels, five hundred yoke of oxen and five hundred donkeys, and had a large number of servants. He was the greatest man among all the people of the East.
4 His sons used to take turns holding feasts in their homes, and they would invite their three sisters to eat and drink with them. 5 When a period of feasting had run its course, Job would send and have them purified. Early in the morning he would sacrifice a burnt offering for each of them, thinking, "Perhaps my children have sinned and cursed God in their hearts." This was Job's regular custom.
Job's First Test
6 One day the angels came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan also came with them. 7 The Lord said to Satan, "Where have you come from?"
Satan answered the Lord, "From roaming through the earth and going back and forth in it."
8 Then the Lord said to Satan, "Have you considered my servant Job? There is no one on earth like him; he is blameless and upright, a man who fears God and shuns evil."
9 "Does Job fear God for nothing?" Satan replied. 10 "Have you not put a hedge around him and his household and everything he has? You have blessed the work of his hands, so that his flocks and herds are spread throughout the land. 11 But stretch out your hand and strike everything he has, and he will surely curse you to your face."
12 The Lord said to Satan, "Very well, then, everything he has is in your hands, but on the man himself do not lay a finger."
Then Satan went out from the presence of the Lord.
13 One day when Job's sons and daughters were feasting and drinking wine at the oldest brother's house, 14 a messenger came to Job and said, "The oxen were plowing and the donkeys were grazing nearby, 15 and the Sabeans attacked and carried them off. They put the servants to the sword, and I am the only one who has escaped to tell you!"
16 While he was still speaking, another messenger came and said, "The fire of God fell from the sky and burned up the sheep and the servants, and I am the only one who has escaped to tell you!"
17 While he was still speaking, another messenger came and said, "The Chaldeans formed three raiding parties and swept down on your camels and carried them off. They put the servants to the sword, and I am the only one who has escaped to tell you!"
Jesus and You
THE LIMITS OF SATAN'S POWER
Job's story alerts us to the fact that Satan possesses supernatural power to oppress people, even God's people (Job 1). This idea might trouble us, because it opens the door to the idea that Satan can wreak havoc in anyone's life at any time. But we need to remember that his power is limited by God's permission and is subject to God's incomparable power (Job 1:12). "Satan can only go to the end of his chain," as John Newton, the writer of the great hymn "Amazing Grace," put it.
In the New Testament we are given other examples of Satan testing God's people. Satan tempted Jesus, only to find that Jesus would not yield (Luke 4:3 -13). We also find that Satan asked permission to "sift [Peter] as wheat," but Jesus reassured Peter by telling him that he had prayed "that your faith may not fail" (Luke 22:31-32). Every person who walks with God can take comfort from the same source of encouragement: God will not let us be tempted beyond what we can bear-and when we are tempted he promises to provide a way out (1 Corinthians 10:13). Furthermore, our precious Jesus stands ready to give us compassionate help when we are tempted, for he is able to sympathize with our weaknesses as One who experienced temptation yet did not yield (Hebrews 4:14-16).
10 Bring the whole tithe into the storehouse, that there may be food in my house. Test me in this," says the Lord Almighty, "and see if I will not throw open the floodgates of heaven and pour out so much blessing that you will not have room enough for it. 11 I will prevent pests from devouring your crops, and the vines in your fields will not cast their fruit," says the Lord Almighty. 12 "Then all the nations will call you blessed, for yours will be a delightful land," says the Lord Almighty.
13 "You have said harsh things against me," says the Lord.
"Yet you ask, 'What have we said against you?'
14 "You have said, 'It is futile to serve God. What did we gain by carrying out his requirements and going about like mourners before the Lord Almighty? 15 But now we call the arrogant blessed. Certainly the evildoers prosper, and even those who challenge God escape.'"
16 Then those who feared the Lord talked with each other, and the Lord listened and heard. A scroll of remembrance was written in his presence concerning those who feared the Lord and honored his name.
17 "They will be mine," says the Lord Almighty, "in the day when I make up my treasured possession. I will spare them, just as in compassion a man spares his son who serves him. 18 And you will again see the distinction between the righteous and the wicked, between those who serve God and those who do not.
The Day of the Lord
'4 "Surely the day is coming; it will burn like a furnace. All the arrogant and every evildoer will be stubble, and that day that is coming will set them on fire," says the Lord Almighty. "Not a root or a branch will be left to them. 2 But for you who revere my name, the sun of righteousness will rise with healing in its wings. And you will go out and leap like calves released from the stall. 3 Then you will trample down the wicked; they will be ashes under the soles of your feet on the day when I do these things," says the Lord Almighty.
4 "Remember the law of my servant Moses, the decrees and laws I gave him at Horeb for all Israel.
5 "See, I will send you the prophet Elijah before that great and dreadful day of the Lord comes. 6 He will turn the hearts of the fathers to their children, and the hearts of the children to their fathers; or else I will come and strike the land with a curse."
16 They were all filled with awe and praised God. "A great prophet has appeared among us," they said. "God has come to help his people." 17 This news about Jesus spread throughout Judea and the surrounding country.
Jesus and John the Baptist
18 John's disciples told him about all these things.
Excerpted from KNOWING JESUS STUDY BIBLE SC Copyright © 1999 by Zondervan. Excerpted by permission.
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