Charles Baudelaire: Baudelaire (1821-1867) was France's most influential nineteenth-century poet. He was also a brilliant critic. A controversial figure in his lifetime, his collection of poems Les Fleurs du mal (Flowers of Evil) is regarded as a masterpiece.
Francis Scarfe: Francis Scarfe (1911-1986) was a lecturer in French poetry at Glasgow University before and again after World War II. From 1959 to 1978, he was director of the British Institute. In recognition of his contribution to Anglo-French cultural relations he was made a Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres (1962), and for his work on Baudelaire he was awarded the Prix de L'Ile Saint-Louis (1966); on his retirement in 1978 he was made a Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur. He was the author of four collections of poetry and of the critical works Auden and After and André Chénier, His Life and Work.