The Languages of Native North America [NOOK Book]

Overview

This book is a comprehensive and authoritative survey of the native North American languages. These several hundred languages show tremendous genetic and typological diversity, and offer numerous challenges to current linguistic theory. The book includes an overview of their special characteristics, descriptions of special styles, a catalog of the languages that details their locations, genetic affiliations, number of speakers, and major structural features, and lists published ...
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The Languages of Native North America

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Overview

This book is a comprehensive and authoritative survey of the native North American languages. These several hundred languages show tremendous genetic and typological diversity, and offer numerous challenges to current linguistic theory. The book includes an overview of their special characteristics, descriptions of special styles, a catalog of the languages that details their locations, genetic affiliations, number of speakers, and major structural features, and lists published material on them.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
The first section of this two-part work provides an overview of structural features of particular interest, treating topics such as phonological characteristics; morphological issues; grammatical distinctions of number, gender, shape, etc.; structural distinctions between nouns and verbs, predicates and arguments, and simple and complex sentences; the nature of grammatical relations; and special speech styles such as those used with children and those attributed to men or women. The second section catalogues languages by family, with details of genetic relationships, the locations and numbers of speakers, major published literature, and structural highlights. Mithun is affiliated with the linguistics department at the U. of California, Santa Barbara. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR booknews.com
From the Publisher
'This volume is a most welcome continuation of a most useful series. it is a great pleasure to review Marianne Mithun's The Languages of Native North America in the Cambridge Language Surveys, since one can only express admiration for the tremendous amount of labour behind this book. There are very few people in modern native North American linguistics, if any, who could do an equally beautiful job as Mithun.' Linguistic Typology
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781107384583
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 10/28/2013
  • Series: Cambridge Language Surveys
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 1
  • Sales rank: 1,064,341
  • File size: 38 MB
  • Note: This product may take a few minutes to download.

Table of Contents

List of maps x
Preface xi
Transcription key xiii
Abbreviations used in glosses xvi
Introduction 1
Part I The Nature of the Languages 13
1 Sounds and sound patterns 15
1.1 Inventories 15
1.2 Transcription conventions 20
1.3 Syllable structure 22
1.4 Tone 24
1.5 Harmony 26
1.6 Sound symbolism 31
1.7 Native writing systems 34
2 Words 37
2.1 Polysynthesis 38
2.2 Parts of words: roots, affixes, and clitics 39
2.2.1 Morpheme order 42
2.2.2 General compounding 44
2.2.3 Noun incorporation 44
2.2.4 The functions of roots and affixes 48
2.3 Lexical categories: nouns and verbs 56
3 Grammatical categories 68
3.1 Person 69
3.1.1 Inclusive and exclusive 70
3.1.2 Long-distance coreference and empathy 73
3.1.3 Obviation 76
3.2 Number 79
3.2.1 Inflectional number on nouns 79
3.2.2 Inverse number 81
3.2.3 Derivational and lexical number on nouns 82
3.2.4 Verbal number 83
3.2.5 Distributives 88
3.2.6 Collectives 91
3.2.7 Associatives 94
3.3 Gender 95
3.4 Shape, consistency, and related features 104
3.4.1 Classificatory numerals 104
3.4.2 Classificatory verbs 106
3.5 Means and manner: 'instrumental affixes' 118
3.6 Control 127
3.6.1 The lexicon 127
3.6.2 Verb morphology 128
3.7 Space: location and direction 132
3.7.1 Demonstratives 132
3.7.2 Nominal adpositions, clitics, and affixes 137
3.7.3 Verbal clitics and affixes 139
3.8 Time 152
3.8.1 Tense 152
3.8.2 Aspect 165
3.9 Modality: knowledge and obligation 170
3.9.1 Sample modal paradigms 171
3.9.2 Realis and irrealis 173
3.9.3 Evidentials 181
4 Sentences 187
4.1 Predicates and arguments 187
4.2 Word order 194
4.3 Grammatical relations and case 204
4.3.1 Nominative/accusative patterns 207
4.3.2 Ergative/absolutive patterns 209
4.3.3 Agent/patient and active/stative patterns 213
4.3.4 Direct/inverse patterns 222
4.3.5 A tripartite pattern 228
4.4 Pattern combinations 230
4.4.1 Nominative/accusative and ergative/absolutive 230
4.4.2 Nominative/accusative and agent/patient 236
4.4.3 Nominative/accusative and direct/inverse 239
4.4.4 Ergative/absolutive and agent/patient 241
4.5 Obliques and applicatives 244
4.6 Possession 249
4.7 Clause combining 260
4.7.1 The expression of clause linkage 262
4.7.2 Switch-reference 269
5 Special language 272
5.1 Baby talk, 'abnormal speech', and animal talk 272
5.2 'Men's' and 'women's' language 276
5.3 Narrative and ceremonial language 281
5.4 Speech play 289
5.5 Plains Sign Talk 292
Part II Catalogue of Languages 295
6 Relations among the languages 297
6.1 Dialect, language, and family 298
6.2 Genetic relationship 300
6.3 Stocks: hypotheses of more remote relationships 301
6.4 Language contact 311
6.4.1 Borrowing 311
6.4.2 Linguistic areas 314
6.4.3 Contact language 322
7 Catalogue 326
7.1 Language families and isolates 326
7.2 Pidgins, creoles, and mixed languages 587
References with note on sources 617
Index 751
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