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Korean Americans are one of the fastest growing ethnic groups in the United States. Although they share many similar cultural characteristics with other Asian Americans, the Korean Americans are unique in terms of their strong ethnic attachment, extensive participation in Christian churches, heavy involvement in self-employed small businesses, wide geographic dispersion in settlement, and the emergence of the 1.5 generation phenomenon. This book answers the following questions for the student or interested reader:
• Who are the Korean people?
• Why did they come to the United States?
• How did they adapt to their new country?
• How are they received by the majority of Americans?
• What are their accomplishments, problems, and contributions to American society?
Other special features include:
• An extensive coverage on the ethnic background (history, language, religion, customs, and other cultural heritage) of Korean Americans.
• Current statistical data on Korean immigration to the United States.
• A comprehensive analysis of socioeconomic characteristics of Korean Americans as compared with those of other minority groups.
• A succinct analysis of the unique characteristics of Korean Americans.
• Effective use of personal narratives.
In 1970 there were about 70,000 Korean Americans—the number grew tenfold to about 790,000 in 1990. The Korean American population is now estimated at well over a million, and demographic projections indicate that the number will reach about three million by the year 2030. Korean Americans are thus among the new groups of Americans to become another integral part of the American history of cultural pluralism and ethnic diversity. Examined are the most significant areas of Korean American's adaptation—economic adjustment, sociocultural adaptation, family life, ethnic associations, intergroup relations, and psychological adjustment. In each area of adaptation, positive attainment as well as the problems of adjustment are analyzed in light of current theories and empirical research. The book concludes with a discussion of the unique characteristics of Korean Americans and their impact on society.
|1.||Korean Ethnic Roots: The Land, History, People, and Culture||3|
|Part II||Coming to America||29|
|2.||Korean Immigration to the United States: A Historical Overview||31|
|General Background of Korean Immigration||31|
|Causes and Characteristics of Korean Immigration||36|
|Part III||Adjustment and Adaptation||49|
|4.||Cultural and Social Adaptation||69|
|Strong Ethnic Attachment and Selective Assimilation||79|
|The Next Generation of Korean Immigrants||80|
|The Korean American Family-Kinship System||83|
|The Structure of the Korean American Family||85|
|Korean Immigrant Wives' Burden of Double Roles||88|
|Socialization of Korean American Children||93|
|Care of the Elderly||101|
|6.||Korean Ethnic Associations||105|
|The Korean Ethnic Church||107|
|Korean Buddhist Temples in America||114|
|Other Ethnic Associations||115|
|Relations with White (European) Americans||123|
|Relations with African Americans||131|
|Relations with Other Asian Americans||137|
|Gender Differences in Mental Health||142|
|Length of Residence and Mental Health||142|
|Profiles of Korean Immigrants' Mental Health||146|
|9.||Unique Characteristics of Korean Americans and Their Impact on American Society||161|
|Korean Ethnic Church||162|
|Self-Employment in Small Business||162|
|Urban Middle-Class Background and Its Implications||163|
|The 1.5 Generation Phenomenon||164|
|Korean Americans' Impact on American Society||165|
|Appendix||Notable Korean Americans||169|