Knowing Practice / Edition 1

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This book examines the theory and practice of traditional medicine in modern China. Farquhar describes the logic of diagnosis and treatment from the inside perspective of doctors and scholars. She demonstrates how theoretical and textual materials interweave with the practical requirements of the clinic. By showing how Chinese medical choices are made, she considers problems of agency in relation to different forms of knowledge. Knowing Practice will be of value not only to anthropologists interested in medical practice but also to historians and sociologists interested in the social life of technical expertise and traditional teachings.
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Judith Farquhar is associate professor of anthropology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
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Table of Contents

List of Tables and Illustrations
Introduction: "We Take Practice to Be Our Guide" 1
1 Chinese Medicine as Institutional Object and Historical Moment 9
The Institutionalization of Chinese Medicine 12
Senior Doctors 14
Scientizing 17
Chinese Medicine Beyond the Institutions 19
2 Preliminary Orientations: Sources and Manifestations, Unity and Multiplicity 23
Chinese Medicine's Challenge to Comparison 24
Cosmogony and Transformation 28
Sources and Manifestations 32
Understanding Clinical Action 36
3 The Clinical Encounter Observed 41
Three Case Histories 46
Three Illnesses: Translations of Case Histories 47
The Temporal Form of the Kanbing Process 55
4 Description and Analysis in Kanbing 61
Describing: The Four Examinations (Sizhen) 62
Analyzing: The Major Classificatory Methods 70
Eight Rubrics (Ba Gang) Analysis 76
Illness Factor (Bingyin) Analysis 86
Visceral Systems (Zangfu) Analysis 91
Four Sectors (Wei Qi Ying Xue) Analysis 107
Six Warps (Liu Jing) Analysis 119
Concluding Remarks on Analysis 131
5 The Syndrome-Therapy Pivot 147
Defining the Syndrome (Zheng[subscript 3]) 148
Differentiating the Syndrome (Bianzheng) 154
Determining Treatment Methods (Lunzhi) 161
The Archive, the Past, the Doctor as Agent 169
6 Remanifesting the Syndrome and Qualifying the Therapy: Formulary and Materia Medica 175
Remanifesting: Formulary and the Production of Prescriptions (Fang) 175
Qualifying: Materia Medica (Bencao) 190
7 Classification, Specificity, History, and Action: An Overview of the Clinical Encounter 201
Illness In, Drugs Out 202
Speech and Silence 203
Specificity 207
Short Forms of the Clinical Encounter 211
Yinyang Reexamined 217
Conclusion 221
Appendix A: Romanization Conversion Table 231
Appendix B: Chinese and Pharmaceutical Names of Drugs Used in Cases 1-3 233
Glossary of Chinese Terms 237
Bibliography 245
About the Book and Author 253
Index 255
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