The Language of Time: A Reader / Edition 1

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Overview

This reader collects and introduces important work on the use of linguistic devices in natural languages to situate events in time: for instance, whether an event is past, present, or future; whether it is real or hypothetical; when it occurred; and how long it lasted. In focussing on the treatment and retrieval of time-based information it seeks to lay the foundation for temporally-aware natural language computer processing systems, such as those that process documents on the worldwide web to answer questions or produce summaries. The development of such systems requires the application of technical knowledge from many different disciplines. This book is the first to bring this work together, by means of classic and contemporary papers in four areas: tense, aspect, and event structure; temporal reasoning; the temporal structure of natural language discourse; and temporal annotation. Clear, self-contained editorial introductions to each area provide the necessary technical background for the non-specialist and explain the underlying connections across disciplines.

Readers in academia and industry will value this introduction and guide to a new and vital technology. The former include researchers, students, and teachers of natural language processing, linguistics, artificial intelligence, computational linguistics, computer science, information retrieval (including the growing speciality of question-answering), library sciences, human-computer interaction, and cognitive science. Those in industry include corporate managers and researchers, software product developers, and engineers in information-intensive companies, such as on-line database and web-service providers.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"This book brings together a variety of approaches, theoretical as well practical, for dealing with time in natural language. The papers are among the most relevant. They have been arranged in an order which makes sense. The introductions are excellent. ... Compulsory reading for people working in the relevant disciplines."--Linguist List 16.3481

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199268542
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 5/1/2005
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 600
  • Sales rank: 1,456,833
  • Product dimensions: 9.70 (w) x 6.70 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Meet the Author

Georgetown University

Brandeis University

University of Sheffield

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Table of Contents

Part 1: Tense, Aspect, and Event Structure
1. Verbs and Times, Z. Vendler
2. The Syntax of Event Structure, James Pustejovsky
3. The Algebra of Events, Emmon Bach
4. The Tense of Verbs, Hans Reichenbach
5. Tense Logic and the Logic of Earlier and Later, A.N. Prior
6. Temporal Ontology and Temporal Reference, Marc Moens and Mark Steedman
7. Deriving Verbal and Compositional Lexical Aspect for NLP Applications, Bonnie J. Door and Mari Broman Olsen
8. A Computational Model of the Semantics of Tense and Aspect, Rebecca J. Passonneau
Part II: Temporal Reasoning
9. A Temporal Logic for Reasoning About Processes and Plans, Drew McDermot
10. A Logic-Based Calculus of Events, Robert Kowalski and Marek Sergot
11. Extending the Event Calculus with Temporal Granularity and Indeterminacy, Luca Chittaro and Carlo Combi
12. Towards a General Theory of Action and Time, James F. Allen
13. A Critical Examination of Allen's Theory of Action and Time, Antony Galton
14. Annotating and Reasoning About Time and Events, Jerry Hobbs and James Pustejovsky
Part III: Temporal Structure of Discourse
15. The Effects of Aspectual Class on the Temporal Structure of Discourse: Semantics or Pragmatics?, David R. Dowty
16. Temporal Relations, Discourse Structure, and Commonsense Entailment, Alex Lascarides and Nicholas Asher
17. News Stories as Narratives, Allan Bell
18. Tense as Discourse Anaphor, Bonnie Lynn Webber
19. Tense Interpretation in the Context of Narrative, Fei Song and Robin Cohen
20. An Empirical Approach to Temporal Reference Resolution, Janyce Wiebe, Tom O'Hara, Thorsten Ohrstrom-Sandgren, and K. J. McKeever
21. Tense Trees as the Fine Structure of Discourse, Chung Hee Hwang and Lenhart K. Schubert
22. Algorithms for Analyzing the Temporal Structure of Discourse, Janet Hitzeman, Marc Moens, and Claire Grover
Part IV: Temporal Annotation
23. A Multilingual Approach to Annotating and Extracting Temporal Information, George Wilson, Inderjeet Mani, Beth Sundheim, and Lisa Ferro
24. The Annotation of Temporal Information in Natural Language Sentences, Graham Katz and Fabrizio Arosio
25. Assigning Time-Stamps to Event-Clauses, Elena Filatove and Eduard Hovy
26. From Temporal Expressions to Temporal Information: Semantic Tagging of News Messages, Franck Schilder and Christopher Habel
27. The Specification Language TimeML, James Pustejovsky, Robert Ingria, Roser Sauri, Jose Castano, Jessica Littman, Robert Gaizauskas, Andrea Setzer, Graham Katz, and Inderjeet Mani
28. A Model for Processing Temporal References in Chinese, Wenjie Li, Kam-Fai Wong, and Chunfa Yuan
29. Using Semantic Inference for Temporal Annotation Comparison, Andrea Setzer, Robert Gaizauskas, and Mark Hepple
Index

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