Laboratory Safety for Chemistry Students [NOOK Book]

Overview

A unique approach to keeping you safe in the labthroughout your undergraduate education and beyond

Laboratory Safety is unlike any other college textbook you've ever seen. It's designed to accompany you throughout your four-year undergraduate education and beyond, teaching you the skills and knowledge you need to learn your science and stay ...

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Laboratory Safety for Chemistry Students

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Overview

A unique approach to keeping you safe in the labthroughout your undergraduate education and beyond

Laboratory Safety is unlike any other college textbook you've ever seen. It's designed to accompany you throughout your four-year undergraduate education and beyond, teaching you the skills and knowledge you need to learn your science and stay safe while you're working in the lab. The book is organized around four core principles of safety (RAMP):

  • Recognizing hazards

  • Assessing risks of hazards

  • Minimizing hazards

  • Preparing for emergencies from uncontrolled hazards

Each of the book's eight chapters is organized into three tiers of sections, with a variety of topics suited to introductory, intermediate, and advanced courses. This enables you to gather the relevant safety information you need for your particular course level. Each section begins with a brief description of a laboratory incident that illustrates the importance of the topic. A multiple choice quiz concludes each section to help you assess your grasp of the topic. Instructors can choose to administer these quizzes online. Throughout the text, "Chemical Connections" illustrate how chemical principles apply to laboratory safety. In addition, "Special Topics" explore additional safety issues relevant to particular sections.

As you progress through the text, you'll learn everything you need to know to stay safe in the lab, from the latest "best practices" in chemical lab procedures to up-to-date explanations of the laws and regulations related to laboratory safety. Most importantly, you'll learn how to identify and manage safety concerns before they can do harm.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“This book should be widely adopted by many programs given the importance of chemical safety. With a list price under $70, it is not unreasonable to ask students to purchase this book in their first year, knowing that it will be used every year following.” (Journal of Chemical Education, February 2012)

"An excellent resource for undergraduate chemistry students, including non-majors, as well as graduate students. Highly recommended. Academic, two-year technical program, and professional libraries,
all levels." (Choice, March 2011)

"This authoritative and clearly-written book is full of relevant and important material. Every undergraduate laboratory, and, ideally, every undergraduate chemist, should have a copy of what is, by some distance, the best book I have seen on safety in the undergraduate laboratory." (Education in Chemistry, May 2011)

"This authoritative and clearly-written book is full of relevant and important material. Every undergraudate laboratory, and, ideally, every undergraduate chemist, should have a copy of what is by some distance the best book I have seen on safety in the undergraduate laboratory". (Chemistry World, March 2011)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781118212646
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 9/21/2011
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 546
  • File size: 6 MB

Meet the Author

ROBERT H. HILL, Jr, PhD, has more than thirty years of experience working in the occupational and environmental health community at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). He has worked in the CDC research laboratories of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and the National Center for Environmental Health. Dr. Hill has also worked in the Office of Health and Safety, serving as acting director.

DAVID C. FINSTER, PhD, teaches chemistry at Wittenberg University, where he has served as chair of the Chemistry Department. He is also the university's Chemical Hygiene Officer and a Certified Chemical Hygiene Officer (NRCC, 1999). In addition, Dr. Finster has presented numerous talks and workshops on the application of intellectual development theory to learning science and chemistry.

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Table of Contents

Preface to the Students.

To the Instructor.

Acknowledgments.

Acronyms.

Chapter 1 Principles, Ethics, and Practices.

1.1.1 The Four Principles of Safety.

1.1.2 What is Green Chemistry?

1.2.1 Rethinking Safety: Learning from Laboratory Incidents.

1.2.2 Green Chemistry in Organic Chemistry.

1.3.1 Fostering a Safety Culture.

1.3.2 Employers' Expectations of Safety Skills for New Chemists.

1.3.3 Laws and Regulations Pertaining to Safety.

1.3.4 Green Chemistry - The Big Picture.

Chapter 2 Emergency Response.

2.1.1 Responding to Laboratory Emergencies.

2.1.2 Fire Emergencies in Introductory Courses.

2.1.3 Chemical Spills: On You and in the Lab oratory.

2.1.4 First Aid in Chemistry Laboratories.

2.2.1 Fire Emergencies in Organic and Advanced Courses.

2.2.2 Chemical Spills: Containment and Clean-up.

Chapter 3 Understanding and Communicating about Laboratory Hazards.

3.1.1 Routes of Exposure to Hazards.

3.1.2 Learning the Language of Safety: Signs, Symbols, and Labels.

3.1.3 Finding Hazard Information – Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).

3.2.1 The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS).

3.2.2 Information Resources About Laboratory Hazards and Safety.

3.2.3 Interpreting MSDS Information.

3.3.1 Chemical Hygiene Plans.

Chapter 4 Recognizing Laboratory Hazards: Toxic Substances and Biological Agents.

4.1.1 Introduction to Toxicology.

4.1.2 Acute Toxicity.

4.2.1 Chronic Toxicity.

4.3.1 Carcinogens.

4.3.2 Biotransformation, Bioaccumulation, and Elimination of Toxicants.

4.3.3 Biological Hazards and Biosafety.

Chapter 5 Recognizing Laboratory Hazards: Physical Hazards.

5.1.1 Corrosive Hazards in Introductory Chemistry Laboratories.

5.1.2 Flammables - Chemicals with Burning Passions.

5.2.1 Corrosives in Advanced Laboratories.

5.2.2 The Chemistry of Fire and Explosions.

5.2.3 Incompatibles – A Clash of Violent Proportions.

5.3.1 Gas Cylinders and Cryogenic Liquid Tanks.

5.3.2 Peroxides – Potentially Explosive Hazards.

5.3.3 Reactive and Unstable Laboratory Chemicals.

5.3.4 Hazards from Low or High Pressure Systems.

5.3.5 Electrical Hazards.

5.3.6 Housekeeping in the Research Laboratory - The Dangers of Messy Labs.

5.3.7 Nonionizing Radiation and Electric and Magnetic Fields.

5.3.8 An Array of Rays—Ionizing Radiation Hazards in the Laboratory.

5.3.9 Cryogenic Hazards – A Chilling Experience.

5.3.10 Runaway Reactions.

5.3.11 Hazards of Catalysts.

Chapter 6 Risk Assessment.

6.1.1 Risk Assessment - Living Safely with Hazards.

6.2.1 Using the GHS to Evaluate Chemical Toxic Hazards.

6.2.2 Understanding Occupational Exposure Limits.

6.3.1 Assessing Chemical Exposure.

6.3.2 Working or Visiting in a New Laboratory.

6.3.3 Safety Planning for New Experiments.

Chapter 7 Minimizing, Controlling and Managing Hazards.

7.1.1 Managing Risk – Making Decisions about Safety.

7.1.2 Laboratory Eye Protection.

7.1.3 Protecting Your Skin – Clothes, Gloves and Tools.

7.1.4 Chemical Hoods in Introductory Laboratories.

7.2.1 More about Eye and Face Protection.

7.2.2 Protecting Your Skin in Advanced Laboratories.

7.2.3 Containment and Ventilation in Advanced Laboratories.

7.3.1 Safety Measures for Common Laboratory Operations.

7.3.2 Radiation Safety.

7.3.3 Laser Safety.

7.3.4 Biological Safety Cabinets.

7.3.5 Protective Clothing and Respirators.

7.3.6 Safety in the Research Laboratory.

7.3.7 Process Safety for Chemical Operations.

Chapter 8 Chemical Management: Inspections, Storage, Wastes, and Security.

8.1.1 Introduction to Handling Chemical Wastes.

8.2.1 Storing Flammables and Corrosives.

8.3.1 Doing Your Own Safety Inspection.

8.3.2 Managing Chemicals in Your Laboratory.

8.3.3 Chemical Inventories and Storage.

8.3.4 Handling Hazardous Laboratory Waste.

8.3.5 Chemical Security.

Index.

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