Knowing What Students Know: The Science and Design of Educational Assessment / Edition 1

Knowing What Students Know: The Science and Design of Educational Assessment / Edition 1

by Committee on the Foundations of Assessment, James W. Pellegrino, Naomi Chudowsky, Robert Glaser
     
 

ISBN-10: 0309072727

ISBN-13: 9780309072724

Pub. Date: 09/28/2001

Publisher: National Academies Press

Education is a hot topic. From the stage of presidential debates to tonight's dinner table, it is an issue that most Americans are deeply concerned about. While there are many strategies for improving the educational process, we need a way to find out what works and what doesn't work as well. Educational assessment seeks to determine just how well students are…  See more details below

Overview

Education is a hot topic. From the stage of presidential debates to tonight's dinner table, it is an issue that most Americans are deeply concerned about. While there are many strategies for improving the educational process, we need a way to find out what works and what doesn't work as well. Educational assessment seeks to determine just how well students are learning and is an integral part of our quest for improved education.

The nation is pinning greater expectations on educational assessment than ever before. We look to these assessment tools when documenting whether students and institutions are truly meeting education goals. But we must stop and ask a crucial question: What kind of assessment is most effective?

At a time when traditional testing is subject to increasing criticism, research suggests that new, exciting approaches to assessment may be on the horizon. Advances in the sciences of how people learn and how to measure such learning offer the hope of developing new kinds of assessments-assessments that help students succeed in school by making as clear as possible the nature of their accomplishments and the progress of their learning.

Knowing What Students Know essentially explains how expanding knowledge in the scientific fields of human learning and educational measurement can form the foundations of an improved approach to assessment. These advances suggest ways that the targets of assessment-what students know and how well they know it-as well as the methods used to make inferences about student learning can be made more valid and instructionally useful. Principles for designing and using these new kinds of assessments are presented, and examples are used to illustrate the principles. Implications for policy, practice, and research are also explored.

With the promise of a productive research-based approach to assessment of student learning, Knowing What Students Know will be important to education administrators, assessment designers, teachers and teacher educators, and education advocates.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780309072724
Publisher:
National Academies Press
Publication date:
09/28/2001
Pages:
382
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Executive Summary1
Pt. IOverview and Background
1Rethinking the Foundations of Assessment17
2The Nature of Assessment and Reasoning from Evidence37
Pt. IIThe Scientific Foundations of Assessment
3Advances in the Sciences of Thinking and Learning59
4Contributions of Measurement and Statistical Modeling to Assessment111
Pt. IIIAssessment Design and Use: Principles, Practices, and Future Directions
5Implications of the New Foundations for Assessment Design177
6Assessment in Practice221
7Information Technologies: Opportunities for Advancing Educational Assessment261
Pt. IVConclusion
8Implications and Recommendations for Research, Policy, and Practice291
References315
App.: Biographical Sketches349
Index355

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