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After Fidel Castro's guerrilla war against dictator Fulgencio Batista triumphed on January 1, 1959, the Cuban Revolution came to be seen as a major watershed in Latin American history. The three decades following Castro's victory gradually marginalized Cuba from the Latin American mainstream. But, as long-time Cuba observer Thomas C. Wright shows, the Cuban Revolution owed its vast influence in Latin America to the fact that it embodied the aspirations and captured the imaginations of Latin America's masses as no other political movement had ever done.
After reviewing the background to Castro's Cuban Revolution, Wright examines the radical social and economic transformation of Cuba and Castro's efforts to actively promote insurrection against established governments and bourgeois power throughout Latin America. He then analyzes,in detail, the military revolution in Peru, the Allende government in Chile, and the Sandinista Revolution in Nicaragua. Then Wright looks at the phenomena that affected all or major parts of Latin America—the impact of fidelismo, U.S. responses to revolution, rural guerrilla warfare, urban guerrilla warfare, and the new-style institutional military regimes created to fight revolution. He concludes with a summary of the rise and fall of Cuban influence in the hemisphere and offers an overview of the Latin American political landscape in the 1990s. An engaging synthesis for students and scholars interested in the Cuban Revolution and its impact on Latin America in the second half of the twentieth century.
|Introduction: The Cuban Revolution and Latin America|
|1||Fidel Castro's Road to Power, 1952-1959||1|
|2||Cuba: The Making of a Revolution||21|
|3||Fidelismo and the Radicalization of Latin American Politics||39|
|4||U.S. Responses to Revolution||57|
|5||Rural Guerrilla Warfare||73|
|6||Urban Guerrilla Warfare||93|
|7||The Peruvian Military Revolution, 1968-1975||111|
|8||Chile under Allende: A Peaceful Road to Socialism?||129|
|9||The Antirevolutionary Military Regimes||149|
|10||The Nicaraguan Revolution||165|
|11||Transitions of the 1990s||187|
This book was an excellent survey of the impact of the Cuban Revolution on Latin America. Wright begins by detailing the historical background of Cuba, the revolution and the overthrow of Batista. He then details how the revolution was intepreted by other Latin American countries and how various leftist groups implemented revolution and reform. He singles out Brazil, Argentina, Uruguary, Peru and Chile as examples. Wright also goes into detail about the conservative response to guerrilla resistance and leftist elected governments, ultimately resulting in repressive military regimes. He also discusses U.S. involvment in Latin American during this time period. A recommended read for anyone interested in Latin American politics and history.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.