Lab Manual for Emmons' Turfgrass Science and Management, 4th / Edition 4

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The Lab Manual for TURFGRASS SCIENCE AND MANAGEMENT, 4th Edition, is a valuable tool designed to enhance your classroom experience. Lab activities, objectives, materials lists, step-by-step procedures, illustrations, review questions and more are all included.
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Editorial Reviews

For people presently working as turfgrass managers and for students going into that field or a related one such as equipment manufacturing or seed production, Emmons (plant science, State U. of New York- Cobleskill) discusses the establishment and maintenance practices used by success managers, and the relevant scientific theory and practical management skills. He notes no dates for the earlier edition, but here revises information on grasses for warm and cool seasons, integrated pest management, and managing golf courses. He also includes a new appendix of Web sites. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781418013318
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 5/15/2007
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 144
  • Product dimensions: 8.40 (w) x 10.70 (h) x 0.40 (d)

Meet the Author

Robert Emmons is a former golf course superintendent and current Professor in Plant Science at SUNY Cobleskill. He is responsible for turfgrass management and golf course management programs, and created the first Integrated Pest Management course in the northeast. Dr. Emmons works closely with the New York State Turfgrass Association, and received its Citation of Merit for outstanding contributions to the turfgrass industry. Other awards include a Distinguished Service Award from the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America, Certificate of Merit from the United States Department of Agriculture, and State University of New York Chancellor's Award for Excellence in Teaching. A recognized authority in turfgrass science, Dr. Emmons lectures at more than 200 conferences throughout the northeast.
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Table of Contents

Preface xi
Acknowledgments xv
1 The Turfgrass Industry 1
Introduction 1
A Brief History of the Turfgrass Industry 2
Why Turfgrasses Are So Popular 4
Career Opportunities 6
The Turfgrass Manager 10
2 Introduction to Turfgrass 15
Classification 15
Plant Growth 17
Plant Structures 23
Measuring Turf Quality 32
Levels of Maintenance 36
3 Warm Season Grasses 39
Introduction 39
Warm Season Turgrasses 42
Overseeding Cool Season Grasses in the Warm Season Zone 56
Turfgrass Selection 57
4 Cool Season Grasses 62
Introduction 62
Cool Season Turfgrasses 63
Turfgrass Selection 83
5 Introduction to Soils 87
Introduction 87
Soil Properties: Texture 88
Soil Properties: Structure 95
Soil Depth 96
Organic Soils 98
6 Soil Modification 100
Introduction 100
Complete Modification 101
Partial Modification 102
Improving Drainage 107
7 Soil Chemistry 115
Introduction 115
Soil Fertility 115
Soil Reaction 119
Salted Soils 127
8 Soil Testing 130
Introduction 130
Collecting a Soil Sample 130
Soil Testing 134
Tissue Testing 139
9 Establishment 141
Introduction 141
Species and Cultivar Selection 142
Site Preparation 146
Planting 149
Establishment by Seed 150
Vegetative Establishment 163
Winter Overseeding 173
10 Fertilization 176
Introduction 176
Fertilizer 178
Nitrogen 180
Potassium 185
Phosphorus 187
Fertilizer Programs 187
Application Methods 190
Fertilizer Burn 193
11 Mowing 195
Introduction 195
Mowing Height 197
Mowing Frequency 201
Types of Mowers 203
Mowing Pattern 212
Clippings 213
Mower Safety 215
Chemical Mowing 216
12 Water and Irrigation 219
Introduction 219
Turfgrass and Water 219
Soil and Water 221
Irrigation 225
Irrigation Systems 235
Limiting Water Use 248
Wetting Agents 249
13 Pesticides 250
Introduction 250
Types of Pesticides 251
Pesticide Formulations 252
The Fate of Pesticides 258
Pesticide Toxicity 260
Pesticide Applicator Certification 263
The Pesticide Label 263
Pesticide Safety 266
Pesticide Poisoning 269
Pesticide Application Equipment 269
14 Weeds 271
Introduction 271
Types of Weeds 274
Herbicides 276
Controlling Annual Grasses 281
Controlling Perennial Grasses 285
Controlling Broadleaf Weeds 286
Rules for Applying Herbicides to Control Broadleaf Weeds 289
15 Insects 291
Introduction 291
Root-Feeding Insects 294
Leaf and Stem Feeders 301
Other Insect Pests 308
Control 309
16 Turfgrass Diseases 317
Introduction 317
Fungal Pathogens 318
Disease Identification 320
Disease Control 334
Other Types of Pathogens 340
17 Integrated Pest Management 346
Introduction 346
What Is Integrated Pest Management? 347
Components of an IPM Program 347
Putting It All Together--Three Examples 359
Conclusion 365
18 Other Turfgrass Problems 367
Introduction 367
Shade 368
Soil Compaction 376
Thatch 385
19 Improving Unsatisfactory Turf 394
Introduction 394
A Sample Turfgrass Evaluation Form 395
Improving Turf Quality 399
Total Reestablishment 400
Complete Renovation 402
Reconstruction 403
Partial Renovation 404
20 Golf Course Management 406
Introduction 406
Greens 410
Collars and Aprons 425
Fairways 425
Tees 428
Roughs 429
Sand Bunkers 430
Other Activities 432
21 Lawns, Sports Turf, and Other Turf Areas 434
Introduction 434
Lawns 434
Parks 439
Cemeteries 439
Utility Turf 441
Sports Turf 442
Sod Farms 447
Seed Production 448
22 Business Management Practices 452
Introduction 452
Human Resource Management 453
Recordkeeping 461
Budget Preparation 469
Other Business Skills 472
Computers 475
23 Turfgrass Calculations 479
Introduction 479
Problems 480
Appendix A Conversion Tables 497
Appendix B Sprayer Calibration 498
Appendix C Spreader Calibration 503
Appendix D Identification of Grasses by Vegetative Characteristics 504
Appendix E Seed Identificatification 507
Glossary 508
Bibliography 517
Index 519
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