Large Marine Ecosystems Of The North Atlantic

Large Marine Ecosystems Of The North Atlantic

by H.R. Skjoldal
     
 

ISBN-10: 0444510117

ISBN-13: 9780444510112

Pub. Date: 04/01/2002

Publisher: Elsevier Science

This is the first book to provide assessments of multidecadal changes in resources and environments of the Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs) of the North Atlantic. Using the case study method, researchers examine the forces driving the changes and actions underway aimed at turning the corner from declining trends in biomass yields, toward recovery of depleted species

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Overview

This is the first book to provide assessments of multidecadal changes in resources and environments of the Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs) of the North Atlantic. Using the case study method, researchers examine the forces driving the changes and actions underway aimed at turning the corner from declining trends in biomass yields, toward recovery of depleted species populations and improvements in ecosystem integrity.

Recently a distinguished group of 24 scientists argued eloquently that a new Sustainability Science was emerging that was focused on "meeting fundamental human needs while preserving the life support systems of planet Earth". The contributions contained in this volume are at the cutting edge of Sustainability Science and the results presented by the contributors are pertinent to one of the core questions: "How are long-term trends in environment and development, including consumption and population, reshaping nature-society interactions in ways relevant to sustainability?" (Science Vol. 292, 27 April 2001). The case studies demonstrate the utility of an ecosystem-based approach to the assessment and management of biomass yields and species sustainability.

Movements toward ecosystem-based management have emerged from the case studies on the initiation of recoveries of several depleted groundfish stocks of the US Northeast Shelf LME; the collapse of the Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf cod; the assessment of physical and biological changes on the Scotian Shelf, West Greenland Shelf, Iceland Shelf LME, and the Faroe Plateau, the North Sea, and the Barents Sea LMEs. Uncertainties, with regard to environmental and human-generated forcing, are addressed in assessment of the states of the Iberian Coastal and Biscay-Celtic LMEs, and in broad-scale studies of the influences at the base of the food chain of climatic variability on the productivity and biodiversity of plankton communities of the North Atlantic. The volume concludes with an insightful perspective on the approaches used and the results reported by the eminent marine scientist and former President of ICES, Professor Gotthilf Hempel.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780444510112
Publisher:
Elsevier Science
Publication date:
04/01/2002
Series:
Large Marine Ecosystems Series
Pages:
464
Product dimensions:
1.00(w) x 6.14(h) x 9.21(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
Contributors
INorth Atlantic Teleconnections1
1North Atlantic Climatic Signals and the Plankton of the European Continental Shelf3
2Interregional Biological Responses in the North Atlantic to Hydrometeorological Forcing27
IINorthwest Atlantic Large Marine Ecosystems49
3Changes to the Large Marine Ecosystem of the Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf51
4Decadal Changes in the Scotian Shelf Large Marine Ecosystem105
5Dynamics of Fish Larvae, Zooplankton, and Hydrographical Characteristics in the West Greenland Large Marine Ecosystem 1950-1984151
6The U.S. Northeast Shelf Large Marine Ecosystem: Zooplankton Trends in Fish Biomass Recovery195
IIIInsular North Atlantic217
7Iceland Shelf LME: Decadal Assessment and Resource Sustainability219
8Ecological Features and Recent Trends in the Physical Environment, Plankton, Fish Stocks, and Seabirds in the Faroe Shelf Ecosystem245
IVNortheast Atlantic267
9Zooplankton-Fish Interactions in the Barents Sea269
10Dynamics and Human Impact in the Bay of Biscay: An Ecological Perspective293
11Iberian Sardine Fisheries: Trends and Crises321
12The North Sea Large Marine Ecosystem339
VSummary and Comments413
13Changing States of the Large Marine Ecosystems in the North Atlantic: Summary and Comments415
Index437

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