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In this groundbreaking, comprehensive study, Chün-fang Yü discusses this dramatic transformation of the (male) Indian bodhisattva Avalokitesvara into the (female) Chinese Kuan-yin -- from a relatively minor figure in the Buddha's retinue to a universal savior and one of the most popular deities in Chinese religion.
Focusing on the various media through which the feminine Kuan-yin became constructed and domesticated in China, Yü thoroughly examines Buddhist scriptures, miracle stories, pilgrimages, popular literature, and monastic and local gazetteers -- as well as the changing iconography reflected in Kuan-yin's images and artistic representations -- to determine the role this material played in this amazing transformation. The book eloquently depicts the domestication of Kuan-yin as a case study of the indigenization of Buddhism in China and illuminates the ways this beloved deity has affected the lives of all Chinese people down the ages.
|2||Scriptural Sources for the Cult of Kuan-yin||31|
|3||Indigenous Chinese Scriptures and the Cult of Kuan-yin||93|
|4||Miracle Tales and the Domestication of Kuan-yin||151|
|5||Divine Monks and the Domestication of Kuan-yin||195|
|6||Indigenous Iconographies and the Domestication of Kuan-yin||223|
|7||The Ritual of Great Compassion Repentance and the Domestication of the Thousand-handed and Thousand-eyed Kuan-yin in the Sung||263|
|8||Princess Miao-shan and the Feminization of Kuan-yin||293|
|9||P'u-t'o Shan: Pilgrimage and the Creation of the Chinese Potalaka||353|
|10||Feminine Forms of Kuan-yin in Late Imperial China||407|
|11||Venerable Mother: Kuan-yin and Sectarian Religions in Late Imperial China||449|
|App. A||Stele Text of the "Life of the Great Compassionate One"||495|
|App. B||Chinese Women Pilgrims' Songs Glorifying Kuan-yin||505|
|Index and Glossary||595|