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Several Midwestern states have been leaders on welfare reform in the 1990s and have led the way for other states in implementing the federal Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996. This book provides detailed analyses of the political rationales and processes that preceded the federal direction to states to dramatically alter their welfare programs and administrative systems. It discusses implementation chocies as well as difficulties and successes in carrying out those choices. The book also analyzes the role of political parties, interest groups, foundations, think tanks, and academics in setting agendas and formulating policy. The book features chapters describing and analyzing welfare reform, both its development and implementation in five states - Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio and Wisconsin.
The chapters are by Charles F. Adams and Miriam S. Wilson of Ohio State University; Jocelyn M. Johnston and Kara Lindaman of the University of Kansas; Thomas J. Kaplan of the University of Wisconsin; Thomas F. Luce, Jr. of the University of Minnesota; and Carol S. Weissert of Michigan State University, who also wrote the introductory and concluding chapters.
1. Learning from Midwestern Leaders
Carol S. Weissert
2. Welfare Reform Meets the Devolution Revolution in Ohio
Charles F. Adams and Miriam S. Wilson
3. Kansas Carves Out a Middle Ground
Jocelyn M. Johnston and Kara Lindaman
4. Wisconsin's W-2 Program: Welfare as We Might Come to Know It?
5. Minnesota's Balancing Act: Boosting Work Incentives and Job Readiness While Controlling Costs
Thomas F. Luce, Jr.
6. Michigan's Welfare Reform: Generous But Tough
Carol S. Weissert
7. Concluding Comments: Welfare Reform and Governance
Thomas L. Gais
About the Authors