Crochet hooks used vary in size according to the item to be made and thread used. The largest, usually made of wood, hone or plastic are more desirable for heavier yarns and cottons; the smaller steel hooks are best for finer threads. Aluminum crochet hooks are also available. The afghan crochet hook is longer than the average and of uniform thickness throughout. Crochet threads vary as to twist, size and color. Always use thread recommended in...
Crochet hooks used vary in size according to the item to be made and thread used. The largest, usually made of wood, hone or plastic are more desirable for heavier yarns and cottons; the smaller steel hooks are best for finer threads. Aluminum crochet hooks are also available. The afghan crochet hook is longer than the average and of uniform thickness throughout.
Crochet threads vary as to twist, size and color. Always use thread recommended in directions, if possible, and buy enough to complete article, especially when working with colors.
The finer mercerized crochet threads are more suited for the delicate designs used for tablecloths, doilies, edgings and accessories: yarn is
best for sweaters, afghans, blankets, baby ensembles and other fashion items.
A stitch gauge is often given at the beginning of directions. This means the number of stitches worked to an inch and number of rows to an inch. Practice making a small swatch with size hook and thread suggested.
To gauge your stitch, make a chain about 4 inches long and work in desired pattern for about 3 inches. As no two people crochet alike, it is not uncommon for your gauge to vary from the one given. If you take more stitches per inch than those given, use a larger hook, or if fewer sts result to the inch, use a smaller hook.
To Turn Work-a certain number of chain stitches are added to the end of each row to bring work in position for next row. The work is turned so that the reverse side is facing you. The number of chains to make depends upon the stitch with which the next row begins. Here is a list of turning chains:
Sc ch I to turn
Hdc or sdc ch 2 to turn
Dc . ch 3 to turn
Tr ch 4 to turn
Dtr ch 5 to turn
Tr tr ch 6 to turn
Stitches can be made through both loops of stitches of previous row or through the back loops only. If not specified, take up both loops.
The term "fasten off" is used in directions whenever the thread is to be cut 6 or 8 inches from the work, slipped through the lp on hook, pulled tight and then it is fastened securely on wrong side of work by weaving in and out of work.
Basic Crochet Stitches
Chain Stitch-First make a loop just formed (which will be referred to as a lp), by grasping thread, one or two inches from end, between thumb and forefinger of left hand; holding main length of thread in right hand, bring it across in front of short end, forming a Ip as shown in Figure 1.
Hold crochet hook in right hand as shown in sketch, insert hook in lp just formed, catch main length of thread and pull through lp (Fig. 2).
Pull both threads to tighten lp on hook. You are now ready to make first ch St. Do not remove crochet hook from thread.
Hold hook in right hand as shown in Figure 3, hold main thread in left hand, wrap thread once around little finger, bring thread in front of ring and middle fingers and behind forefinger; hold Ip between thumb and middle finger of left hand, pass hook under thread and pick up this main length of thread on hook-called a "thread over," with one motion, draw through lp for a ch St.
For practice make a ch any desired length; on this foundation ch you can work nearly any st you wish. To make the second or following st always insert hook in next st on ch of previous row, skipping the sts necessary at beginning of ch or row as explained in each St.
Make Foundation Ch To Work Each Of The Following Sts
Slip Stitch-Insert hook in second st from hook, thread over and, with one motion, draw through both the st and lp on hook. The sl st is used for joining, when an invisible st is desired or to give a tight finish along an edge.
Single Crochet-Insert hook in second st from hook, thread over and pull through st (2 lps on hook), thread over and pull through both lps on hook. For second and all successive rows of sc, ch 1 to turn work. To begin from other end, insert hook in top of next st, picking up both lps of st. When only the back Ip is picked up it forms a rib and is often referred to as a rib st (sometimes called slipper st).
Half or Short Double Crochet-Thread over, insert hook in third st from hook, draw thread through (3 Ips on hook), thread over and pull through all lps at once. For succeeding rows, ch 2 to turn.
Double Crochet-Thread over, insert hook in fourth st from hook, draw thread through (3 lps on hook), thread over and pull through 2 lps on hook, thread over and pull through last 2 lps. For succeeding rows, ch 3 (counts as a dc) to turn, work next dc in second dc of previous row.
Treble Crochet-Thread over twice, insert hook in 5th st from hook, draw thread through (4 Ips on hook), thread over hook, pull through 2 Ips, thread over, pull through 2 Ips, thread over, pull through 2 lps. For succeeding rows, ch 4 (counts as a tr), turn and work next tr in second tr of previous row.
Joined Treble-Make a ch desired length, turn, sk 3 sts. tr in next st, * ch 2, t