Language in Time of Revolution

Language in Time of Revolution

by Benjamin Harshav
     
 


This book on culture and consciousness in history concerns the worldwide transformations of Jewish culture and society and the revival of the ancient Hebrew language following the waves of pogroms in Russia in 1881, when large numbers of Jews in Eastern and Central Europe redefined their identity as Jews in a new and baffling world.
Reviews
“With his… See more details below

Overview


This book on culture and consciousness in history concerns the worldwide transformations of Jewish culture and society and the revival of the ancient Hebrew language following the waves of pogroms in Russia in 1881, when large numbers of Jews in Eastern and Central Europe redefined their identity as Jews in a new and baffling world.
Reviews
“With his customary versatility and lucidity Harshav has given us . . . a host of new and provocative insights into modern Jewish history. . . . This book is an outstanding attempt to juxtapose the revolution in Jewish life with that of the Hebrew language in such a way that each informs our understanding of the other.”
—Yosef Hayim Yerushalmi,
Columbia University
“It is no small component of Harshav’s success in this altogether fascinating book to have made clear the family resemblance between what is still regularly called ‘the almost miraculous revival of the Hebrew language’ and the coterie movements of European high modernism in both politics and the arts.”
—Modernism/Modernity
“A wise, original, and stimulating book on the shaping of modern Jewish culture. . . . Humane, deeply erudite, and very satisfying.”
—Steven Zipperstein,
Stanford University
“Israeli Hebrew, Angel Sáenz-Badillos has written, ‘is not the result of natural evolution but of a process without parallel in the development of any other language.’ The precise nature of the process is studied in illuminating detail in Language in Time of Revolution.”
—London Review of Books
“The crisscrossing among the discourses of literature, ideology, history, and linguistics makes for a heady intellectual experience. . . . Harshav writes with great authority and verve. . . . His discussions are a model of clarity.”
—Alan Mintz,
Brandeis University

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780804735407
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
Publication date:
08/28/1999
Series:
Contraversions: Jews and Other Differenc Series
Edition description:
1
Pages:
248
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
A Note to the Reader
Pt. IThe Modern Jewish Revolution: An Essay on the History of Culture and Consciousness
1Transformations: Extrinsic and Intrinsic3
2The Internal Response to History7
3A New Period in History10
4The Centrifugal Movement14
5The Force of Negation17
6The New Cultural Trends24
7The Secular Polysystem33
8Assimilation40
9A Jewish Century42
10The Continuous Rainbow47
11The Individual53
12Flashback: Collapse and Victory of the Enlightenment57
13Politics and Literature63
14Consolidation68
15Two Endings to one Revolution70
16The Age of Modernism76
Pt. IIThe Revival of the Hebrew Language: Anatomy of a Social Revolution
17The Miracle of the Revival of Hebrew81
18The Social Existence of Language89
19Theory of Twin Systems93
20Language as a Unifying Force97
21The Pitfalls of Scholarship101
22The Beginnings of the Language Revival104
23Three Factors in the Revival of the Language113
24The Life of "Dead" Hebrew115
25The Revival of Written Hebrew120
26New Cells of Society in a Social Desert133
27Ashkenazi or Sephardi Dialect?153
28Remarks on the Nature of Israeli Hebrew167
29Principles of the Revolution: A Retrospective Summary173
30Remarks Toward a Theory of Social Revolution177
Pt. IIISources on the Hebrew Language Revival
Rachel Katznelson: Language Insomnia (1918)183
Yitzhak Tabenkin: The Roots (1937)195
Berl Katznelson: On the Question of Languages (1919)205
Yosef Klauzner: Ancient Hebrew and Modern Hebrew (1929)208
Tsvi Shats: Exile of our Classical Poetry (1919)216
References222
Index229

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