Labour Conditions for Construction: Decent Work, Building Cities and The Role of Local Authorities / Edition 1

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Overview

This authoritative guide promotes safe, healthy and non-exploitative working conditions for the construction industry. It combines theoretical analysis and case studies from around the world, offering recommendations for best practice.

The book results from a project funded by the Geneva International Academic Network, with staff from the International Labour Office and the University of Geneva. It presents and discusses the challenges and potential of local authorities to promote decent work in construction.

Existing literature on decent work focuses mainly on the roles and responsibilities of actors in the private sector but the contribution of the public sector should not be ignored. Local authorities play a crucial role in economic development through a range of policies and programmes in the construction industry and related services.

Labour Conditions for Construction: building cities, decent work & the role of local authorities includes a methodology that combines quantitative and qualitative information. It defines and validates a set of criteria to evaluate the capacity of local authorities, combining criteria about decent work, the construction sector and the policies and programmes of the local authority in each case study city.

The book fills an important gap in focussing on the role of local authorities in creating and promoting decent work and will be of interest to managers and policy-makers in construction, health and safety and labour relations as well as to researchers and students in construction management.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

“In sum, Labour Conditions for Construction is easy to digest, an authoritative read and is an excellent text that is highly recommended for policy-makers, practitioners and researchers alike with an interest in the construction labour market from across the social science community.” (Construction Management and Economics, 1 August 2010)

"[An] excellent text ... relevant illustrations will be eagerly received and welcomed as a valuable contribution to the much needed information on employment creation as a tool for poverty alleviation. … Deserves a wide and caring readership." (RoSPA Occupational Safety & Health Journal, January 2010)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781405189439
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 9/28/2009
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 312
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 9.70 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Dr. Edmundo Werna, Construction Sector, International Labour Office, Geneva
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Table of Contents

Contributors ix

Foreword Elisabeth Gateau xiii

Foreword José de Filippi Jr xv

Preface xvii

Terms and Abbreviations xix

Dedication xxi

Acknowledgements xxii

Introduction xxiii

1 Conceptual and Methodological Issues Roderick Lawrence Mariana Paredes Gil 1

1.1 What is decent work? 2

1.1.1 Origans of the concept 3

1.2 Conceptual issues 5

1.2.1 Interrelations between the four key components of decent work 5

1.2.2 Contradictions and conflicts between components of decent work 7

1.2.3 Universality of the decent work concept 9

1.3 Understanding the interrelationships between employment, construction and local authorities 10

1.4 Criteria for defining indicators of decent work 11

1.4.1 Criteria for the construction sector 12

1.4.2 Criteria for local authorities 12

1.5 Research methodology 13

1.5.1 Case studies in local authorities 14

1.5.2 Methodology for case studies 15

Notes 20

2 Measuring Decent Work Mariana Paredes Gil 21

2.1 Review of proposals to measure decent work 22

2.2 Indicators of the employment dimension 27

2.2.1 Employment opportunities 27

2.2.2 Remuneration of work 29

2.2.3 Working conditions 30

2.3 Indicators of the social security dimension 33

2.4 Indicators of the workers' rights dimension 35

2.4.1 Forced labour 35

2.4.2 Child labour 35

2.4.3 Inequality at work 39

2.4.4 Freedom of association 42

2.5 Indicators of the social dialogue dimension 43

2.6 Synthesis 46

Notes 50

3 Local Authorities and the Construction Industry Mariana Paredes Gil Edmundo Werna 51

3.1 Decent work in urban areas 52

3.1.1 Employment dimension 53

3.1.2 Social protection 55

3.1.3 Workers' rights 56

3.1.4 Socialdialogue 58

3.1.5 Cross-cutting analyses 59

3.2 Local authorities 60

3.2.1 Evolution of the role of cities in the global economy 60

3.2.2 New roles for local authorities 62

3.3 The construction sector 63

3.3.1 The construction sector: definition and general characteristics 64

3.3.2 Implications for decent work 65

3.3.3 Recommendations for action 68

3.4 Local authorities and decent work in the construction sector and related services 70

3.5 Conclusion 81

Note 81

4 Bulawayo Beacon Mbiba Michael Ndubiwa 82

4.1 Introduction 82

4.2 National, regional and local context 83

4.2.1 The national context 83

4.2.2 Regional and local context 90

4.3 Decent work indicators 100

4.3.1 Indicators of employment 100

4.3.2 Social security indicators 108

4.3.3 Indicators of workers' rights 111

4.3.4 Indicators of social dialogue 115

4.3.5 Workers' rights and social dialogue in Zimbabwe 118

4.3.6 Synthesis: decent work indicators in Bulawayo 121

4.4 Decent work in Bulawayo: initiatives and evidence 122

4.4.1 Equality and the indigenization policy in the construction sector 122

4.4.2 Managing centre local relations 124

4.4.3 Realistic strategic planning and citizen participation 124

4.4.4 The role of Bulawayo in promoting employment creation 125

4.4.5 Bulawayo and the promotion of cooperatives 126

4.5 Decent work: evidence, obstacles and potential 127

4.5.1 Decent work and development in Zimbabwe 127

4.5.2 Methodological and conceptual considerations 128

4.5.3 Women's rights at work and health and safety in the construction sector 130

4.5.4 The informal economy: opportunities in Bulawayo 131

4.5.5 Future activities: Bulawayo's procurement dividend and the decent work audit 133

4.5.6 Obstacles and potentials for decent work promotion in Bulawayo 134

Notes 139

5 Dar es Salaam Jill Wells 141

5.1 Introduction 141

5.1.1 Background on Tanzania 142

5.2 National, regional and local context 142

5.2.1 National context 142

5.2.2 Economy, employment and the construction sector 147

5.3 Regional and local context 153

5.3.1 The evolution of local government 153

5.3.2 Demographic and economic development in Dar es Salaam 155

5.3.3 The growth of the informal sector 156

5.3.4 Government response to growth of the informal sector 158

5.3.5 Growth of informal settlements and government response 160

5.4 Decent work indicators 161

5.4.1 Indicators of employment 161

5.4.2 Indicators of social security 171

5.4.3 Indicators of workers' rights 173

5.4.4 Indicators of social dialogue 176

5.4.5 Synthesis: decent work indicators in Dar es Salaam 181

5.5 Decent work in Dar es Salaam: best practices 182

5.5.1 Initiatives of the Dar es Salaam City Council 182

5.6 Synthesis: decent work, evidence, obstacles and potentials 192

5.6.1 Evidence 192

5.6.2 Obstacles 194

5.6.3 Potentials 197

Notes 198

6 Santo André Mariana Paredes Gil 200

6.1 Introduction 201

6.2 National, regional and local context 201

6.2.1 National context 201

6.2.2 Regional and local context 208

6.2.3 The informal sector 211

6.3 Decent work indicators 213

6.3.1 Indicators of employment 213

6.3.2 Indicators of social security 216

6.3.3 Indicators of workers' rights 217

6.3.4 Indicators of social dialogue 221

6.3.5 Synthesis: Santo André decent work indicators 223

6.4 Decent work in Santo André: best practices 225

6.4.1 The 'Santo André Mais Igual' (SAMI) program 225

6.4.2 The Public Centre for Employment, Labour and Income (CPETR) 231

6.4.3 Integrated Program for Qualification, PIQ (Programa Integrado de Qualificaç&abar;o) 232

6.4.4 Selective Collection and Income Generation Program 232

6.5 Decent work: synthesis and recommendations 233

Notes 235

7 Conclusions and Recommendations Roderick Lawrence Yves Flückiger Cedric Lambert Mariana Paredes Gil Edmundo Werna 236

7.1 General findings 237

7.2 Recommendations and guidelines 240

7.3 Conclusion 247

References 250

Index 269

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