Laboratory Phonology 8: Varieties of Phonological Competence

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Overview

The Eighth Conference on Laboratory Phonology (held in New Haven, CT) continued the series' tradition of bringing together experts from different subfields by inviting papers on the phonology of signed and spoken languages. A major goal of this topic was to begin to uncover the nature of the human phonological capacity that underlies both types of systems. Several papers on signed phonology and comparisons of signed and spoken phonologies are included in this volume. Other papers address the categorical and variable aspects of phonological systems (both spoken and signed), the acquisition of such systems, and their role in guiding speech production.
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Louis M. Goldstein, Yale University and Haskins Laboratories, New Haven, USA; Douglas H. Whalen, Haskins Laboratories, New Haven, USA;Catherine T. Best, MARCS Auditory Laboratories, Penrith South DC, Australia.
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Table of Contents

"Distinctive phones" in surface representation 21
The functionality of incomplete neutralization in Dutch : the case of past-tense formation 27
Dynamics in grammar : comment on Ladd and Ernestus & Baayen 51
The statistical basis of an unnatural alternation 81
Modeling intonation in English : a probabilistic approach to phonological competence 107
The diachrony of labiality in Trique, and the functional relevance of gradience and variation 133
Effects of language modality on word segmentation : an experimental study of phonological factors in a sign language 155
Phonology, phonetics, and the nondominant hand 185
Lexical retrieval in American sign language production 213
Phonological priming in British sign language 241
Phonetic implementation and phonetic pre-specification in sign language phonology 265
Variability in verbal agreement forms across four signed languages 287
Some current claims about sign language phonetics, phonology, and experimental results 315
Getting the rhythm right : a cross-linguistic study of segmental duration in babbling and first words 341
Flexibility in the face of incompatible English VOT systems 367
On the scope of phonological learning : issues arising from socially-structured variation 393
Variation in developing phonologies : comments on Vihman and colleagues, Docherty and colleagues, and Scobbie 423
Prosody first or prosody last? Evidence from the phonetics of word-final /t/ in American English 445
Focusing, prosodic phrasing, and hiatus resolution in Greek 473
Early vs. late focus : pitch-peak alignment in two dialects of Serbian and Croatian 495
Manifestation of prosodic structure in articulatory variation : evidence from lip kinematics in English 519
Relating prosody and dynamic events : comments on the papers by Cho and Smiljanic 549
Syllable position effects and gestural organization : articulatory evidence from Russian 565
Perceptual salience and palatalization in Russian 589
Integrating coarticulation, assimilation, and blending into a model of articulatory constraints 611
Excrescent schwa and vowel laxing : cross-linguistic responses to conflicting articulatory targets 635
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