Knowledge Generation and Technical Change: Institutional Innovation in Agriculture / Edition 1by Steven Wolf
Pub. Date: 01/01/2002
Publisher: Springer US
Knowledge generation and transfer mechanisms are being transformed in important and controversial ways. Investment in research and developme nt has increased in response to recognition that scientific productivi ty is tightly connected to economic dynamism. Patent protection has be en expanded in order to stimulate higher levels of private investment. Intellectual
Knowledge generation and transfer mechanisms are being transformed in important and controversial ways. Investment in research and developme nt has increased in response to recognition that scientific productivi ty is tightly connected to economic dynamism. Patent protection has be en expanded in order to stimulate higher levels of private investment. Intellectual property rights held by public organizations and researc hers are now increasingly transferred to private organizations to acce lerate the diffusion and enhance the value of knowledge produced by pu blic agencies and universities. Additionally, new institutions such as university offices of technology transfer, venture capital markets, a nd a variety of consortia in knowledge-intensive industries are being established throughout the United States and in other parts of the wor ld. These changes have led to a repositioning of the state in systems of innovation and an increase in the proprietary character of technica l information.
Table of Contents
List of Contributors. Acknowledgements. Introduction; S. Wolf, D. Zilberman. I: Context and Analytic Principles. 1. Beyond the Endless Frontier: From the Land Grant to the Entrepreneurial University; H. Ezkowitz. 2. Generation and Commercialization of Knowledge: Trends, Implications, and Models for Public and Private Agricultural Research and Education; W. Lacy. 3. Public Research/Private Alignments; G. Rausser. 4. Challenges for Public Agricultural Research and Extension in A World of Proprietary Science and Technology; B. Wright. 5. Finance, Organization and Impacts of U.S. Agricultural Research: Future Prospects; W. Huffman. 6. Agricultural Knowledge Systems: Issues of Accountability; C.B. Flora. 7. Institutional Innovation in Natural Resource Management: A Conceptualization and Some Australian Examples; J. Cary. II: Empirical Studies. 8. Land-Grant/Industry Relationships and the Institutional Relations of Technological Innovation in Agriculture: Longitudinal Evidence from National Surveys of Agricultural Scientists; F.H. Buttel. 9. Structure of Public-Private Knowledge Networks in Plant Biotechnology: An EU-US Comparison; I. Theodorakopoulou, N. Kalaitzandonakes. 10. Offices of Technology Transfer: Privatizing University Innovations for Agriculture; D. Parker, et al. 11. Origins of Public-Private Knowledge Flows and Current State-of-the-Art: Can Agriculture Learn from Industry? J. Senker, W. Faulkner. 12. Institutional Relations in Agricultural Information Systems; S. Wolf, et al. 13. Innovative Models of Technology Generation and Transfer: Lessons Learned from the South; L.A. Thrupp, M. Altieri. 14. Whither Agricultural Extension Worldwide? Reforms and Prospects; W. Rivera. 15. Agricultural Extension: Generic Challenges and the Ingredients for Solutions; G. Feder, et al. III: Conclusion. 16. Institutional Dimensions of Knowledge System Design and Analysis; S. Wolf, D. Zilberman. Index.
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