Landon Carter's Uneasy Kingdom: Revolution and Rebellion on a Virginia Plantation

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Landon Carter, a Virginia planter, left behind one of the most revealing of all American diaries. In this astonishingly rich, intimate history, Isaac mines this remarkable document-and many other sources-to reconstruct Carter's world as the American Revolution shook it to its roots. Carter writes at white heat, his words sputtering from his pen as he documents the terrible rupture that the Revolution meant to him. He rose against the "father King," George III, who betrayed his subjects, but Landon was outraged when his own household defied his patriarchal rule: his son showed insolent resentment, his daughter Judith eloped with a forbidden suitor, and eight of his slaves made an armed exodus to freedom. The seismic upheaval he helped to start had crumbled the foundations of Carter's own house.

With deep learning and empathy, Rhys Isaac unfolds not only the life, but also the mental world of our countrymen in a long-distant time. This long-awaited work will be seen both as a major contribution to Revolution history and a triumph of the art of biography.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"A detailed, persuasive picture of a world so different from our own as to be almost unimaginable."--Jonathan Yardley, Washington Post Book World

"A poignant tale of crumbling patriarchy in a world of revolutions.... Unlike most historians, who try to maintain the appearance of objectivity, Isaac, like many anthropologists, feels that his personal perspective and subjective reactions should be made explicit.... The result is a very personal and intimate portrait of a Virginia patriarch."--Gordon S. Wood, The New York Review of Books

"A captivating view of a leading planter's personal life and political transformation during the Revolutionary era. Isaac deftly blends pungent extracts from Carter's diary with illuminating biographical details and historical commentary.... A splendid addition to our understanding of the Virginia gentry--and of ourselves."--David Shi, Christian Science Monitor

"Full of rich cultural and psychological insights. Isaac sympathetically reveals Carter as a tragic figure, almost as cruel to himself as he was to others. Driven by a perverse but pervasive sense of duty, he alienated almost everyone in his angry wake."--Alan Taylor, New Republic

"Offers fresh insights into the character of the plantocracy and its evolution. There is no doubt about the importance of Landon Carter's diary as a window on the planter class and Carter himself. It reveals a man who saw himself as a link in the long chain of patriarchy, whose history stretched back to time immemorial."--Ira Berlin, The Nation

"In Isaac's hands the story of the Revolution in a small corner of Virginia breaks into multiple competing narratives that reveal the rich interplay between the local and the Atlantic, between the personal and the political, and, above all, between lost stories told by subalterns and the recorded stories of a patriarch-master."--James Sidbury, The Journal of Southern History

"A major contribution to the study of the American Revolution.... Readers will be fascinated by Carter's impassioned narratives, masterfully placed in their time by Isaac's brilliant analysis. This admirable study joins Claire Tomalin's Samuel Pepys as an example of the finest scholarly analysis of personal diaries."--Library Journal (starred review)

"An outstanding work of history.... An extraordinary, fascinating set of firsthand accounts from the revolutionary era."--Kirkus Reviews (starred review)

"If for nothing else, we should read Landon Carter because he was an honest man, and Rhys Isaac's Landon Carter's Uneasy Kingdom because it is a skilled and honest depiction of the man, his place, and his age."--Christianity Today

"An eloquent and unique look at the beginnings and consequences of the American Revolution as seen through the eyes of early America's finest diarist, Landon Carter.... Isaac weaves entries from Carter's diary with a splendid biographical narrative to provide a profound and intimate glimpse into one portion of early America."--Publishers Weekly (starred review)

"As an expert and incredibly knowledgeable editor, Rhys Isaac guides us through the diaries of the great and deeply human Virginia patriarch, Landon Carter, ultimately the owner of over 700 black slaves, as he responds with both joy and furious anger to the coming of the American Revolution and to the seismic shocks it brought to Virginia's old regime and to his own authoritarian family."--David Brion Davis

"Isaac convincingly portrays Carter, one of Virginia's twelve richest men, as a figure ensnared by contradictions: In his energetic defense of American liberty, Carter appreciated that he was helping to destroy a hierarchical world to which he was intensely attached....Isaac is a sensitive guide to Carter's world, and reading his systematic exploration is the only way for the layman to comprehend the diaries properly."--Ben Schwarz, Atlantic Monthly

"By creatively exploiting the remarkable diary of the eighteenth-century Virginia planter Landon Carter of Sabine Hall--a character out of a Fielding novel if there ever was one--Rhys Isaac has written an extremely imaginative book that brings to life the world of this well-meaning but often ludicrous slave-master in all its humanity and inhumanity. From Isaac's rendition of Carter's story-filled diary we learn, among other things, how rebellions against patriarchal authority both in Carter's own household and in the British empire were transforming American society."--Gordon S. Wood

"A lively portrait of a busy, prolific character who went from being a monarchist to a reluctant revolutionary in the course of one lively adulthood. An irascible figure among neighbors, a respected member of Virginia's pre-Revolutionary House of Burgesses, and an often-brutal, sometimes-charitable master to his slaves and children, Carter embodied the paradoxes of his age. Carter was a dutiful chronicler of this changing world. And Mr. Isaac, who won a Pulitzer Prize in 1983 for 'The Transformation of Virginia, 1740-90,' proves to be a strong advocate for Carter's voluminous musings."--New York Sun

"Masterfully, creatively, Rhys Isaac uses the words of one of America's great patricians to tell the story of the birth of the new republic and the psychological traumas that resulted. Deftly, Isaac moves between the public and the domestic, the political and the psychological in a tale as complex, nuanced and fascinating as was the figure it describes." --Carroll Smith-Rosenberg, Mary Frances Berry Collegiate Professor of History and American Culture, University of Michigan

"Landon Carter's diary is an unedited literary masterpiece full of Faulknerian stories. Now it has found a worthy editor and commentator in Rhys Isaac, a great storyteller in his own right. The result is a fascinating tale of public storms and personal furies that illuminates not only the dying world of the eighteenth century slaveholder but the dawning age of democratic revolution. Landon Carter's Uneasy Kingdom is itself a literary and historical masterpiece." --John Gillis, Rutgers University, author of A World of Their Own Making: Myth, Legenc and the Quest for Family Values

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195189087
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 9/29/2005
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 448
  • Sales rank: 1,015,075
  • Product dimensions: 8.70 (w) x 5.90 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Rhys Isaac is Distinguished Visiting Professor at the College of William and Mary and a Research Associate of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. He won the Pulitzer Prize in 1983 for The Transformation of Virginia, 1740-1790. An Emeritus Professor at La Trobe University, he lives in Melbourne, Australia.

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Table of Contents

The Argument XI
First Words XIII
Dramatis Personae
The Carters and the Beales XXIII
Sabine Hall-1770s Staff of the Dual Household XXIV
I Revolution in House and Home
1 Morning of Revolution 3
2 The Egypt of This Exodus 17
3 "All for Love" 37
II Enlightenment Calm
4 Plantation Pastoral 57
5 Landon's Library 85
6 Plantation Medical Science 105
III Politics, War, and Rebellion
7 Landon, Legislator 123
8 Rebellions Begin 163
IV A Troubled Old Regime
9 Master and Slaves 187
10 Duties Betrayed 233
11 Contests at Home 265
V King Lear Into the Storm
12 Primal Rebellions 287
13 Landon and Nassaw 313
14 Toward Death 323
Last Words 333
Chronology 337
Annotation 339
About the Illustrations 396
Acknowledgments 400
Index 401
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