Latin America between the Second World War and the Cold War: Crisis and Containment, 1944-1948

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Overview

This volume aims to establish that the period between World War II and the beginning of the Cold War (1944-5 to 1947-8) represents an important conjuncture in the political and social history of Latin America in the twentieth century. The volume contains an Introduction and a Conclusion by the editors and case studies of eleven of the twenty Latin American republics. Despite differences of political regime and different levels of economic and social development there are striking similarities in the experiences of the majority of the Latin American republics in this period. For most of Latin America it can be divided into two phases. The first, coinciding with the Allied victory in the Second World War, was characterized by three distinct but interrelated phenomena: democratization; a shift to the Left, both Communist and non-Communist; and unprecedented labor militancy. In the second phase, coinciding with the onset of the Cold War and completed almost everywhere by 1948, labor was disciplined by the State and in many cases excluded from politics; communist parties suffered proscription and severe repression; reformist, "progressive" parties moved to the right; the democratic advance was for the most part contained, and in some cases reversed.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"...what seemed an auspicious moment for social democratic forces soon gave way in most countries to authoritarian repression, restrictions on the left, military coups and conservative consolidation. This illuminating volume analyzes why this occurred, concentrating on the interplay between domestic economic and social factors and the influence of U.S. policy." Foreign Affairs

"...the eleven essays in this volume are remarkably even in their high quality....a valuable addition to the relatively sparse historical literature on the early Cold War years in Latin America." Daniel Masterson, The Americas

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521430326
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 12/28/2005
  • Series: Cambridge Latin American Studies Series
  • Pages: 368
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.98 (h) x 0.94 (d)

Table of Contents

Part I. Introduction: The Post-War Conjuncture in Latin America: 1. Democracy, labor and the left Leslie Bethell, Ian Roxborough; Part II. Country Studies: 1. Brazil Leslie Bethell; 2. Chile Andrew Barnard; 3. Argentina Mario Rapoport; 4. Bolivia Laurence Whitehead; 5. Venezuela Steve Ellner; 6. Peru Nigel Haworth; 7. Mexico Ian Roxborough; 8. Cuba Harold Sims; 9. Nicaragua Jeffrey Gould; 10. Costa Rica Rodolfo Cerdas Cruz; 11. Guatemala James Dunkerley; Conclusion: the post-war conjuncture in Latin America and its consequences; Index.
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