Language Modeling for Information Retrieval

Overview

This book contains the first collection of papers addressing recent developments in the design of information retrieval systems using language modeling techniques. Language modeling approaches are used in a variety of other language technologies, such as speech recognition and machine translation, and the book shows that applications such as Web search, cross-lingual search, filtering, and summarization can be described in the same formal framework. The book is intended primarily for researchers and advanced ...

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Overview

This book contains the first collection of papers addressing recent developments in the design of information retrieval systems using language modeling techniques. Language modeling approaches are used in a variety of other language technologies, such as speech recognition and machine translation, and the book shows that applications such as Web search, cross-lingual search, filtering, and summarization can be described in the same formal framework. The book is intended primarily for researchers and advanced graduate students working in the language technologies areas of computer science or information science.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789048162635
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 12/7/2010
  • Series: The Information Retrieval Series , #13
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of hardcover 1st ed. 2003
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 246
  • Product dimensions: 6.69 (w) x 9.61 (h) x 0.55 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface. Contributing Authors. 1: Probabilistic Relevance Models Based on Document and Query Generation; J. Lafferty, ChengXiang Zhai. 1. Introduction. 2. Generative Relevance Models. 3. Discussion. 4. Historical Notes. 2: Relevance Models in Information Retrieval; V. Lavrenko, W.B. Croft. 1. Introduction. 2. Relevance Models. 3. Estimating a Relevance Model. 4. Experimental Results. 5. Conclusions. 3: Language Modeling and Relevance; K. Sparck Jones, S. Robertson, D. Hiemstra, H. Zaragoza. 1. Introduction. 2. Relevance in LM. 3. A Possible LM Approach: Parsimonious Models. 4. Concluding Comment. 4: Contributions of Language Modeling to the Theory and Practice of IR; W.R. Greiff, W.T. Morgan. 1. Introduction. 2. What is Language Modeling in IR. 3. Simulation Studies of Variance Reduction. 4. Continued Exploration. 5: Language Models for Topic Tracking; W. Kraai, M. Spitters. 1. Introduction. 2. Language Models for IR Tasks. 3. Experiments. 4. Discussion. 5. Conclusions. 6: A Probabilistic Approach to Term Translation for Cross-Lingual Retrieval; Jinxi Xu, R. Weischedel. 1. Introduction. 2. A Probabilistic Model for CLIR. 3. Estimating Term Translation Probabilities. 4. Related Work. 5. Test Collections. 6. Comparing CLIR with Monolingual Baseline. 7. Comparing Probabilistic and Structural Translations. 8. Comparing Probabilistic Translation and MT. 9. Measuring CLIR Performance as a Function of Resource Sizes. 10. Reducing the Translation Cost of Creating a Parallel Corpus. 11. Conclusions. 7: Using Compression-Based Language Models for Text Categorization; W.J. Teahan, D.J. Harper. 1. Background. 2. Compression Models. 3. Bayes Classifiers. 4. PPM-Based Language Models. 5. Experimental Results. 6. Discussion. 8: Applications of Score Distributions in Information Retrieval; R. Manmatha. 1. Introduction. 2. Related Work. 3. Modeling Score Distributions of Search Engines. 4. Combining Search Engines Indexing the Same Database. 5. Applications to Filtering and Topic Detection and Tracking. 6. Combining Engines Indexing Different Databases or Languages. 7. Conclusion. 9: An Unbiased Generative Model for Setting Dissemination Thresholds; Yi Zhang, J. Callan. 1. Introduction. 2. Generative Models of Dissemination Thresholds. 3. The Non-Random Sampling Problem & Solution. 4. Experimental Methodology. 5. Experimental Results. 6. Conclusion. 10: Language Modeling Experiments in Non-Extractive Summarization; V.O. Mittal, M.J. Witbrock. 1. Introduction. 2. Related Work. 3. Statistical Models of Gisting. 4. Training the Models. 5. Output and Evaluation. 6.

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