Laws of the Landscape: How Policies Shape Cities in Europe and America

Laws of the Landscape: How Policies Shape Cities in Europe and America

by Pietro S. Nivola
     
 

For decades, concerns have been raised about the consequences of relentless suburban expansion in the United States. But so far, government programs to control urban sprawl have had little effect in slowing it down, much less stopping it. In this book, Pietro S. Nivola raises important questions about the continued suburbanization of America: Is suburban growth… See more details below

Overview

For decades, concerns have been raised about the consequences of relentless suburban expansion in the United States. But so far, government programs to control urban sprawl have had little effect in slowing it down, much less stopping it. In this book, Pietro S. Nivola raises important questions about the continued suburbanization of America: Is suburban growth just the result of market forces, or have government policies helped induce greater sprawl? How much of the government intervention has been undesirable, and what has been beneficial? And, if suburban growth is to be controlled, what changes in public policies would be not only effective, but practical?

Nivola addresses these questions by comparing sprawling U.S. metropolitan areas to compact development patterns in Europe. He contrasts the effects of traditional urban programs, as well as "accidental urban policies" that have a profound if commonly unrecognized impact on cities, including national tax systems, energy conservation efforts, agricultural supports, and protection from international commerce.

Nivola also takes a hard look at the traditional solutions of U.S. urban policy agenda involving core-area reconstruction projects, mass transit investments, "smart" growth controls, and metropolitan organizational rearrangements, and details the reasons why they often don't work. He concludes by recommending reforms for key U.S. policies--from taxes to transportation to federal regulations--based on the successes and failures of the European experience.

Brookings Metropolitan Series

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780815760818
Publisher:
Brookings Institution Press
Publication date:
03/01/1999
Series:
Brookings Metropolitan Series
Pages:
144
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.34(d)

Table of Contents

Ch. 1Introduction1
Ch. 2Big and Turbulent4
Ch. 3The Not-So-Invisible Hand12
Ch. 4So What?35
Ch. 5Shopworn Solutions52
Ch. 6Eight Suggestions65
Ch. 7Summing Up88
Notes93
Index121

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