Later China, Korea, Japan and the Modern World

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Of all the great religions, Buddhism has focused most intensively on the aspect of religion that we call spirituality. No religion has set a higher value on the states of spiritual insight and liberation, and none has set forth so methodically and with such a wealth of reflection the various paths and disciplines by which such states are reached. This volume, the second in the series, takes up further developments of Buddhism in China, Korea, and Japan, including Ch'an (Zen) and new Buddhist movements. It presents the Chinese realization of enlightenment here and now, and the practical, down-to-earth terms in which the enlightened vision was expressed and enacted.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780824515959
  • Publisher: Crossroad Publishing Company
  • Publication date: 4/28/1999
  • Series: World Spirituality
  • Pages: 576
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.25 (h) x 1.65 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the Series
Pt. 3 Later China
15 Ch'an
I A Historical Sketch 3
II Ch'an Spirituality 24
III Four Ch'an Masters 33
IV The Encounter of Ch'an with Confucianism 44
Pt. 4 Korea
16 Silla Buddhist Spirituality 57
17 The Koryo Period 79
18 Buddhist Spirituality in Premodern and Modern Korea 109
Pt. 5 Japan
19 Foundations
I The Birth of Japanese Buddhism 137
II The Impact of Buddhism in the Nara Period 144
III The Japanese Transformation of Buddhism 156
20 Heian Period
I Saicho 164
II Kukai 174
III Heian Foundation of Kamakura Buddhism 186
21 Pure Land
I Early Pure Land Leaders 201
II Honen's Spiritual Legacy 213
III Shinran's Way 222
22 The Spirituality of Nichiren 239
23 Zen
I A Historical Sketch 256
II Dogen 274
III Three Zen Thinkers 291
IV Hakuin 307
24 Tokugawa Period
I Buddhist Responses to Confucianism 329
II The Buddhist Element in Shingaku 337
III Jiun Sonja 348
25 Kiyozawa Manshi's "Spiritualism" 359
26 Philosophy as Spirituality: The Way of the Kyoto School 367
Pt. 6 Art, Society, and New Directions
27 Buddha's Bodies and the Iconographical Turn 391
28 Buddhist Spirituality in Modern Taiwan 417
29 Soka Gakkai and the Modern Reformation of Buddhism 435
30 Contemporary Buddhist Spirituality and Social Activism 455
31 Theravada Spirituality in the West 482
32 Zen and the West 496
Glossary of Technical Terms 511
Contributors 523
Photographic Credits 526
Name Index 527
Subject Index 539
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