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When elected civilians replaced military authoritarian regimes in Latin America in the 1980s, democracy seemed at hand. Yet those nominally democratic regimes implemented widely unpopular neoliberal policies, opening the economies to global market forces with devastating impact on the poor. This clearly written and comprehensive text examines the uprising of politically and economically marginalized groups in Latin American societies. Specialists in a broad range of disciplines interpret the new wave of social ...
When elected civilians replaced military authoritarian regimes in Latin America in the 1980s, democracy seemed at hand. Yet those nominally democratic regimes implemented widely unpopular neoliberal policies, opening the economies to global market forces with devastating impact on the poor. This clearly written and comprehensive text examines the uprising of politically and economically marginalized groups in Latin American societies. Specialists in a broad range of disciplines interpret the new wave of social movements, including movements in Mexico, Ecuador, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Chile, and Argentina, the V'a Campesina global peasant network, and Mesoamerican coalitions against regional free trade agreements. This volume assembles original research from a variety of case studies in a student-friendly format. Section introductions help students contextualize the essays, highlighting social movement origins, strategies, and outcomes. Thematic sections address historical context, political economy, community-building and consciousness, ethnicity and race, gender, movement strategies, and transnational organizing, making this book useful to anyone studying the wide range of social movements in Latin America.
Chapter 1: Social Movements in the Twenty-First Century: Editors' Introduction Part 2 Part I: Introduction: Historical Continuities and New Trends Chapter 3 Chapter 2: Power and Social Movements in the Region: Latin America in an International Context Chapter 4 Chapter 3: Social Movements, Hegemony, and New Forms of Resistance Part 5 Part II: Neoliberal Globalization and Democracy Lite: The Changing Political/Economic Context of Social Movements Chapter 6 Chapter 4: Mexican Popular Movements, Clientelism, and the Process of Democratization Chapter 7 Chapter 5: Struggles Against Accumulation by Dispossession in Bolivia: The Political Economy of Natural Resource Contention Part 8 Part III: Community-Building Strategies, Consciousness, and Agents of Social Change Chapter 9 Chapter 6: Fighting for the Forests Revisited: Grassroots Resistance to Mining in Northern Ecuador Chapter 10 Chapter 7: Resisting Neoliberal Homogenization: The Zapatista Autonomy Movement Chapter 11 Chapter 8: Praxis of Empowerment: Mística and Mobilization in Brazil's Landless Rural Workers Movement (MST) Part 12 Part IV: Ethnicity and Race in Social and Political Movements Chapter 13 Chapter 9: Zapatista Anti-Capitalist Politics and the Other Campaign: Learning from the Struggle for Indigenous Rights Chapter 14 Chapter 10: Pachacutik and Indigenous Political Party Politics in Ecuador Chapter 15 Chapter 11: Transnational Black Social Movements in Latin America: Afro-Colombians and the Struggle for Human Rights Chapter 16 Chapter 12: Politics is a Coisinha de Mulher (Woman's Thing): Black Women's Leadership in Neighborhood Movements in Brazil Part 17 Part V: Gender and Women's Movements Chapter 18 Chapter 13: Recasting "Popular" Movements: Gender and Political Learning in Neighborhood Organizations in Chile Chapter 19 Chapter 14: Casa Amiga: Feminist Community-Building in Ciudad Juárez as an Alternative to the Structural Violence of Globalization Part 20 Part VI: Repertoires and Sites of Contention: Parties, Shop Floors, and Streets Chapter 21 Chapter 15: Neoliberalism, Corruption, and Legacies of Contention: Argentina's Social Movements, 1993–2006 Chapter 22 Chapter 16: New Social Movements with Old Party Politics: The MTL Piqueteros and the Communist Party in Argentina Part 23 Part VII: Transnational Dimensions of Social Movements Chapter 24 Chapter 17: Neozapatista Network Politics: Transforming Democracy and Development Chapter 25 Chapter 18: La Vía Campesina: Transnationalizing Peasant Struggle and Hope Chapter 26 Chapter 19: Neoliberal Regionalism and Resistance in Mesoamerica: Foro Mesoamericano Opposition to Plan Puebla-Panamá and CAFTA Chapter 27 Chapter 20: Concluding Reflections and Challenges Ahead for Latin America's Social Movements