Knowledge of Meaning: An Introduction to Semantic Theory / Edition 1 by Richard K. Larson, Gabriel M.A. Segal | | 9780262621007 | Paperback | Barnes & Noble
Knowledge of Meaning: An Introduction to Semantic Theory / Edition 1

Knowledge of Meaning: An Introduction to Semantic Theory / Edition 1

by Richard K. Larson, Gabriel M.A. Segal
     
 

ISBN-10: 0262621002

ISBN-13: 9780262621007

Pub. Date: 09/23/1995

Publisher: MIT Press

Current textbooks in formal semantics are all versions of, or introductions to, the same paradigm in semantic theory: Montague Grammar.

Knowledge of Meaning is based on different assumptions and a different history. It provides the only introduction to truth- theoretic semantics for natural languages, fully integrating semantic theory into the modern

Overview

Current textbooks in formal semantics are all versions of, or introductions to, the same paradigm in semantic theory: Montague Grammar.

Knowledge of Meaning is based on different assumptions and a different history. It provides the only introduction to truth- theoretic semantics for natural languages, fully integrating semantic theory into the modern Chomskyan program in linguistic theory and connecting linguistic semantics to research elsewhere in cognitive psychology and philosophy. As such, it better fits into a modern graduate or undergraduate program in linguistics, cognitive science, or philosophy. Furthermore, since the technical tools it employs are much simpler to teach and to master, Knowledge of Meaning can be taught by someone who is not primarily a semanticist.

Linguistic semantics cannot be studied as a stand-alone subject but only as part of cognitive psychology,the authors assert. It is the study of a particular human cognitive competence governing the meanings of words and phrases. Larson and Segal argue that speakers have unconscious knowledge of the semantic rules of their language, and they present concrete, empirically motivated proposals about a formal theory of this competence based on the work of Alfred Tarski and Donald Davidson. The theory is extended to a wide range of constructions occurring in natural language, including predicates,proper nouns, pronouns and demonstratives, quantifiers, definite descriptions,anaphoric expressions, clausal complements, and adverbs.

Knowledge of Meaning gives equal weight to philosophical,empirical, and formal discussions. It addresses not only the empirical issues of linguistic semantics but also its fundamental conceptual questions, including the relation of truth to meaning and the methodology of semantic theorizing. Numerous exercises are included in the book.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262621007
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
09/23/1995
Series:
Bradford Books Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
659
Product dimensions:
7.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.30(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Preface xi(4)
Acknowledgments xv
1 The Nature of Semantic Theory
1(24)
1.1 The Pretheoretical Domain of Semantics
1(8)
1.2 Semantic Theory as a Theory of Linguistic Knowledge
9(13)
1.3 The Place and Responsibilities of Semantic Theory
22(3)
2 Knowledge of Meaning and Theories of Truth
25(42)
2.1 T Theories
26(6)
2.2 T Theories as Theories of Meaning
32(10)
2.3 The Theoretical Domain of Semantics
42(14)
2.4 The Reality of Semantic Knowledge
56(6)
Theory and Exercises
62(5)
3 Meaning and Structure
67(48)
3.1 Notions of Structure
67(9)
3.2 Constraints on Semantic Rules
76(15)
3.3 Some Syntactic Theory
91(14)
3.4 Concluding Methodological Remarks
105(6)
Theory and Exercises
111(4)
4 Verbs and Predication
115(46)
4.1 The Structure and Interpretation of Elementary Clauses
115(6)
4.2 The Semantics of Predicates and Predication
121(11)
4.3 Alternatives to the PC+ Analysis of Predicates
132(8)
4.4 Evaluating the Alternatives
140(8)
Theory and Exercises
148(13)
5 Proper Nouns and Reference
161(36)
5.1 Proper Nouns in PC+
161(4)
5.2 Descriptive Names
165(6)
5.3 Problems for PC+^DN
171(8)
5.4 Knowing the Axioms of a Semantic Theory
179(14)
Theory and Exercises
193(4)
6 Pronouns and Demonstratives
197(30)
6.1 Introducing Contexts
197(4)
6.2 Contexts, Sequences, and Indices
201(6)
6.3 Conditionalized T Sentences
207(3)
6.4 Complex Demonstratives
210(5)
6.5 Indexical Pronouns and the Relation S
215(3)
6.6 The Semantic Properties of Pronouns and Demonstratives
218(3)
Theory and Exercises
221(6)
7 Quantification
227(42)
7.1 The Syntactic Form of Quantification
227(5)
7.2 The Semantics of Quantification
232(8)
7.3 The Theory PredC
240(7)
7.4 Quantification and the LF Hypothesis
247(7)
7.5 Variable-Binding Operators
254(5)
Theory and Exercises
259(10)
8 Quantifiers and Quantifier Properties
269(50)
8.1 Noncompositionality in PredC
269(3)
8.2 The Relational Analysis of Determiners
272(3)
8.3 The Theory GQ
275(6)
8.4 Quantifier Properties
281(21)
8.5 What Is a Quantifier?
302(8)
Theory and Exercises
310(9)
9 Definite Descriptions
319(42)
9.1 Definite Descriptions as Quantifiers
319(15)
9.2 Definite Descriptions as Referring Terms
334(8)
9.3 A Pragmatic Alternative
342(9)
9.4 Proper NPs as Referential Definites
351(4)
Theory and Exercises
355(6)
10 Anaphora
361(54)
10.1 Bound-Variable Anaphora
361(8)
10.2 Argument Anaphora
369(20)
10.3 Unbound Anaphora
389(19)
Theory and Exercises
408(7)
11 Clausal Complements and Attitude Reports
415(50)
11.1 Clausal Complements and Truth Values
415(3)
11.2 Words, Worlds, and Propositions
418(19)
11.3 Interpreted Logical Forms
437(9)
11.4 The Theory ILF
446(8)
11.5 ILFs and Inference
454(5)
Theory and Exercises
459(6)
12 Events, States, and Times
465(60)
12.1 Analyses of Adverbs
465(6)
12.2 Davidson's Event Analysis
471(7)
12.3 Thematic Roles
478(11)
12.4 States
489(16)
12.5 Times
505(8)
Theory and Exercises
513(12)
13 Meaning and Knowledge
525(30)
13.1 Semantics and Linguistic Individualism
525(4)
13.2 Semantics and Psychoindividualism
529(13)
13.3 Tacit Knowledge
542(13)
Notes 555(36)
References 591(20)
Author Index 611(4)
Subject Index 615

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >