Language Awareness: Readings For College Writers / Edition 9

Language Awareness: Readings For College Writers / Edition 9

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by Paul Eschholz, Alfred Rosa, Virginia Clark
     
 

ISBN-10: 0312407025

ISBN-13: 9780312407025

Pub. Date: 07/23/2004

Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

Language Awareness was the first composition reader to use the theme of language to heighten students awareness of the power of words — and to help them use language more effectively themselves. Thirty years later, language readers are still the most successful kind of single-theme reader, and Language Awareness remains a best-seller in its

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Overview

Language Awareness was the first composition reader to use the theme of language to heighten students awareness of the power of words — and to help them use language more effectively themselves. Thirty years later, language readers are still the most successful kind of single-theme reader, and Language Awareness remains a best-seller in its market. Authors and editors of a wide range of highly successful composition texts, Eschholz and Rosa have continued to keep Language Awareness viable with a combination of class-tested and fresh selections in every edition and a proven ability to stay abreast of important trends in language study and culture. The ninth edition retains many of its classic readings and themes, but also introduces many exciting new selections that highlight cultural diversity in America and current arguments about language. Students using Language Awareness will discover that the study of language yields fresh perspectives on aspects of our culture ranging from internet technology, to politics and propaganda, to the language of advertising.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780312407025
Publisher:
Bedford/St. Martin's
Publication date:
07/23/2004
Edition description:
Ninth Edition
Pages:
704
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 9.06(h) x 1.11(d)

Table of Contents



    Preface
    From Reading to Writing
    
  On Reading Well
       Reading Actively
       Getting the Most Out of Your Reading
       Respond to Your Reading: Making Marginal Notes
       Ask Yourself Questions as You Read
    An Example: Annotating Henry Louis Gates Jr.'s "What's in a Name"
    Practice Reading and Annotating Laurence Perrine's "Coming to Terms with Paradox"
       Using Your Reading in the Writing Process
    
  On Writing Well
    The Writing Process
    Prewriting
       Understand Your Writing Assignment
       Determine Your Purpose
       Know Your Audience
       Find a Subject and Topic
       Use Discovery Techniques
       Formulate a Thesis Statement
       Use One or More Strategies of Development
       Determine Your Organization
    Writing Your First Draft
    Revising
    Editing and Proofreading
    A Sample Student Essay: Rebekah Sandlin, "The ‘Negro Revolt' in Me"
    
  1. Coming to an Awareness of Language
    Malcolm X, Discovering the Power of Language
       Language-in-Action: Reader's Digest, It Pays to Enrich Your Word Power [quiz]
       Picturing Language -- Hellen Keller Pointing to Braille Chart [photograph]
    Helen Keller, The Day Language Came into My Life
       Language-in-Action: Rich Hall, Sniglets [humor]
   *David Raymond, On Being 17, Bright, and Unable to Read
       Language-in-Action: from Dyslexia Teacher [web site]
    Susanne K. Langer, Language and Thought
       Language-in-Action: Signs and Symbols? [graphics]
    Paul Roberts, A Brief History of English
       Language-in-Action: Frances Mayes, from Under the Tuscan Sun [memoir]
   *Nedra Newkirk Lamar, Does a Finger Fing?
       Language-in-Action: Joseph Jacob, Master of All Masters [folktale]
    
  2. Writers on Writing
    Maxine Hairston, What Happens When People Write?
    A respected teacher of writing offers an overview of how professional writers work and then examines two basic types of writing.
       Language-in-Action: Stan Hunt, No Wonder You Can't Write [cartoon]
    Picturing Language -- Helvetica Grassroots [graphic design]
    Linda Flower, Writing for an Audience
       Language-in-Action: Corporate Systems Center, Clone, Test, or Repair Any Hard Drive [advertisement]
    William Zinsser, Simplicity
       Language-in-Action: William Zinsser, draft of Simplicity [editing]
    Donald M. Murray, The Maker's Eye: Revising Your Own Manuscripts
       Language-in-Action: Annie Dillard, from Living Like Weasels [nonfiction]
   *Anne Lamott, Shitty First Drafts
       Language-in-Action: Richard Lederer, Play of Words [nonfiction]
   *Pico Iyer,In Praise of the Humble Comma
       Language-in-Action: Charles R. Larson, Its Academic, or Is it? [excerpt]
   *Marjorie Agosin, Always Living in Spanish
       Language-in-Action: Archived Humorous Translations [web site]
    
  3. Politics, Propaganda, and Doublespeak
    Donna Woolfolk Cross, Propaganda: How Not to Be Bamboozled
       Language-in-Action: U.S. Postal Service, Help Stamp Out Breast Cancer and University of Vermont, Women Helping Battered Women [advertisements]
    Picturing Language -- American Flag Draped over Saddam Statue [photograph]
    George Orwell, Politics and the English Language
       Language-in-Action: Robert Yoakum, Everyspeech [parody]
    William Lutz, The World of Doublespeak
    Picturing Language: "Sign Language" by Carol Lay [comic strip]
       Language-in-Action: Terence Moran, Language for Parent Interviews and Report Cards [report]
    Cullen Murphy, The E Word
       Language-in-Action: Jeff Danziger, A Cozy Eat-In Kitchen [cartoon]
   *Walter Isaacson, How They Chose These Words
       Language-in-Action: John F. Kennedy, Inaugural Address, January 20, 1961 [political speech]
    Case Study: The English-Only Debate
       Robert D. King, Should English Be the Law
       S. I. Hayakawa, Bilingualism in America: English Should Be the Only Language
      *Greg Lewis, An Open Letter to Diversity's Victims
      *Myriam Marquez, Why and When we Speak Spanish in Public
      *Barbara Mellix, From Outside In
       Making Connections: English Only
    
  4. Prejudice, Discrimination, and Stereotypes
    Gordon Allport, The Language of Prejudice
       Language-in-Action: New York Times, UN Group Urges Dropping of Words with Racist Tinge [newspaper clipping]
    S. I. Hayakawa and Alan R. Hayakawa, Words with Built-in Judgments
       Language-in-Action: Steven Pinker, Racist Language, Real and Imagined [op-ed]
    Gloria Naylor, The Meanings of a Word
       Language-in-Action: Keith Woods, An Essay on a Wickedly Powerful Word [nonfiction]
    Picturing Language -- Martin Luther King, Jr.
    Martin Luther King, Jr., I Have a Dream
       Language-in-Action: Apple Computer Company, "Think Different" [billboard]
   *Urvashi Vaid, Separate and Unequal
       Language-in-Action: Using Bias-Free Language [activity]
   *Brent Staples, Black Men in Public Spaces
       Language-in-Action: Territoriality [activity]
    Case Study: Political Correctness and Speech Codes
       Ethan Bronner, Big Brother Is Listening
       John Leo, Who Said PC is Passe?
      *Dianne Ravitch, The Language Police
      *Steven Doloff, Racism and the Risks of Ethnic Humor
       Making Connections: Political Correctness and Speech Codes
    
  5. Men and Women Talking
   *Audre Lorde, The Transformation of Silence into Language and Action
       Language-in-Action: Elizabeth Lyon, Honoring the Lost Writers of 9-11-01 [personal essay]
    Nathan Cobb, Gender Wars in Cyberspace
       Language-in-Action: S.C. Herring, Gender and Democracy in Computer-Mediated Communication [dialogue]
   *Juliet Gabriel, Make Me Sound Like I Don't Suck
       Language-in-Action: Mike Baldwin, "Personals" [cartoon]
    Picturing Language -- Husband's Lib Protester [photograph]
   *Deborah Tannen, How to Give Orders Like a Man
       Language-in-Action: P.J. Poole & Assoc., Gender Communication Awareness [memo]
   *Clive Thompson, He and She: What's the Real Difference
       Language-in-Action: excerpts from Langston Hughes' Salvation and Diane Ackerman's Why Leaves Turn Color in the Fall [excerpts]
    Case Study: The Language of Sexual Discrimination
      *Martha Irvine, Queer Evolution
      *Riki Wilchins, Because That's What We Do To Faggots
      *Eugene R. August, Real Men Don't: Anti-Male Bias in English
       Making Connections: The Language of Sexual Discrimination
    
  6. The Power of the Media
    Newman P. Birk and Genevieve B. Birk, Selection, Slanting, and Charged Language
       Language-in-Action: Newsweek, Passionate Responses [letters to the editor]
    Tom Shachtman, Talk Shows and the Dumbing of America
       Language-in-Action: Bergen Evans, from The Word-a-Day Vocabulary Builder [nonfiction]
   *Tad Friend, You Can't Say That
       Language-in-Action: Nick Baker, F-word [cartoon]
     Picturing Language -- "We Report-You Decide" [advertisement]
    Neil Postman and Steve Powers, Television News: The Language of Pictures
       Language-in-Action: Snapshot [photograph]
   *Joanmarie Kalter, Exposing Media Myths: TV Doesn't Affect You as Much as You Think
       Language-in-Action: Jonny Hawkins, Tonight's Good News [cartoon]
    Case Study: Violence and the Media
      *Ted Gest, Indictment and Trial of Media's Crime Coverage
      *Farah Stockman, Picturing America's Enemies
      *Aisha K. Finch, If Hip-Hop Ruled the World
      *Barbara Kingsolver, Life Is Precious or It's Not
       Making Connections: Violence and the Media
    
  7. I Can Sell You Anything
    Bill Bryson, The Hard Sell: Advertising in America
       Language-in-Action: Hugh Rank, Intensify/Downplay and Several Drinking and Driving Ads [activity]
    Picturing Language: "Sign Language" by Carol Lay [comic strip]
    William Lutz, Weasel Words
       Language-in-Action: Merrill Lynch, Defined Asset Funds [advertisement]
   *James B. Twitchell, How to Advertise a Dangerous Product
       Language-in-Action: Clairol, Does She . . . or Doesn't She? [advertisement and web activity]
    Case Study: Marketing Diet and Health
      *Bonnie Liebman, Claims Crazy: Which Can You Believe?
       Sarah Federman, What's Natural About Our Natural Products?
      *Greg Critser, Let Them Eat Fat
       Portfolio of food labels and advertisements
       Making Connections: Marketing Diet and Health
    
  8. America Wired
   *Robert D. Putnam and Lewis M. Feldstein, Craigslist.org: Is Virtual Community Real?
       Language-in-Action: Visiting Craigslist.org [web link]
    Picturing Language -- Blog, Blogger, Blogging, Blogged [graphic design]
   *William Safire, Blog
       Language-in-Action: Visiting Blog Sites [web link]
   *Jennie Bristow, Text Messaging: Take Note
       Language-in-Action: Cambridge University Research [excerpt]
   *Vanessa Bauza, Internet Spanglish
        Language-in-Action: Liz Doup, El Backup [excerpt]
   *Peter Mandaville, Digital Islam: Changing the Boundaries of Religious Knowledge?
       Language-in-Action: Duke University, Mission Statement [web link]
   *Frederick L. McKissack, Cyberghetto: Blacks Are Falling through the Net
       Language-in-Action: Pew Internet & American Life Project [statistics]
    
  9. Cultural Diversity
    Robert MacNeil, English Belongs to Everybody
       Language-in-Action: G. Jay Christensen, Paragraphs of Buzzwords Buzz Loudly [parody]
    Edite Cunha, Talking in the New Land
       Language-in-Action: Mari Tomasi, from Like Lesser Gods [novel]
    Sojourner Truth, And Ain't I a Woman?
       Language-in-Action: Nancy Stevens, Women Aren't Guys [letter to the editor]
   *Judith Ortiz Cofer, And May He Be Bilingual
       Language-in-Action: Lizette Alvarez, Talking the Talk [definitions]
   *Audre Lourde, The Fourth of July
       Language-in-Action: Maria Mazziotti Gillan, Public School No. 18: Paterson, New Jersey [poem]
   *Barbara Kingsolver, Going to Japan
       Language-in-Action: Japan-Guide.com [web activity]
   *Harlan Lane, Representations of Deaf People
       Language-in-Action: Spoken Language [classroom activity]
    Case Study: Understanding Affirmative Action
    Picturing Language: We Do Not Hire Blacks, We Do Not Hire... [advertisement]
      *Lee C. Bollinger, Diversity Is Essential...
      *Armstrong Williams, ...But Not At This Cost
      *Perry Bacon Jr., How Much Diversity Do You Want from Me?
      *William Raspberry, There's More to Affirmative Action
       Making Connections: Understanding Affirmative Action
    
  10. Names and Identity
    Bonnie Wach, What's in a Name?
       Language-in-Action: Lois B. Morris, Naming Names [report]
    S. I. Hayakawa and Alan R. Hayakawa, Giving Things Names
       Language-in-Action: Sorting Heads [visual exercise]
   *Tom Rosenberg, Changing My Name after Sixty Years
       Language-in-Action: Dear Ann Landers [newspaper column]
    Louise Erdrich, The Names of Women
       Language-in-Action: Show-Business Names [list]
    Picturing Language: Scott McCloud, Show and Tell [cartoon]
   *Natalie Goldberg, Be Specific
       Language-in-Action: John Updike, Some Frenchmen [poem]
    J. C. Herz, A Name So Smooth, the Product Glides In
       Language-in-Action: Sniglets [activity]
    
  Appendix: Writing A Research Paper
    Choosing a Research Topic and Posing a Worthwhile Question
       Choosing a Topic
       Choosing a Research Question
    Using Print Sources
       Preview Print Sources
       Develop a Working Bibliography
       Evaluate Print Sources
    Using Internet Sources
       Preview Internet Sources
       Develop a Working Bibliography
       Evaluate Internet Sources
    Internet Research: Subject Directories and Keyword Searches
       Using Subject Directories to Refine Your Research Topic
       Using Keyword Searches to Find Specific Information
    Taking Notes
       Summary
       Paraphrase
       Direct Quotation
       Notes from Internet Sources
    Integrating Borrowed Material Into Your Text
    Documenting Sources
       In-Text Citations
       List of Works Cited
    Electronic Sources
    Taking Steps to Avoid Plagiarism
       Using Quotation Marks for Language Borrowed Directly
       Using Your Own Words
    Writing from Research: An Annotated Student Essay
    
    Glossary of Rhetorical and Linguistic Terms
    
    Rhetorical Contents
    
    Index of Authors and Titles
    
   * New to this Edition

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