Large Carnivores and the Conservation of Biodiversity

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Large Carnivores and the Conservation of Biodiversity brings together more than thirty leading scientists and conservation practitioners to consider a key question in environmental conservation: Is the conservation of large carnivores in ecosystems that evolved with their presence equivalent to the conservation of biological diversity within those systems? Building their discussions from empirical, long-term data sets, contributors including James A. Estes, David S. Maehr, Tim McClanahan, Andr?s J. Novaro, John Terborgh, and Rosie Woodroffe explore a variety of issues surrounding the link between predation and biodiversity: What is the evidence for or against the link? Is it stronger in marine systems? What are the implications for conservation strategies?

Large Carnivores and the Conservation of Biodiversity is the first detailed, broad-scale examination of the empirical evidence regarding the role of large carnivores in biodiversity conservation in both marine and terrestrial ecosystems. It contributes to a much more precise and global understanding of when, where, and whether protecting and restoring top predators will directly contribute to the conservation of biodiversity. Everyone concerned with ecology, biodiversity, or large carnivores will find this volume a unique and thought-provoking analysis and synthesis.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781559630801
  • Publisher: Island Press
  • Publication date: 4/28/2005
  • Edition description: 1
  • Pages: 512
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Table of Contents

Ch. 1 Introduction : how to value large carnivorous animals 1
Ch. 2 An ecological context for the role of large carnivores in conserving biodiversity 9
Ch. 3 Large carnivorous animals as tools for conserving biodiversity : assumptions and uncertainties 34
Ch. 4 Carnivory and trophic connectivity in kelp forests 61
Ch. 5 The green world hypothesis revisited 82
Ch. 6 Restoring functionality in Yellowstone with recovering carnivores : gains and uncertainties 100
Ch. 7 Large marine carnivores : trophic cascades and top-down controls in coastal ecosystems past and present 110
Ch. 8 Forest ecosystems without carnivores : when ungulates rule the world 138
Ch. 9 King of the beasts? : evidence for guild redundancy among large mammalian carnivores 154
Ch. 10 Tigers and wolves in the Russian Far East : competitive exclusion, functional redundancy, and conservation implications 179
Ch. 11 Large carnivores and biodiversity in African Savanna ecosystems 208
Ch. 12 Large carnivores and ungulates in European temperate forest ecosystems : bottom-up and top-down control 230
Ch. 13 Recovery of carnivores, trophic cascades, and diversity in coral reef marine parks 247
Ch. 14 Human-induced changes in the effect of top carnivores on biodiversity in the Patagonian steppe 268
Ch. 15 Large carnivores, herbivores, and omnivores in South Florida : an evolutionary approach to conserving landscapes and biodiversity 293
Ch. 16 Hunting by carnivores and humans : does functional redundancy occur and does it matter? 315
Ch. 17 Detecting top-down versus bottom-up regulation of ungulates by large carnivores : implications for conservation of biodiversity 342
Ch. 18 Top carnivores and biodiversity conservation in the boreal forest 362
Ch. 19 The linkage between conservation strategies for large carnivores and biodiversity : the view from the "half-full" forests of Europe 381
Ch. 20 Conclusion : is large carnivore conservation equivalent to biodiversity conservation and how can we achieve both? 400
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