Chapter 0 — Part A. Measurement and Expression of Experimental Data
Part B. Graphing and Statistical Analysis
A math review including practice with significant figures, rounding rules, graphing techniques and statistical analysis.
Chapter 1 — Conservation of Matter
A reaction of Copper Nitrate and Zinc is observed to determine if mass is conserved.
Chapter 2 — Atomic Spectra
Several unknown light sources are identified by use of spectrometry.
Chapter 3 — Halogen Reactions
Hexane and water are used to determine the solubility of the halogens and halides.
Chapter 4 — Paper Chromatography: M&M’s® True Colors
Paper Chromatography is used to analyze the food colorings used in M&M’s candy shells
Chapter 5 — Building Molecular Models
Lewis Structures are presented in model form and investigated.
Chapter 6 — Limiting and Excess Reagents
Copper nitrate and potassium iodide are reacted at different concentrations to determine which is the limiting reagent
and which is in excess.
Chapter 7 — Redox Reactions in Voltaic Cells: Construction of a Potential Series
Micro-scale unit cells of several metals are created and their potentials are measured in order to create a potential series.
Chapter 8 — Reactions in Aqueous Solutions: Strong Acids and Bases
The pH and concentration relationships for the reaction of HCl and NaOH are investigated.
Chapter 9 — Calorimetry & Hess’s Law
The enthalpies of reaction are determined for both magnesium metal and magnesium oxide in water. These enthalpies are
then used in conjuction with Hess's Law to determine the enthalpy of reaction for magnesium burning in oxygen.
Chapter 10 — Gas Laws and Air Bags
Ideal gas law and stoichiometry are used to construct a working mock-up of an automobile airbag.
Chapter 11 — Intermolecular Forces and the Triple Point of CO2
Intermolecular forces are investigated by observing the temperature depression created when different solvents
evaporate. The triple point of CO2 is observed and measured.
Chapter 12 — The Purification of Water
Fresh water samples are tested for phosphate before and after purification.
Chapter 13 — Kinetics: The Iodine Clock
The Iodine Clock Reaction is measured at room, high and low temperatures and its rate constant is determined.
Chapter 14 - Photometric Determination of an Equilibrium Constant
The equilibrium constant for the reaction of iron(III) thiocyanate is determined by photometric methods.
Chapter 15 — Titration of 7-Up®
Monoprotic and polyprotic acids are titrated using NaOH.
Chapter 16 — Hydrogen Phosphate Buffer Systems
Students create and then test the buffering capacity of a hydrogen phosphate buffer.
Chapter 17 — Entropy, Free Energy and Chemical Equilibrium
The thermodynamics of the solubility of Ca(OH)2 are determined using titration.
Chapter 18 – Electrochemistry: The Nernst Equation
Unit cells are built from various metals and then tested at several temperatures. The free energy is determined
using the Nernst equation.
Chapter 19 – Analysis of a Hydrate
The formula and percentage of water is determined in an unknown hydrate.
Chapter 20 – Qualitative Analysis: Cations, Anions and Complex Ions
A single-day, microscale qualitative analysis is used to determine the cations and anions in an unknown mixture.
Chapter 21 – Isomerism in Coordination Chemistry
A study of the three-dimensional structures of octahedral complexes is performed.
Chapter 22 – Light Emitting Diode
Students will identify the components of a complex ion and predict if that complex ion has a large or small
crystal field splitting energy while constructing an organic diode.
Chapter 23 – Amino Acid Analysis by Ninhydrin
Students identify the amino acids in an unknown mixture using a combination of Ninhydrin and TLC.
Appendix A: Atomic and Molecular Structure Review
Appendix B: Excel Tutorial
Appendix C: Volumetric Glassware
Appendix D: Standard Reduction Potentials (in Volts), 25 oC A
Appendix E: Glossary of Terms