Large-Scale Neuronal Theories of the Brain

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Overview

Large-Scale Neuronal Theories of the Brain brings together thirteen original contributions by some of the top scientists working in neuroscience today. It presents models and theories that will most likely shape and influence the way we think about the brain, the mind, and interactions between the two in the years to come. Chapters consider global theories of the brain from the bottom up — providing theories that are based on real nerve cells, their firing properties, and their anatomical connections. This contrasts with attempts that have been made by psychologists and by theorists in the artificial intelligence community to understand the brain strictly from a psychological or computational point of view.The authors encompass a broad background, from biophysics and electrophysiology to psychophysics, neurology, and computational vision. However, all the chapters focus on a common issue: the role of the primate (including human)cerebral cortex in memory, visual perception, focal attention, and awareness.Contributors : HoraceBarlow. Patricia Churchland, V. S. Ramachandran, and Terrence J. Sejnowski. Antonio R. Damasio andHanna Damasio. Robert Desimone, Earl K. Miller, and Leonardo Chelazzi. Christof Koch and FrancisCrick. Rodolfo R. Llinas and Urs Ribary. David Mumford. Tomaso Poggio and Anya Hurlbert. Michael I.

Posner and Mary K. Rothbart. Wolf Singer. Charles F. Stevens. Shimon Ullman. David C. Van Essen,Charles W. Anderson, and Bruno A. Olshausen.

The interaction of neural systems for attention & memory/ neuronal architectures for pattern-theoretic problems/etc.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Theorists in a range of neuro-sciences counter psychological and computational models of the brain, the mind, and the interactions between the two, by presenting global theories based on nerve cells, their firing properties, and their anatomical connections. The 13 papers focus on the role of the primate cerebral cortex in memory, visual perception, focal attention, and awareness. Accessible to non-specialists. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780262515382
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • Publication date: 6/7/1994
  • Series: Computational Neuroscience
  • Pages: 355
  • Product dimensions: 7.20 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Christof Koch is Professor of Biology and of Engineering at the California Institute ofTechnology and Chief Scientific Officer of the Allen Institute for Brain Science in Seattle. He is the author of The Quest for Consciousness and other books.

Joel L. Davis is Program Officer, Cognitive, Neural, and Biomolecular Science and TechnologyDivision, Office of Naval Research.

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Table of Contents

Introduction
1 What Is the Computational Goal of the Neocortex? 1
2 A Critique of Pure Vision 23
3 Cortical Systems for Retrieval of Concrete Knowledge: The Convergence Zone Framework 61
4 The Interaction of Neural Systems for Attention and Memory 75
5 Some Further Ideas Regarding the Neuronal Basis of Awareness 93
6 Perception as an Oneiric-like State Modulated by the Senses 111
7 Neuronal Architectures for Pattern-theoretic Problems 125
8 Observations on Cortical Mechanisms for Object Recognition and Learning 153
9 Constructing Neuronal Theories of Mind 183
10 Putative Functions of Temporal Correlations in Neocortical Processing 201
11 What Form Should a Cortical Theory Take? 239
12 Sequence Seeking and Counterstreams: A Model for Bidirectional Information Flow in the Cortex 257
13 Dynamic Routing Strategies in Sensory, Motor, and Cognitive Processing 271
References 301
Contributors 339
Index 341
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