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"Bloor's book came out as a broadside that announced a new approach to the history and philosophy of science, an approach that became known as the `strong programme.' . . . Now, any book published in history and philosophy of science must take Bloor and the strong programme into account."--Robert J. Richards, University of Chicago
Preface to the Second Edition (1991)
1. The Strong Programme in the Sociology of Knowledge The Strong Programme The Autonomy of Knowledge The Argument from Empiricism The Argument from Self-Refutation The Argument from Future Knowledge
2. Sense Experience, Materialism and Truth The Reliability of Sense Experience Experience and Belief Materialism and Sociological Explanation Truth, Correspondence and Convention
3. Sources of Resistance to the Strong Programme A Durkheimean Approach to Science Society and Knowledge
4. Knowledge and Social Imagery: A Case Study The Popper-Kuhn Debate Enlightenment Versus Romantic Ideologies The Historical Location of the Ideologies The Link between Epistemological and Ideological Debates Another Variable, Knowledge under Threat The Lesson to Be Learned
5. A Naturalistic Approach to Mathematics The Standard Experience of Mathematics J S Mill's Theory of Mathematics Frege's Criticisms of Mill Frege's Definition of Objectivity Accepted, But What Satisfies This Definition?
Mill's Theory Modified by Sociological Factors Summary and Conclusion
6. Can There Be an Alternative Mathematics?
What Would an Alternative Mathematics Look Like?
Is 'One' a Number?
Pythagorean and Platonic Number The Metaphysics of Root Two Infinitesimals Conclusion
7. Negotiation in Logical and Mathematical Thought Lord Mansfield's Advice Paradoxes of the Infinite Azande Logic and Western Science The Negotiation of a Proof in Mathematics
8. Conclusion: Where Do We Stand?
Afterword: Attacks on the Strong Programme How Not to Attack the Strong Programme Covariance, Causality and Cognitive Science The Ultimate Refutation of Interest Explanations The Charge of Idealism Symmetry Lost and Symmetry Regained Mathematics and the Realm of Necessity Conclusion: Science and Heresy Bibliography Index