The Lancaster Treaty of 1744: With Related Documents / Edition 1

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The Lancaster Treaty of 1744 offers students a close look at colonial-Indian relations in North America. The treaty minutes offer some of the best historical evidence of Iroquois perspectives on colonial power and diplomacy. James Merrell uses the treaty minutes, published by Benjamin Franklin shortly after the end of the negotiations, to illuminate critical issues in the mid-eighteenth-century struggles between and among Indians and colonial empires. These issues, including competing colonial claims, land use and tenure, diplomacy, and cultural exchange, bring complex colonial worlds to life for students. Accompanying the treaty minutes are four documents by European and colonial observers who visited the Iroquois before, during, or after the treaty negotiations, shedding further light — and some ambiguity — on Indian-white relations in this period. A list of major figures, a chronology of events, questions for consideration, a selected bibliography, and an index further enable students' exploration of this event.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312454142
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 2/11/2008
  • Series: Bedford Cultural Editions Series
  • Edition description: First Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 160
  • Product dimensions: 6.45 (w) x 8.27 (h) x 0.39 (d)

Meet the Author

JAMES MERRELL (Ph.D., The Johns Hopkins University) is Lucy Maynard Salmon Professor of History at Vassar College. An award-winning scholar of American Indian history, Professor Merrell has published a number of books and articles, including Into the American Woods: Negotiators on the Pennsylvania Frontier (1999), winner of the 2000 Bancroft Prize for history and finalist for the Pulitzer Prize, and The Indians' New World: Catawbas and their Neighbors From European Contact through the Era of Removal (1989), winner in 1990 of the Bancroft Prize, the Frederick Jackson Turner Award, and the Merle Curti Award.

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Table of Contents



List of Illustrations


Major Figures in the Lancaster Treaty

Lancaster, Pennsylvania, June 26, 1977: An American History Lesson

Indians and Other Early Americans

The Iroquois League: Its History and Diplomacy

Treaties Between Indians and Colonists

Crisis and Contempt: The Hard Road to Lancaster

The 1744 Lancaster Treaty

Treaty Minutes as Historical Texts

The Aftermath of the Lancaster Treaty


A Note About the Text

A Treaty Held at the Town of Lancaster, In Pennsylvania—in June 1744, printed and sold by Benjamin Franklin


1. Benjamin West, Indians Giving a Talk to Colonel Bouquet in a Conference, 1766

2. John Bartram, Observations on a Visit to Onondaga, July-August 1743

3. Conrad Weiser, Report on the Council Proceedings at Onondaga, July-August 1743

4. Witham Marshe, Journal of the Treaty Held with the Six Nations, June-July 1744


A Chronology of Events Related to the Lancaster Treaty of 1744 (c. 1300-1784)

Questions for Consideration

Selected Bibliography


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