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While most research on lace making concentrates on its cottage origins in the seventeenth century, Marta Cotterell Raffel places the Ipswich industry squarely within the wider context of eighteenth-century ...
While most research on lace making concentrates on its cottage origins in the seventeenth century, Marta Cotterell Raffel places the Ipswich industry squarely within the wider context of eighteenth-century manufacture, economics, and culture. Identifying what differentiates Ipswich lace from other American or European lace, she explores how lace makers learned their skills, and how they combined a traditional lace making education with attention to market-driven changes in style. Showing how the shawls, bonnets, and capes created by the lace makers often designated the social position or political affiliation of the wearer, she offers a unique and fascinating guide to our material past.
With extensive research based on hundreds of previously unseen artifacts and documents, Raffel shows how this preindustrial labor and craft—absolutely central to the economic health of Ipswich—created and sustained forms of early American culture and shaped an entire community for several generations.
Useful appendixes include a glossary of terms; a list of contemporary sources for supplies, lace organizations, and textile museums with lace collections; and two sample patterns with pricking and instructions.
Introduction: The Making of an American Industry I
Tools of the Trade: From the Most Humble of Tools is Wrought a Thing of Exceptional Beauty 27
Ipswich Lace 50
The Lace Makers of Ipswich 90
A Matter of Class and Pride: A Tribute to Those Who Wore Ipswich Lace 113
Epilogue: To Never Be Forgotten 127
The Letters of Joseph Dana 133
Sources for Modern-Day Lace Makers 135
Patterns for Making Ipswich Lace 137
Glossary of Lace-Making Terms 151