La NINA and Its Impacts: Facts and Speculation

Overview

This volume is based on a meeting of researchers, forecasters, and users of La Niña forecasts, held at the U.S. National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado. La Niña, the result of air-sea interaction, can briefly be described as the appearance of cooler than normal sea surface temperatures in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean that can affect global weather patterns. While people around the globe have become familiar with El Niño —a large scale warming of surface water that expands...

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Overview

This volume is based on a meeting of researchers, forecasters, and users of La Niña forecasts, held at the U.S. National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado. La Niña, the result of air-sea interaction, can briefly be described as the appearance of cooler than normal sea surface temperatures in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean that can affect global weather patterns. While people around the globe have become familiar with El Niño —a large scale warming of surface water that expands to cover the tropics —and its impacts, its counterpart, La Niña, is not so well known. Researchers at this La Niña Summit indicated that for many societies La Niña events can be as devastating as those of El Niño.

The over riding purpose of the summit was to draw attention to the importance of improving our understanding of the La Niña phenomenon, identifying what is known, what is not yet known, and what societies need to know in order to prepare for La Niña's impacts.

La Niña and Its Impacts presents updated summit papers to introduce the reader to La Niña and offers a glimpse of the state of scientific knowledge about cold events and their impacts in developing as well as industrialized societies.

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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Evidence is mounting that behind Mother of Storms there lies a little girl, La Nina, the phenomenon of anomalously cold sea surface temperatures in the central and eastern tropical Pacific. Climate scientists from around the world convened in Boulder, Colorado in July 1998 to share findings and theories about her impacts on weather. Among the 38 papers are case studies from the Americas, Africa, and Asia and the Pacific. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789280810714
  • Publisher: United Nations University Press
  • Publication date: 8/23/2002
  • Pages: 296
  • Lexile: 1510L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 6.32 (w) x 9.22 (h) x 0.67 (d)

Meet the Author

Michael H. Glantz is a senior scientist in the Environmental and Social Impacts Group (ESIG), a program at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado.

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Table of Contents

Tables and figures
Preface
Acknowledgments
Pt. 1 Introduction to La Nina
La Nina: An overview of the process 3
El Nino, La Nina, and the climate swings of 1997-98: A review 25
Definition(s) of La Nina 31
Pt. 2 Aspects of La Nina
What constitutes "normal?" 39
La Nina teleconnections 44
Climate change and the ENSO cycle: Are they linked? 51
The symmetry issue 57
Attribution of societal and environmental impacts to specific La Nina and El Nino events 63
Forecasting the onset of a La Nina episode in 1998 68
The identification of differences in forecasting El Nino and La Nina 74
Monitoring La Nina 78
Pt. 3 Country case studies
Introduction 85
Energy, economics, and ENSO in the United States 88
La Nina from a Canadian agriculture perspective 91
The impact of ENSO on Canadian climate 95
The effects of ENSO on California precipitation and water supply 100
La Nina impacts on the Pacific Northwest 102
ENSO forecasts and fisheries 116
La Nina, El Nino, and US Atlantic hurricane damages 119
Some effects of La Nina on summer rainfall, water resources, and crops in Argentina 124
La Nina effects in Ecuador 134
La Nina's impacts in Cuba: The opposite side of the coin? 139
The consequences of cold events for Peru 146
Kenya and ENSO: An observation and La Nina prediction 151
The impacts of cold events on Ethiopia 158
La Nina and its impacts in South Africa during 1998-2000 168
1998-99 La Nina in Indonesia: Forecasts and institutional responses 179
La Nina and its impact on China's climate 186
Impact of the 1998 La Nina on Indian monsoon rainfall 190
The assessment of La Nina impacts and responses in Bangladesh 194
The influence of La Nina on the rainfall of the Western Pacific 199
Tropical tunas and the ENSO cycle 208
Pt. 4 La Nina and the media
The role of the media in ENSO reporting 213
Forecasting ENSO in Australia: The importance of good communication 219
Awareness of ENSO events in Japan 223
Science and the media 226
Pt. 5 More thought on La Nina
La Nina and an evaluation of current ENSO forecast skill 231
Cold events: Anti-El Nino? 237
Further thoughts on ENSO 242
Bridging the supply and demand gap in climate forecast production and use 246
On the perception of probabilistic forecasts 253
App Frequently asked questions (FAQ) about La Nina and El Nino from NOAA's website 256
Contributors 261
Index 264
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