Learning: Principles and Applications / Edition 6

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Overview

Known for its coverage of both classic and current studies of animal and human research, Learning: Principles and Applications shows students the relevance of basic learning processes through real-world examples, vignettes, applications, and critical thinking questions. This new Sixth Edition represents a thorough update and reorganization of content to reflect changes in the field, as well as a strengthening of key pedagogical features to help students’ understanding of the material.

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Editorial Reviews

Charles A. Gramlich
“An approachable text that provides the detail needed to teach a course in the Psychology of Learning while not overwhelming the students.”
Roald Maes
“The primary strength of the book is that both basic learning phenomena and theories are dealt with more elaborately compared to other textbooks, while still avoiding ‘overloading’ the students.”
Mark Davies
“The text contains a great deal of detail, yet the narrative remains friendly and easy to follow.”
Gary Starr
“The text is written exceptionally well. It is informative, interesting, and engaging. The stories help to grab the attention of the reader at the very start of each chapter and keep the interest of the student as they work their way through the material.”
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781412987349
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 3/29/2011
  • Edition number: 6
  • Pages: 512
  • Sales rank: 653,238
  • Product dimensions: 8.11 (w) x 9.93 (h) x 0.76 (d)

Meet the Author

Stephen B. Klein (Ph.D., Psychology, Rutgers University) is a Professor and Chair of the Department of Psychology at Mississippi Sate University, where he has taught since 1990. He teaches a variety of undergraduate classes; including Learning Principles and Processes, Human Learning and Thinking, Theories of Learning, and Quantitative Methods, and graduate classes in Advanced Learning, Advanced Learning and Motivation, and Advanced Experimental Methods. His research interests are in the biological basis of learning and memory and constraints and predispositions on food preferences and aversions. His early research included investigations of aversive conditioning and flavor aversion learning. In addition to Learning: Principles and Applications, Klein has written and co-edited the following textbooks; Contemporary Learning Theories: Pavlovian conditioning and the status 0/ traditional learning theory, Handbook o/Contemporary Learning Theories, and Biological Psychology (2Ie).

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1 - An Introduction to Learning
The Gift of Knowledge
A Definition of Learning
Functionalism
Behaviorism
The Ethics of Conducting Research
Chapter 2 - Traditional Learning Theories
The Oldies but Goodies
Traditional Learning Theories
Hull’s Drive Theory
Spence’s Acquired Motive Approach
Guthrie’s Contiguity View
Tolman’s Purposive Behaviorism
Skinner’s Behavioristic Methodology
Chapter 3 - The Modification of Instinctive Behavior
Do You Have a Light?
The Instinctive Basis of Behavior
Habituation and Sensitization
Opponent-Process Theory
Chapter 4 - Principles and Applications of Classical Conditioning
A Lingering Fear
Principles of Classical Conditioning
Applications of Classical Conditioning
Chapter 5 - Theories of Classical Conditioning
He Never Saw It Coming
The Nature of the Conditioned Response
The Nature of the Classical Conditioning Process
Chapter 6 - and Applications of Appetitive Conditioning
A Loss of Control
Principles of Appetitive Conditioning
Applications of Appetitive Conditioning
Contingency Management
The Implementation of the Contingency Management Program
Chapter 7 - Principles and Applications of Aversive Conditioning
A Good Whipping
Principles of Aversive Conditioning
Applications of Aversive Conditioning
Chapter 8 - Theories of Appetitive and Aversive Conditioning
A Lack of Control
Theories of Appetitive Conditioning
The Pain of Failure
Theories of Aversive Learning
Chapter 9 - Biological Influences on Learning
A Nauseating Experience
Generality of the Laws of Learning
A Behavior Systems Approach
Animal Misbehavior
Schedule-Induced Behavior
Flavor-Aversion Learning
Imprinting
The Avoidance of Aversive Events
The Biology of Reinforcement
Chapter 10 - Stimulus Control of Behavior
A Case of Mistaken Identity
The Generalization Process
Discrimination Learning
Chapter 11 - Cognitive Control of Behavior
The Insurmountable Barrier
Tolman’s Purposive Behaviorism
The Concept of an Expectation
A Cognitive View of Depression
A Cognitive View of Phobic Behavior
Chapter 12 - Complex Learning Tasks
A Day at the Beach
Concept Learning
Problem Solving
Language
Chapter 13 - The Storage of Our Experiences
A Fleeting Experience
Measures of Memory
A Three-Stage View of Memory Storage
Sensory Register
Short-Term Store
A Rehearsal Systems Approach
Long-Term Store
Chapter 14 - Memory Retrieval and Forgetting
A Look Into the Past
Memory Retrieval
Forgetting
Anatomical Basis of Memory Retrieval
Application: Mnemonics

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