The Laces of Ipswich: The Art and Economics of an Early American Industry, 1750-1840

Overview

In its lace making heyday in the late eighteenth century, Ipswich, Massachusetts boasted 600 lace makers in a town of only 601 households. George Washington himself, a lace afficionado, paid a visit to Ipswich in 1789 to support its extraordinary domestic textile industry.

While most research on lace making concentrates on its cottage origins in the seventeenth century, Marta Cotterell Raffel places the Ipswich industry squarely within the wider context of eighteenth-century ...

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Overview

In its lace making heyday in the late eighteenth century, Ipswich, Massachusetts boasted 600 lace makers in a town of only 601 households. George Washington himself, a lace afficionado, paid a visit to Ipswich in 1789 to support its extraordinary domestic textile industry.

While most research on lace making concentrates on its cottage origins in the seventeenth century, Marta Cotterell Raffel places the Ipswich industry squarely within the wider context of eighteenth-century manufacture, economics, and culture. Identifying what differentiates Ipswich lace from other American or European lace, she explores how lace makers learned their skills, and how they combined a traditional lace making education with attention to market-driven changes in style. Showing how the shawls, bonnets, and capes created by the lace makers often designated the social position or political affiliation of the wearer, she offers a unique and fascinating guide to our material past.

With extensive research based on hundreds of previously unseen artifacts and documents, Raffel shows how this preindustrial labor and craft—absolutely central to the economic health of Ipswich—created and sustained forms of early American culture and shaped an entire community for several generations.

Useful appendixes include a glossary of terms; a list of contemporary sources for supplies, lace organizations, and textile museums with lace collections; and two sample patterns with pricking and instructions.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781584651635
  • Publisher: University Press of New England
  • Publication date: 1/1/2003
  • Pages: 176
  • Sales rank: 996,230
  • Product dimensions: 7.08 (w) x 9.92 (h) x 0.49 (d)

Meet the Author

MARTA COTTERELL RAFFEL is a lace maker who learned the craft over the course of ten years from some of the most skilled people in the field. She has published essays about Ipswich lace in Antiques and Civilization Magazine, and lectured on the topic at the Heard House in Ipswich, Massachusetts, the Peabody Essex Museum, and the Dublin Seminar, among others. Her research for this book was partially supported by the Great Lakes Lace Guild and the Chesapeake Region Lace Guild.
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Table of Contents

Acknowledgements ix

Introduction: The Making of an American Industry I

Tools of the Trade: From the Most Humble of Tools is Wrought a Thing of Exceptional Beauty 27

Ipswich Lace 50

The Lace Makers of Ipswich 90

A Matter of Class and Pride: A Tribute to Those Who Wore Ipswich Lace 113

Epilogue: To Never Be Forgotten 127

Appendixes
The Letters of Joseph Dana 133
Sources for Modern-Day Lace Makers 135
Patterns for Making Ipswich Lace 137

Glossary of Lace-Making Terms 151

Bibliography 155

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