Knowledge and Critical Pedagogy: An Introduction


In a globalized neo-colonial world an insidious and often debilitating crisis of knowledge not only continues to undermine the quality of research produced by scholars but to also perpetuate a neo-colonial and oppressive socio-cultural, political economic, and educational system. The lack of attention such issues receive in pedagogical institutions around the world undermines the value of education and its role as a force of social justice. In this context these knowledge issues become a central concern of ...

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In a globalized neo-colonial world an insidious and often debilitating crisis of knowledge not only continues to undermine the quality of research produced by scholars but to also perpetuate a neo-colonial and oppressive socio-cultural, political economic, and educational system. The lack of attention such issues receive in pedagogical institutions around the world undermines the value of education and its role as a force of social justice. In this context these knowledge issues become a central concern of critical pedagogy. As a mode of education that is dedicated to a rigorous form of knowledge work, teachers and students as knowledge producers, anti-oppressive educational and social practices, and diverse perspectives from multiple social locations, critical pedagogy views dominant knowledge policies as a direct assault on its goals. Knowledge and Critical Pedagogy: An Introduction takes scholars through a critical review of the issues facing researchers and educators in the last years of the first decade of the twenty-first century. Refusing to assume the reader’s familiarity with such issues but concurrently rebuffing the tendency to dumb down such complex issues, the book serves as an excellent introduction to one of the most important and complicated issues of our time.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789048197453
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 8/18/2010
  • Series: Explorations of Educational Purpose Series, #1
  • Edition description: 2008
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 275
  • Product dimensions: 9.21 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 0.62 (d)

Table of Contents

Part 1 Introduction to Knowledge Production And its Relation To Education

1 Introduction: What We Call Knowledge Is Complicated and Harbors Profound Consequences 3

Framing Knowledge in a Global Context: The Twenty-First Century Global Politics of Knowledge 5

Getting Started: Studying Knowledge and Its Production 6

What Is Critical Pedagogy? 8

What Does This Mean for Education and Classrooms? 11

Danger Ahead: Teachers and Students Beware 13

Three Licks: Critical Knowledge and the Definition of Epistemology 15

Assumptions About Knowledge Insidiously Shape and Limit Our Realities: On the Road 19

Playing With the Queen of Hearts: The Joker Ain't the Only Fool in FIDUROD 21

Glossary 24

2 The Politics of Epistemology, the Politics of Education 27

Critical Educational Knowledge 29

Critical Epistemology and the Destabilization of Fixed Meanings in Teaching and Learning 30

Critical Knowledge Is Grounded on Critical Social Theoretical Insights: Producing a New Selfhood in a Rigorous Education 32

Humans as Hopeful, Exploring Creatures: FIDUROD's Effort to Squash the Imagination 35

Knowledge Regression Therapy: The Birth of Epistemology 37

The Politics of a Correspondence Epistemology 39

From a Critical Epistemology to a Critical Complex Epistemology 41

Eurocentrism: The White Man's Epistemological Burden-Providing Truth to the World 44

The Historical Foundations of the Dominant Epistemological System 45

Conclusion: Reiterating the Warning 48

Glossary 49

3 From Reductionism to Critical Knowledge 51

FIDUROD, Political Economic Considerations, and the Complexities of Resistance: Dealing with Oppression 51

Epistemological Naivete 54

"Girl, There's a Better Life for Me and You": The Move to a Critical Complex Epistemology 57

The Critical in Critical Complex Epistemology 59

FIDUROD's Reductionism: Understanding the Western Data Input Spigot 61

Moving to the 57th Dimension: Appreciating Diverse Knowledge and Ways of Seeing 64

Critical Knowledge and Informed Practice: How Do You Get to Carnegie Hall? Praxis, Praxis, Praxis 67

Glossary 68

Part 2 Traditional Western Epistemology and its Impact on Education: FIDUROD

4 The Power of FIDUROD 73

True Lies: The Emergence of Western Epistemological Supremacy 73

Resistance-Paradigmatic Questions 75

An Epistemological Loss of Purpose: Marooned on FIDUROD's Polluted Island 78

FIDUROO Protects Us From a "Descent Into Barbarism": Hegemony and Knowledge Production 80

Naïve Realism and Rationalism: No Escape from the Island 82

FIDUROD and the World "Out There" 86

Ecstatic Certainty: Don't Ya Smell That Smell? 87

FIDUROD's Proclivity to Claim Objectivity 92

"Objective" Portrayals of Islam and the Trouble They Generate 94

Glossary 96

5 Questions of Power and Knowledge 97

Power Blocs, Universal Definitions, and Knowledge 97

Knowledge for Poggle the Lesser's Death Star 100

Knowledge for the Empire 102

Imperial Knowledge: The Raw and the Cooked, the Enlightened and the Irrational 103

Constructing Knowledge for Eternal War in a Globalized World 106

Colonizing and Decolonizing the Mind: Corporate Media at Work 108

This Just in: Capital Holds Knowledge Captive 110

The Modern and the Rational: I Put a Spell On You 113

Glossary 115

6 Down and Dirty: Outlining FIDUROD 117

Fragmentation and Abstraction: What Do You Know? 118

Characteristics of FIDUROD 120

Anything that can truly be called knowledge is scientific knowledge 120

If It's Scientific Knowledge Then It's Empirically Verifiable 127

Methodological Universalism: The Same Methods Used to Explore the Physical World Should Be Used to Research the Social, Political, Psychological, and Educational Domains 132

Living in a Material World of Substance: Genuine Knowledge Exists in Some Distinct Easily Measurable Quantity 136

Glossary 142

7 The Naked and the Epistemologically Deadening: Understanding FIDUROD 143

Invariance: The World Is Uniform and What We Study Remains Consistent 143

Variables Can Be Controlled: The Forces That Cause Things to Take Place Are Bounded and Knowable 149

Producing Certainly, the Truth: When We Produce Enough "Certain Knowledge" We Will Understand the World So Well That No Further Research Will Be Needed 153

Objectivity Is Possible: Facts and Values Must Be Separated in the Production of Knowledge 157

One Reality: The Goal of a FIDUROD-Driven Pedagogy Is to Inculcate That Reality Into the Minds of Students 162

The Degradation of Teachers: Educators Become Mere Delivers of Truth Not Knowledge Producing Professionals or Transformative Cultural Workers 167

Glossary 171

Part 3 Developing a Critical Complex Epistemology and a Critical Politics of Knowledge

8 Knowledge Stampede On Land, at Sea, and in Cyberspace: What Is and What Could Be 175

Tracing the Footprints of Dominant Power: The Complicated Task of a Critical Politics of Knowledge, a Critical Complex Epistemology 176

Freire's Radical Love: Remaking Ourselves and the World 178

Decolonizing Epistemology: Beyond Eurocentrism and FIDUROD 181

Moving Beyond Eurocentric Knowledge: Knowledge Work for Resistance 185

Grounding a Critical Complex Epistemology on Decolonization and Pluriversality 189

A Humble Cosmopolitanism: Trading Zones of Knowledge Exchange and the Construction of a Worldwide Critical Solidarity 192

Pigs in Space: Epistemology in Cyberspace 193

Contemporary Cyberspace and the Complex Ecology of Knowledge 197

Judy in Disguise: Hermeneutics in Cyberspace 200

Cyberspace, a Critical Complex Epistemology, and a New Socio-Historical Domain 203

Developing Literacy of Power in Hyperreality: Heaven and Hell in Cyberspace 206

Glossary 207

9 The Long March to a New Knowledge Space: Constructing a Critical Complex Epistemology 209

Characteristics of the Critical Complex Epistemology 213

Knowledge is socially constructed: World and information co-construct one another 213

Consciousness Is a Social Construction 217

Political Struggles: Power Plays An Exaggerated Role in the Production of Knowledge and Consciousness 220

The Necessity of Understanding Consciousness-Even Though It Does Not Lend Itself to Traditional Reductionistic Modes of Measurability 223

The Importance of Uniting Logic and Emotion in the Process of Knowledge and Producing Knowledge 224

10 The Conclusion Is Just the Beginning: Continuing the Conceptualization of a Critical Complex Epistemology 227

The Inseparability of the Knower and the Known 227

The Centrality of the Perspectives of Oppressed Peoples-the Value of the Insights of Those Who Have Suffered as the Result of Existing Social Arrangements 229

The Existence of Multiple Realities: Making Sense of a World Far More Complex That We Originally Imagined 231

Becoming Humble Knowledge Workers: Understanding Our Location in the Tangled Web of Reality 234

Standpoint Epistemology: Locating Ourselves in the Web of Reality, We Are Better Equipped to Produce Our Own Knowledges 236

Constructing Practical Knowledge for Critical Social Action 238

Complexity: Overcoming Reductionism 240

Knowledge Is Always Entrenched in a Larger Process 243

The Centrality of Interpretation Critical Hermeneutics 245

The New Frontier of Classroom Knowledge: Personal Experiences Intersecting with Pluriversal Information 248

Constructing New Ways of Being Human: Critical Ontology 250

Glossary 253

References 255

Author Index 267

Subject Index 273

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