Learning To Be Modern

Learning To Be Modern

by Byron Marshall
     
 

ISBN-10: 0813318920

ISBN-13: 9780813318929

Pub. Date: 03/19/1995

Publisher: Westview Press


In the increasingly global economy, commentators often cite education as a key source of competitive advantage for nations locked in economic contention on the world stage. Byron Marshall examines the evolution of Japanese schools over the past 120 years. Emphasizing the political discourse and conflict that have surrounded Japanese education, the author focuses…  See more details below

Overview


In the increasingly global economy, commentators often cite education as a key source of competitive advantage for nations locked in economic contention on the world stage. Byron Marshall examines the evolution of Japanese schools over the past 120 years. Emphasizing the political discourse and conflict that have surrounded Japanese education, the author focuses on the three main issues of central versus local control, elitism versus equality, and nationalism versus universalism. The prewar education system in Japan was formulated in the 1870s and modeled after the Western system of public education. After World War II, the American Occupation authorities attempted to reform this system further, but how much discontinuity with the past was produced by the postwar reforms is still an open question.Of course, the dilemmas facing Japanese schools are endemic to all modern school systems, and Marshall’s broad historical survey provides a valuable case study of Japanese attempts to strike a balance between equality and excellence, individual creativity and team cooperation, standardization and innovation, and internationalism and cultural identity. The book thus provides a valuable historical perspective on contemporary American issues of “political correctness” such as gender and ethnicity.As we head toward the “Pacific Century,” this book gives readers the background and insight necessary to make informed judgments about the relative strength of Japanese education and the merits of various school reforms.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813318929
Publisher:
Westview Press
Publication date:
03/19/1995
Series:
New Perspectives on Asian History Series
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
340
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)
Lexile:
1530L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

List of Tables
List of Figures
Preface
Introduction1
1Clarifying Loyalty and Filial Piety: 1800-1850s5
2Knowledge from Throughout the World: The Reforms of the 1870s25
3Assimilating the Elements: 1879-190551
4To Liberate Education from Bureaucratic Control: 1905-193191
5Mobilizing the Spirit of the Nation: 1931-1945119
6Stamping out the Bad, Stamping in the New: 1945-1950143
7Warfare Waged Between the Entrenched: 1950-1969167
8The Challenge of a New Era: 1970-1989207
9Our National Identity as Japanese: Post-Showa Japan249
Notes257
Bibliography283
About the Book and Author305
Index306

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