Language Arts: Patterns of Practice / Edition 8

Language Arts: Patterns of Practice / Edition 8

by Gail E. Tompkins
     
 

ISBN-10: 0132685752

ISBN-13: 9780132685757

Pub. Date: 02/13/2012

Publisher: Pearson

The best selling language arts text in the market, Language Arts: Patterns of Practice continues to ground language arts instruction in the contemporary classroom. Its strengthened focus on the needs of English learners, as well as its new coverage of Common Core Standards for English Language Arts and its integrated treatment of technology as a teaching

…  See more details below

Overview

The best selling language arts text in the market, Language Arts: Patterns of Practice continues to ground language arts instruction in the contemporary classroom. Its strengthened focus on the needs of English learners, as well as its new coverage of Common Core Standards for English Language Arts and its integrated treatment of technology as a teaching tool combine to make this new edition an invaluable tool for pre-service and elementary language arts teachers.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780132685757
Publisher:
Pearson
Publication date:
02/13/2012
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
504
Product dimensions:
7.90(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Language Arts: Patterns of Practice 8e Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Learning and the Language Arts 2

Vignette First Graders Apply the Six Language Arts 2

HOW CHILDREN LEARN 5
The Process of Learning 5
Learning Strategies 6
Social Contexts of Learning 7
Implications for Learning Language Arts 7

LANGUAGE LEARNING AND CULTURE 8
The Four Language Systems 8
Academic Language 11
Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students 11
Critical Literacy 13
Implications for Learning Language Arts 14

HOW STUDENTS LEARN LANGUAGE ARTS 14
A Community of Learners 14
Self-Efficacy 17
The Six Language Arts 18
Language Arts Strategies 20
Communicative Competence 24

Engaging English Learners 24

Summing Up 25

Chapter 2 Teaching and Assessing Language Arts 26

Vignette A Sixth Grade Language Arts Class 26

PATTERNS OF PRACTICE 30
Literature Focus Units 31
Literature Circles 31
Reading and Writing Workshop 33
Thematic Units 37

THE TEACHER’S ROLE 38
Scaffolding Learners 38
Differentiating Instruction 41

Engaging English Learners 42

Teaching Struggling Students 42
Language Arts Standards 44

ASSESSING LEARNING 45
Monitoring Progress 46
Evaluating Learning 48
Implementing Portfolios 49
High-Stakes Assessments 56

Summing Up 57

Chapter 3 Emergent Literacy 58

Vignette K–1 Students Read and Write 58
FOSTERING CHILDREN’S INTEREST IN WRITTEN LANGUAGE 62
Written Language Concepts 62
Alphabet Concepts 64

YOUNG CHILDREN BECOME READERS 74
Shared Reading 74
Language Experience Approach 78

YOUNG CHILDREN LEARN TO WRITE 78
Introducing Young Children to Writing 81
Interactive Writing 81
Minilessons 84

Summing Up 85

Chapter 4 Personal Writing 86

Vignette Seventh Graders Respond to Literature 86

WRITING IN JOURNALS 90
Personal Journals 90
Dialogue Journals 92
Reading Logs 93
Double-Entry Journals 95
Learning Logs 96
Simulated Journals 98

SOCIAL NETWORKING 101
Classroom Blogs 101
Safety Concerns 103

LETTER WRITING 104
Friendly Letters 104
Email Messages 106
Business Letters 107
Simulated Letters 107

TEACHING PERSONAL WRITING 107
Minilessons 108
Mentor Texts 108

Engaging English Learners 110

Assessing Students’ Personal Writing 112

Summing Up 113

Chapter 5 Oral Language: Listening and Talking 114

Vignette Second Graders Read Folktales 114

LISTENING 118
Types of Listening 118
Reading Aloud 122
Persuasion 125

TALK 127
Talking in Small Groups 127
Discussions 128
Oral Reports 133
Interviews 133
Debates 134

TEACHING ORAL LANGUAGE 136
Minilessons 136
Mentor Texts 137
Taking Notes 137

Engaging English Learners 140

Assessing Oral Language 142

Summing Up 143

Chapter 6 Written Language: Reading and Writing 144

Vignette Ms. Kakutani Uses the Reading Process 144
THE READING PROCESS 148
Stage 1: Prereading 148
Stage 2: Reading 149
Stage 3: Responding 151
Stage 4: Exploring 152
Stage 5: Applying 153
Teaching the Reading Process 153

THE WRITING PROCESS 156
Stage 1: Prewriting 157
Stage 2: Drafting 158
Stage 3: Revising 159
Stage 4: Editing 162
Stage 5: Publishing 164
Teaching the Writing Process 166
The Author’s Craft 168

Engaging English Learners 172

Reading and Writing Are Reciprocal Processes 173

Summing Up 175

Chapter 7 Visual Language: Viewing and Visually Representing 176

Vignette Eighth Graders Learn About Irony 176

VISUAL ELEMENTS 181
Color 181
Line 184
Symbols 185
Humor 188
Teaching Visual Language 190

VIEWING 192
Art Appreciation 192
Visual Language in Books 196

VISUALLY REPRESENTING 203
Artistic Representations 203
Graphic Representations 204
Dramatic Representations 204

Summing Up 209

Chapter 8 Building Vocabulary 210

Vignette Eighth Graders Study Words 210

HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE 213
Old English (A.D. 450–1100) 213
Middle English (1100–1500) 214
Modern English (1500–Present) 215
Learning About Word Histories 215

WORDS AND THEIR MEANINGS 216
Morphological Information 217
Synonyms and Antonyms 219
Homonyms 222
Multiple Meanings 223
Idioms 224
Borrowed Words 225

TEACHING STUDENTS ABOUT WORDS 225
Targeting Words to Teach 228
Word-Learning Strategies 229
Word Walls 230
Word-Study Activities 232
Minilessons 234

Differentiating Instruction 237

Engaging English Learners 238

Assessing Vocabulary Knowledge 240

Summing Up 241

Chapter 9 Comprehending and Composing Stories 242

Vignette Fifth Graders Read a Novel 242

CONCEPT OF STORY 247
Elements of Story Structure 247
Story Genres 256
Narrative Devices 258
Teaching Students About Story Structure 258

Engaging English Learners 263

Assessing Students’ Knowledge About Stories 264

COMPREHENDING STORIES 264
Guided Reading 264
Readers Theatre 265
Responding to Stories 266
Retelling Stories 268

WRITING STORIES 270
Writing Retellings 271
Story Innovations 272
Genre Stories 273
Original Stories 274

Summing Up 275

Chapter 10 Investigating Nonfiction 276

Vignette Kindergartners Learn About Fish 276

NONFICTION BOOKS 281
Expository Text Structures 285
Nonfiction Features 287
Comparing Fiction and Nonfiction Books 287

RESEARCH 289
The Research Process 289
Research Tools 289
Reporting 291
Multigenre Projects 299
Life Stories 301

TEACHING NONFICTION 304
Research Workshop 305
Minilessons 306
Mentor Texts 306

Engaging English Learners 308

Assessing Nonfiction Projects 309

Summing Up 310

Chapter 11 Exploring Poetry 312

Vignette Sixth Graders Participate in Poetry Workshop 312

PLAYING WITH WORDS 316
Laughing With Language 316
Creating Word Pictures 318
Experimenting With Rhyme 318

THE POETRY GENRE 320
Poems Students Read 320
Poems Students Write 320
Poetic Devices 333

TEACHING POETRY 335
How to Read Poems 335
Teaching Students to Write Poems 340
Minilessons 342
Mentor Texts 344

Engaging English Learners 344

Assessing Poetry 345

Summing Up 347

Chapter 12 Learning to Spell Conventionally 348

Vignette Fourth Graders Study Spelling Words 348

SPELLING DEVELOPMENT 352
Invented Spelling 353
Stages of Spelling Development 353
Analyzing Students’ Spelling Development 356

TEACHING SPELLING 360
Spelling Strategies 360
Components of the Spelling Program 361
Minilessons 367
Weekly Spelling Tests 367

Engaging English Learners 371

Assessing Students’ Spelling Development 372

Summing Up 373

Chapter 13 Language Tools: Grammar and Handwriting 374

Vignette Fifth Graders Learn Grammar Through Literature 374

GRAMMAR 379
Grammar Concepts 379
Teaching Grammar 382

Engaging English Learners 390

Assessing Students’ Knowledge About Grammar 390

HANDWRITING 391
Handwriting Forms 391
Students’ Handwriting Development 392
Teaching Handwriting 393

Summing Up 399

Chapter 14 Putting It All Together 400

Vignette First Graders Study the Solar System 400

LITERATURE FOCUS UNITS 405
How to Develop a Literature Focus Unit 405
A Primary Grade Unit on The Mitten 409
An Upper Grade Unit on The Giver 411

LITERATURE CIRCLES 411
How to Organize Literature Circles 411

READING AND WRITING WORKSHOP 414
Establishing a Workshop Environment 415
How to Set Up a Reading Workshop 415
How to Set Up a Writing Workshop 417

THEMATIC UNITS 420
How to Develop a Thematic Unit 421
Using Content-Area Textbooks 423
A Fourth Grade Unit on Flight 425

Summing Up 427

Special Features Table of Contents

Minilesson

Mr. Voss’s Kindergartners Learn to Predict 85
Mr. Rinaldi’s Eighth Graders Write Simulated Letters 109
Ms. Shapiro Teaches Her Second Graders About Sustaining Conversations 138
Ms. Yarborough Introduces Revising to Third Graders 168
Mrs. Monroe Teaches Her Sixth Graders About Word Histories 236
Mrs. Levin’s Second Graders Learn About Theme 260
Mr. Uchida Teaches His Fifth Graders How to Write Data Charts 307
Mr. Johnston Teaches His Third Graders to Read Poems Expressively 343
Mrs. Hamilton Teaches the “Think It Out” Strategy 369
Ms. Thomas Teaches Manuscript Letter Formation 395

Step-by-Step

Minilessons 31
Think-Alouds 40
Rubrics 51
Shared Reading 75
Language Experience Approach 79
Interactive Writing 83
Classroom Blogs 102
Interactive Read-Alouds 123
Grand Conversations 130
Hot Seat 135
Revising Groups 160
Interpreting Political Cartoons 190
Viewing Images 193
Story Boards 199
Process Drama 207
Word Learning 229
Word Walls 231
Sketch-to-Stretch 256
Guided Reading 266
Retelling Stories 269
The Research Process 290
Cubing 294
Choral Reading 338
Gallery Walks 342
Making Words 366
Word Ladders 368
Anticipation Guides 424

Integrating Technology

Literacy and the Internet 23
Online Assessment Tools 55
Electronic and Interactive Media 73
Technology-Supported Activities 38
Publishing Writing Online 166
Digital Tools for Viewing and Visually Representing 191
Digital Tools for Teaching Vocabulary 236
Digital Tools for Reading and Writing Stories 261
Nonfiction Applications of Digital Technology 308
Online Resources for Writing and Learning About Poetry 344
Keyboarding 397

Common Core State Standards

Language Arts Standards 45
Emergent Literacy 62
Personal Writing 108
Oral Language 136
Written Language 147
Visual Language 190
Vocabulary 226
Stories 259
Nonfiction 306
Poetry 317
Spelling 360
Grammar 384

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >